Spinning The Music (Part 2)

©Renee 2012

In part one of Spinning, we covered Barry Gordy, CBS Records and Simeon Ndesandjo.

http://wtpotus.wordpress.com/2011/10/06/spinning-out-a-story-about-simeon-ndesandjo-ruth-obamas-second-husband/

In part 2 we will look at other connections here and to the ever faithful musical tune. The magical song, the background to our lives and memories.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Don_Cornelius

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WVON

WVON (1690 AM) is a radio station licensed to Berwyn, Illinois, serving the greater Chicago area, airing an African-American-oriented talk format. WVON is managed by Midway Broadcasting Corporation, via a local marketing agreement with frequency owner Clear Channel Communications. Civil rights leaders the Rev. Al Sharpton and the Rev. Jesse Jackson, and Jackson’s daughter, Santita, host talk shows on the station.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shemar_Moore

http://abouttheman.com/wp/the-musicians/george-gillette/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Chess

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clear_Channel_Communications

Clear Channel Communications, Inc. is an American mass media company headquartered in San Antonio, Texas. Founded in 1972 by Lowry Mays and B. J. “Red” McCombs, the company was taken private by Bain Capital, LLC and Thomas H. Lee Partners in a leveraged buyout in 2008; as a result, the company now operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of CC Media Holdings, Inc.

Clear Channel specializes in radio broadcasting through subsidiary Clear Channel Broadcasting, Inc. and division Clear Channel Media and Entertainment (formerly Clear Channel Radio); and billboard advertising through subsidiary Clear Channel Outdoor Holdings, Inc.. Clear Channel is the largest owner of full-power AM, FM, and shortwave radio stations and twelve radio channels on XM Satellite Radio, and is also the largest pure-play radio station owner and operator. The group was in the television business until it sold all of its TV stations to Newport Television in 2008.

The term “clear channel” comes from AM broadcasting, referring to a channel (frequency) on which only one station transmits. In U.S. and Canadian broadcasting history, “clear channel” (or class I-A) stations had exclusive rights to their frequencies throughout most of the continent at night, when AM stations travel very far due to skywave. WOAI in San Antonio, Clear Channel’s flagship station, was such a station.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Pittman_(media_executive)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Hogan_(executive)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bain_Capital

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_H._Lee_Partners

Simeon Ndsandjo was partners with Peter Colmore at High Fidelity Company:

allAfrica.com: East
Africa: Peter Colmore: The Man With the Midas Touch

Nairobi — A personal memoir of East Africa’s first and most succesful impresario by his longtime friend and business associate, the equally illustrious ALLY SYKES of Tanzania

In 1958 I formed my first company, Sykes Sales Promotion Consultancy, and an old friend, Peter Colmore, who had by then built up a very successful sales promotion business in Nairobi, appointed me his agent in Tanganyika.

http://mobile.theeastafrican.co.ke/Magazine/Ally-Sykes-a-man-for-all-seasons-/-/433852/1889252/-/format/xhtml/-/rb80xs/-/index

I cannot remember the first time I met Ally Sykes, but I knew him when I was very young. Ally Sykes was one of a kind.

Many do not know of the key role that this iconic figure played in Tanganyika’s drive for Independence, but he shared a lot with me when I was writing a book about his elder brother.

It was Ally and his brother Abdulwahid who took in Julius Nyerere when he first came to Dar es Salaam in 1952, and proposed him to stand for Tanganyika African Association presidency in 1953, which was then held by Abdulwahid himself.  Nyerere won that election and the Tanganyika African National Union (Tanu) was formed in 1954.

Ally and Abdulwahid, along with John Rupia, Dossa Aziz and Nyerere formed the inner circle of the nascent nationalist movement, and they were the vanguard in the Independence struggle.

The two Sykes brothers were natural insiders in the political awakening in Tanganyika since their father, Kleist Sykes, was the founding secretary of the African Association in 1929.

When Tanu was founded in July 1954, Ally Sykes, from his own pocket, printed the first 1,000 Tanu cards. He issued Tanu card no. 1 to “Territorial president” Julius Nyerere and card no. 2 to himself, card no. 3 to his elder brother Abdulwahid Sykes, card no. 4 to Dossa Aziz, card no. 5 to Dennis Phombeah, a Nyasa from Nyasaland, card no. 6 to Dome Okochi Budohi, one of the Kenyan nationalists in Tanu, and card no. 7 to John Rupia.

He printed a further 2,000 cards from money borrowed from Tanganyika African Government Servant Association, of which he was secretary.

In the early 1960s, we were living on Lindi Street (which before Independence was known as Kirk Street) near International Hotel in Dar es Salaam. The hotel still exists today, although the house we used to live in was torn down and replaced by a high rise building.

Ally had his office just across our house. He and my father had been friends since childhood; they had gone to school together in Dar es Salaam. I later learned that this office was owned by Peter Colmore, the managing director of High Fidelity Productions, a publicity and advertising agency based in Nairobi, and Ally was his representative in Dar es Salaam.

Ally was a civil servant in the Labour Department but after office hours, he would work at the agency.

http://www.shvoong.com/humanities/1742032-singer-angered-colonialists/

Humplick was a popular figure even with children, particularly because of  his song Kwenye kabati kuna nyoka (There is a snake in the cupboard) which was very popular for its satire depicting

the musician as a schoolteacher teaching English to students who found it difficult to grasp the real  meaning of English vocabulary. After several sessions, he started narrating  to me his life after being discharged from the King’s African Rifles at the  end of World War Two in 1945. Sykes said that, in his opinion, the most  appropriate person for me to talk to about that period was his friend and  business partner of many years, Peter Colmore.  SYKES THEN CALLED COLMORE  in Nairobi and it was arranged that I travel to Nairobi to talk to him. I interviewed Colmore at his Muthaiga residence and had the chance to see his photo archive comprising photos of musicians whose songs he had   produced.
DEHAI
MAILING LIST ARCHIVE: [DEHAI] (Independent – UK) Multitalented entrepreneur in
the new Kenya

“Colmore was involved in the training of Ethiopian refugees as “irregulars” to serve with Commonwealth armies which advanced into Italian East Africa from the Northern Frontier District of Kenya and from the Sudan. The latter were halted by the stubborn defence of Keren in Eritrea but the advance from Kenya through Somalia to Addis Ababa, led by General Sir William Platt, was to prove the fastest advance in military history. Colmore was Platt’s ADC.”

Peter Colmore Multitalented entrepreneur in the new Kenya 05 February 2004

Peter Dashwood Murray Colmore, soldier, flying-boat traffic officer, businessman, broadcaster, musician, producer and impresario: born London 22 November 1919; died Nairobi 24 January 2004.

In Kenya, in the aftermath of the Second World War, such was the fame and popularity of a young Englishman, as a bandleader, broadcaster and producer, that several parents named their children “Peter Colmore” after him. His life story is at one with that of the development of vernacular musical entertainment throughout the Swahili-speaking world and beyond, and indeed with the cultural life of modern Kenya.

Peter Colmore hailed from a military background. He was the only son of Harry Colmore, a captain in the 7th Hussars, and Nina Gostling-Murray, a colonel’s daughter. But, ever something of a rebel, after schooling at Sherborne their talented boy opted to study aero-engineering at Hamble in Hampshire before joining Imperial Airways. In 1938 he sailed to East Africa. Recent television films recalling the colourful era of the Empire Flying-Boat Service reveal him as a young man guiding the docking of those gracious planes on the rippling waters of Lake Victoria at Kisumu.

The Ethiopian empire which foreigners then called Abyssinia had been overrun by Mussolini’s troops in 1935-36, but, once the Italians declared war in June 1940, indigenous Patriot guerrillas there were supported by infiltrated British officers – including such legendary figures as Dan Sandford, Wilfred Thesiger, Orde Wingate, Bimbashi Bagge and many others.

Colmore was involved in the training of Ethiopian refugees as “irregulars” to serve with Commonwealth armies which advanced into Italian East Africa from the Northern Frontier District of Kenya and from the Sudan. The latter were halted by the stubborn defence of Keren in Eritrea but the advance from Kenya through Somalia to Addis Ababa, led by General Sir William Platt, was to prove the fastest advance in military history. Colmore was Platt’s ADC.

*Updated 10/10/2013 h/t Alf:

The High Fidelity Studios, produced some of the finest commercials of the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. The brands they promoted became household names. Some were imported, many were made locally.

Kenya Breweries, East African Industries, and Bata Shoe Company were the industrial giants that fought for the hearts and minds of consumers. A variety of goods hit the Kenyan market in the ’60s and ’70s as the economy boomed and consumption rose.

How their makers won over the buying class. Some of these products have stood the test of time and continue to thrive, yet others fell by the wayside.

The High Fidelity Studios, owned by Peter Colmore and Stephen Ndesanjo, produced some of the finest commercials of the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. Kenya Breweries, East African Industries, and Bata Shoe Company were the industrial giants that fought for the hearts and minds of consumers.Some of these products have stood the test of time and continue to thrive, yet others fell by the wayside.

Other related posts:

https://thesandymonocle.wordpress.com/2013/05/16/dusty-rhodes-and-castles-of-sand/

https://thesandymonocle.wordpress.com/2013/02/04/africa-botswana-batwing-zulu-and-ndebele/

More on CBS here as well:

https://thesandymonocle.wordpress.com/2013/04/17/babe/

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48 Responses to Spinning The Music (Part 2)

  1. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Pittman_(media_executive)
    Robert Warren “Bob” Pittman (born 28 December 1953), is an American businessman and the founder of MTV.[1] On October 2, 2011, Pittman was named CEO of Clear Channel Communications.[2] Pittman has also been the CEO of MTV Networks, AOL, Six Flags Theme Parks, Quantum Media, Century 21 Real Estate and Time Warner Enterprises, and COO of America Online, Inc. and AOL Time Warner.

    He has also been a radio and TV programmer, marketer, investor and media entrepreneur who has had multiple careers in a number of consumer-focused industries. According to Sean Parker, Pittman is the only media mogul who’s genuinely an entrepreneur.

    Early lifeSon of a Methodist minister, Pittman was born in Jackson, Mississippi, but raised in Brookhaven and became a radio announcer at the age of 15 to earn money for flying lessons.[3] He was an announcer in a number of cities and then successfully programmed radio stations in Pittsburgh, Chicago and finally at the NBC flagship station, WNBC, in New York when he was 23 years old. He also produced and co-hosted a music video and news show in 1978 that ran on NBC’s O&O television stations. He did learn to fly, and has been a pilot for almost 40 years: He now has over 5,000 flight hours; currently holds an Airline Transport Pilot’s license for airplanes; and is rated for helicopters and 3 types of jets.

    [edit] MTV YearsAt MTV, he oversaw the creation and growth of MTV and the transition of Nickelodeon from a network geared to preschoolers to one aimed at older kids as well as overseeing the launches of VH-1 and Nick at Nite, and led the initial public offering for MTV Networks and its expansion into international markets.[4] Under Pittman’s leadership, MTV became the first profitable cable network; then-Time Warner Co-Chairman and Co-Chief Executive Officer Steve Ross also noted that MTV became the most profitable basic cable network during Pittman’s tenure there.[5] For his development of the MTV brand, Advertising Age selected Pittman in 2010 as one of the ten most influential marketers who transformed American Culture.[6]

    [edit] Quantum Media and Time WarnerAfter MTV, Pittman founded Quantum Media with MCA (one of the company’s ventures was the Morton Downey Jr. show, an early television shock talk show), and in 1989, he bought out MCA, sold the assets to Warner Communications and became senior advisor to Warner Communications CEO Steve Ross just as Warner was merging with Time Inc. to create Time Warner.[7] In 1990, Pittman was appointed President and CEO of Time Warner Enterprises, the new business group of Time Warner, and in 1991 became Chairman and CEO of Six Flags Theme Parks where his team oversaw the revitalization of the of the Six Flags brand, taking attendance from 17 million to 25 million using a “classic second-place strategy” with their “Bigger than Disneyland, closer to home” positioning of the brand.[8]

    [edit] Century 21 Real EstateAfter Pittman led a process that led to Time Warner selling a controlling interest in Six Flags to Boston Ventures in 1995, he left to join Century 21 Real Estate as CEO. Pittman and his team grew Century 21 Real Estate through a strategy which included brand-building and national marketing, a new franchise sales organization, and the early adoption of the Internet as a lead-generating tool.

    [edit] America Online and AOL Time WarnerWhile at Century 21, Pittman met Steve Case and joined the board of directors of America Online, Inc.; he joined the company as president of AOL Networks in 1996 and later became President and COO of America Online Inc. While at AOL, Pittman led the operating team that moved AOL from 6 million members to over 30 million; took the company profitable; introduced mass market advertising as a revenue source; and continued the mission of making the Internet as easy for consumers to use as the telephone or television. The company’s most memorable ad of that time had the tagline “America Online: So Easy To Use, No Wonder It’s Number One”. After AOL merged with Time Warner in 2001, Pittman became the Co-COO (and eventually COO) of the combined AOL Time Warner before leaving the company in 2002.[9]

    [edit] Pilot GroupPittman joined a number of his longtime operating team colleagues when he co-founded Pilot Group LLC, a private investment firm based New York in 2003. Pilot and its members have controlling investments in Thrillist, Barrington Broadcasting, Double O Radio, North American Membership Group, Tasting Table[10], Tequila Casa Dragones [11] and also have stakes in companies including David’s Bridal, Next New Networks, Rapleaf and TrialPay.

    Pilot Group previously sold investments that include Stereogum and IdealBite, and in August 2008, Pilot Group sold DailyCandy, its initial investment, to Comcast for a reported $125 million.[12][13] In January 2010, International market-research firm Ipsos acquired OTX Research from Pilot.[14]

    [edit] Clear Channel Media Holdings, Inc.In November 2010, Pittman took on the role of Chairman of Media and Entertainment Platforms for Clear Channel and made a personal equity investment in the Company. In this role, Pittman worked to leverage the Company’s media assets and spearhead the further development of a digital strategy for Clear Channel Radio, particularly with regard to its New iHeartRadio digital radio product. Pittman also played a pivotal role in developing the iHeartRadio Music Festival, the biggest live concert festival in radio history, the first of which took place in Las Vegas on September 23–24, 2011.[15]

    On October 2, 2011, Pittman was named Chief Executive Officer of CC Media Holdings, Inc. He also joined the Board of Directors of CC Media Holdings, Inc. and Clear Channel Communications, Inc.and the Board of Directors of Clear Channel Outdoor Holdings, Inc. as its Executive Chairman. In this role, Pittman oversees all of the company’s global media properties including broadcast, digital and mobile, syndication, media representation and Outdoor.

    In conjunction with this position, Pittman also maintains his role as Founding Member of Pilot Group and continues his activities as a venture investor; in an indication of his continued interest in emerging technologies and businesses, he also serves on the board of live social video company Airtime. With his return to radio, Huffington Post’s media business expert Charles Warner dubbed him “best radio programmer ever”[16] and in 2011 he was ranked by Radio Ink magazine as the “Most Powerful Man in Radio.” “Never before has anyone taken the number one slot on the list in their inaugural year,” stated Radio Ink Publisher/CEO B. Eric Rhoads.[17] Pittman retained that designation in 2012.

    [edit] Recent yearsPittman is a philanthropist, building community and philanthropic projects into businesses he managed from Live Aid at MTV to educational efforts using the Internet at AOL. He is former chairman of the non-profit Robin Hood Foundation, which fights poverty in New York City, and former chairman of the New York Public Theater, and still serves on both boards. He is also on the boards of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, the Alliance for Lupus Research and the New York City Ballet. He is a former board member of Electronic Arts, Atari Games, Excite, 3DO, MTV Networks, America Online, HFS/Cendant/Realogy, NYU Medical Center, and AOL Time Warner.

    [edit] Awards and honorsPittman’s many honors include: Robert F. Kennedy Memorial’s 2000 “Ripple of Hope Award”[18] for his commitment to civic and community affairs and his contributions to the advancement of education; induction into the Broadcasting and Cable Hall of Fame in 1999; Cablevision Magazine’s “20/20 Vision” award for the 20 people who have had the greatest impact on the cable industry; selection as one of Advertising Age’s “10 Marketers Who Changed American Culture” and “50 Pioneers and Visionaries of TV” and recognition as one of Business Week magazine’s Top 25 Executives of 1998. He was also named one of Life Magazine’s “Five Original Thinkers of the ’80s”; recognized as the eighth of Life Magazine’s “50 Most Influential Boomers”; included in Time Magazine’s 1984 Man-of-the-Year issue “Seven Others who Succeeded”; named Success Magazine’s “Pioneer of the New American Start-Up” in 1989; received the 1986 White House Conference on Small Business Award for Entrepreneurial Excellence and the 1984 Council of Fashion Designers of America award; Performance Magazine’s 1982 “Innovator of the Year” award for his work developing MTV and Billboard Magazine’s “Radio Program Manager of the Year” in 1977. He also received the American Academy of Achievement’s Golden Plate award; International Teleproduction Society’s Lifetime Achievement International Monitor Award and The President’s Award and an Honorary Doctorate from Bank Street College of Education the school’s highest honor for his many contributions to the advancement of education.

    [edit] Personal lifePittman married Sandy Hill, a merchandise editor at Mademoiselle and mountaineer, in July 1979; they divorced in 1997. They have one son.[19] He married Veronique Choa, a graphic designer, in 1997; they have two children.

    [edit] References^ New York Times coverage of Robert W. Pittman
    ^ Smith, Ethan (October 3, 2011). “Pittman to Run Clear Channel”. The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204612504576607310410863734.html.
    ^ Marr, Merissa (October 15, 2012). “Pittman Envisions New Life for Radio”. The Wall Street Journal: pp. B1, B4. http://professional.wsj.com/article/SB10000872396390444657804578048623456295566.html?mod=ITP_marketplace_0&mg=reno-wsj. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
    ^ CNN coverage of Pittman
    ^ New York Times, op cit
    ^ Advertising Age, 10 Marketers Who Transformed American Culture
    ^ Businessweek coverage of Pittman’s ventures
    ^ [1]
    ^ New York Times, op cit
    ^ Landman, Beth. “MTV Founder Bob Pittman Launches Tasting Table Today”. New York Magazine. http://newyork.grubstreet.com/2008/10/mtv_founder_bob_pittman_launch.html. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
    ^ http://www.inc.com/magazine/20091201/entrepreneurs-in-the-news.html
    ^ Comcast Sets Deal to Buy Daily Candy
    ^ Comcast to Buy Daily Candy for $125 Million
    ^ http://www.businessweek.com/news/2010-04-05/ipsos-weighs-sizable-acquisitions-in-developed-markets.html
    ^ “Breaking News”. USA Today. September 23, 2011. http://www.usatoday.com/life/music/news/story/2011-09-22/take-5-i-heart-radio-music-festival-beatles-miles-davis/50494628/1.
    ^ Warner, Charles (March 23, 2011). “Bob Pittman Is Just What Radio Needs”. Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/charles-warner/bob-pittman-is-just-what_b_785339.html.
    ^ [2]
    ^ “AOL’s Bob Pittman to Receive Ripple of Hope Award; Mrs. Robert Kennedy to Present Award at New York Gala.” U.S. Newswire. US Newswire. 2000. Retrieved September 22, 2009 from HighBeam Research: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-18885525.html
    ^ Gross, Michael, “The Couple of the Minute: Doing good with Bob and Sandy Pittman”, New York Magazine, July 30, 1990
    [edit] External links”AOL banks on new CEO Pittman’s Midas touch”
    Buzzco & MTV. From Frederator Blogs September 2, 2007
    Bob Pittman. From Frederator Blogs September 5, 2006
    The museum of broadcast communications
    Media Megadeal: The Cultures; A Bridge Builder For Corporate Culture
    “Robert Pittman Begins a New Music Channel”
    “Comcast to Buy Daily Candy for $125 Million”
    “Comcast Sets Deal to Buy Daily Candy”
    A Guide To New Food Sites
    “What Will Stimulate Spending? Advertising!”
    “10th Anniversary of the AOL-Time Warner Merger”
    “Bob Pittman, Joe Einhorn, and Justin Shaffer”
    “Invierte en agave creador de MTV”
    “Tasting Table Is The Daily Candy For Foodies”
    “10 Marketers Who Transformed American Culture”
    “Forget Pandora, Will Clear Channel Crush Sirius?”
    [hide]v · t · e Clear Channel Communications, Inc.

    Corporate officers Bob Pittman (CEO, CC Media Holdings, Inc.) · John Hogan (Chairman/CEO, Clear Channel Media and Entertainment)

    Board of directors Lowry Mays (Chairman) · Irving Azoff · B. J. “Red” McCombs · J. C. Watts · John H. Williams

    Radio stations List of broadcast stations owned by Clear Channel

    Radio networks Australian Radio Network (50%) · Fox Sports Radio · Metro Networks · Premiere Networks · Premium Choice · Shadow Traffic · Total Traffic Network

    Miscellaneous Clear Channel Outdoor · Clear Channel UK · iHeartRadio

    Persondata
    Name Pittman, Robert W.
    Alternative names
    Short description
    Date of birth 1953-12-28
    Place of birth Jackson, Mississippi, USA
    Date of death
    Place of death

    Retrieved from “http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robert_Pittman_(media_executive)&oldid=526582412”
    Categories: 1953 birthsLiving peopleAmerican businesspeopleAmerican business executivesAmerican MethodistsAmerican philanthropistsPeople from Brookhaven, MississippiPeople from Jackson, MississippiAmerican corporate directorsAOL peopleHidden categories: Articles with hCardsPersondata templates without short description parameter.

    Robert W. “Bob” Pittman

    Pittman on July 20, 2011
    Born (1953-12-28) December 28, 1953 (age 58)
    Jackson, Mississippi, USA
    Nationality USA
    Occupation businessman
    Known for MTV
    Spouse(s) Veronique Choa (graphic designer)1997 – Present

  2. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_Flags_Theme_Parks

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Reid-Anderson

    Jim Reid-Anderson (born 12 April 1959)[1] is the Chairman, President & CEO of Six Flags and was previously a healthcare adviser to both Apollo and the managing board of Siemens AG, a worldwide manufacturer and supplier of electronics and electrical engineering in the industrial, energy and healthcare sectors.
    He was born in Baghdad in 1959[1] but left to Beirut soon after due to the Iraq Revolution. James was educated at Salesian College, Battersea. He obtained an Honours Degree in Commerce from the University of Birmingham in England and is a Fellow of the UK Association of Chartered Certified Accountants. He is married, with four children.[citation needed]

    [edit] CareerReid-Anderson joined Dade Behring Holdings Inc, a company which manufactured testing machinery and supplies for the medical diagnostics industry, in 1996 as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (CFO) and became Chief Administrative Officer and CFO in September 1997. In April 1999, he was promoted to the role of President and Chief Operating Officer and then CEO in September 2000. He was elected as the Chairman of the Board in October 2002.

    In 2005 he was a finalist in the Smart Business Chicago Entrepreneur of the Year awards [2] and was later named in the British Sunday Times as the 22nd most influential Briton in the U.S.[3]

    In 2007 Dade Behring was acquired by the German conglomerate Siemens AG.[4] In November 2007 Reid-Anderson became the CEO of Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics and in May 2008 became a member of Siemens AG’s managing board and CEO of Siemens Healthcare Sector. In 2009 he became a director of Stericycle Inc, an Illinois-based waste management company.[5]

    On August 13, 2010, Reid-Anderson was named Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Six Flags.

    XRAY* Radiation*
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siemens

    *Formerly DuPont *
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dade_Behring

  3. Renee says:

    http://www.thepeerage.com/p33134.htm
    Fendall Anderson Reid Currie1
    M, #331331, b. 1904

    Fendall Anderson Reid Currie|b. 1904|p33134.htm#i331331|Fendall James Pears Currie|b. 1 Jan 1867\nd. 1946|p33133.htm#i331328|Christina Anderson|d. Nov 1942|p33133.htm#i331330|Maj.-Gen. Fendall Currie|b. 24 Nov 1841\nd. 4 Dec 1920|p33133.htm#i331325|Susan E. Pears|d. 30 Jun 1868|p33133.htm#i331327|David Anderson||p33133.htm#i331329||||

    Last Edited=21 Jan 2009
    Fendall Anderson Reid Currie was born in 1904.1 He is the son of Fendall James Pears Currie and Christina Anderson.2
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1003. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    [S37] Charles Mosley, Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    Veda Mary Fendall Currie1
    F, #331332, b. 1891

    Veda Mary Fendall Currie|b. 1891|p33134.htm#i331332|Fendall James Pears Currie|b. 1 Jan 1867\nd. 1946|p33133.htm#i331328|Christina Anderson|d. Nov 1942|p33133.htm#i331330|Maj.-Gen. Fendall Currie|b. 24 Nov 1841\nd. 4 Dec 1920|p33133.htm#i331325|Susan E. Pears|d. 30 Jun 1868|p33133.htm#i331327|David Anderson||p33133.htm#i331329||||

    Last Edited=21 Jan 2009
    Veda Mary Fendall Currie was born in 1891.1 She was the daughter of Fendall James Pears Currie and Christina Anderson.2 She married Thomas Scott MacMillan, son of Archibald MacMillan, in 1922.1
    From 1922, her married name became MacMillan.
    Children of Veda Mary Fendall Currie and Thomas Scott MacMillan
    Mary Christina MacMillan2 b. 6 May 1924
    Elizabeth Scott MacMillan2 b. 25 Oct 1925
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1003. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    [S37] Charles Mosley, Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    Archibald MacMillan1
    M, #331333

    Last Edited=21 Jan 2009
    Archibald MacMillan lived at Otago, New Zealand.1
    Child of Archibald MacMillan
    Thomas Scott MacMillan+2
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1003. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    [S37] Charles Mosley, Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    Thomas Scott MacMillan1
    M, #331334

    Thomas Scott MacMillan||p33134.htm#i331334|Archibald MacMillan||p33134.htm#i331333||||||||||||||||

    Last Edited=21 Jan 2009
    Thomas Scott MacMillan is the son of Archibald MacMillan.2 He married Veda Mary Fendall Currie, daughter of Fendall James Pears Currie and Christina Anderson, in 1922.1
    Children of Thomas Scott MacMillan and Veda Mary Fendall Currie
    Mary Christina MacMillan2 b. 6 May 1924
    Elizabeth Scott MacMillan2 b. 25 Oct 1925
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1003. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    [S37] Charles Mosley, Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    Mary Christina MacMillan1
    F, #331335, b. 6 May 1924

    Mary Christina MacMillan|b. 6 May 1924|p33134.htm#i331335|Thomas Scott MacMillan||p33134.htm#i331334|Veda Mary Fendall Currie|b. 1891|p33134.htm#i331332|Archibald MacMillan||p33134.htm#i331333||||Fendall J. P. Currie|b. 1 Jan 1867\nd. 1946|p33133.htm#i331328|Christina Anderson|d. Nov 1942|p33133.htm#i331330|

    Last Edited=14 Jan 2009
    Mary Christina MacMillan was born on 6 May 1924.1 She is the daughter of Thomas Scott MacMillan and Veda Mary Fendall Currie.2
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1003. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    [S37] Charles Mosley, Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

    Elizabeth Scott MacMillan1
    M, #331336, b. 25 October 1925

    Elizabeth Scott MacMillan|b. 25 Oct 1925|p33134.htm#i331336|Thomas Scott MacMillan||p33134.htm#i331334|Veda Mary Fendall Currie|b. 1891|p33134.htm#i331332|Archibald MacMillan||p33134.htm#i331333||||Fendall J. P. Currie|b. 1 Jan 1867\nd. 1946|p33133.htm#i331328|Christina Anderson|d. Nov 1942|p33133.htm#i331330|

    Last Edited=14 Jan 2009
    Elizabeth Scott MacMillan was born on 25 October 1925.1 He is the son of Thomas Scott MacMillan and Veda Mary Fendall Currie.2
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1003. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    [S37] Charles Mosley, Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    Kate ffolliott Fendall Currie1
    F, #331337

    Kate ffolliott Fendall Currie||p33134.htm#i331337|Maj.-Gen. Fendall Currie|b. 24 Nov 1841\nd. 4 Dec 1920|p33133.htm#i331325|Susan Elizabeth Pears|d. 30 Jun 1868|p33133.htm#i331327|Sir Frederick Currie, 1st Bt.|b. 3 Feb 1799\nd. 11 Sep 1875|p33113.htm#i331123|Katherine M. Thompson|d. 30 Jan 1909|p33133.htm#i331322|Reverend James R. Pears||p33133.htm#i331326||||

    Last Edited=21 Jan 2009
    Kate ffolliott Fendall Currie is the daughter of Maj.-Gen. Fendall Currie and Susan Elizabeth Pears.2 She married Lt.-Col. William Rowney on 30 October 1890.1
    From 30 October 1890, her married name became Rowney.1
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1003. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    [S37] Charles Mosley, Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    Lt.-Col. William Rowney1
    M, #331338

    Last Edited=21 Jan 2009
    Lt.-Col. William Rowney married Kate ffolliott Fendall Currie, daughter of Maj.-Gen. Fendall Currie and Susan Elizabeth Pears, on 30 October 1890.1
    He gained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the service of the Royal Army Medical Corps.1 He graduated with a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.).1
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1003. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    John Vandeleur1
    M, #331339, d. 1754

    Last Edited=22 Jan 2009
    John Vandeleur married Francis Ormsby, daughter of John Ormsby. He died in 1754.1
    Children of John Vandeleur and Francis Ormsby
    John Ormsby Vandeleur+1 d. 1777
    Crofton Vandeleur+2
    Citations
    [S47] Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, editor, Burke’s Irish Family Records (London, U.K.: Burkes Peerage Ltd, 1976), page 1161. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Irish Family Records.
    [S47] Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, Burke’s Irish Family Records, page 1162.
    Frederick Pole Buller1
    M, #331340

    Last Edited=21 Jan 2009
    Frederick Pole Buller was in the Bengal Civil Service.1
    Child of Frederick Pole Buller
    Julia Buller+2 d. 18 Apr 1920

  4. Renee says:

    http://www.thepeerage.com/p19218.htm
    Katharine Louise Reid1
    F, #192171

    Last Edited=21 Oct 2007
    Katharine Louise Reid married Alexander John Peter Creswell, son of Simon Hawkshaw Creswell and Sarah Stanley, on 1 July 1995.1
    From 1 July 1995, her married name became Creswell.1
    Child of Katharine Louise Reid and Alexander John Peter Creswell
    Jocelyn Arthur Creswell2 b. 26 May 1999
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1105. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    [S1732] Martin Wedgwood, “re: Creswell Family,” e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 17 May 2006. Hereinafter cited as “re: Creswell Family.”
    Jocelyn Arthur Creswell1
    M, #192172, b. 26 May 1999

    Jocelyn Arthur Creswell|b. 26 May 1999|p19218.htm#i192172|Alexander John Peter Creswell|b. 21 Jul 1965|p1994.htm#i19931|Katharine Louise Reid||p19218.htm#i192171|Simon H. Creswell|b. 19 Jan 1932\nd. 5 Nov 2005|p1993.htm#i19929|Sarah Stanley|b. 29 Sep 1935|p1393.htm#i13928|||||||

    Last Edited=17 May 2006
    Jocelyn Arthur Creswell was born on 26 May 1999.1 He is the son of Alexander John Peter Creswell and Katharine Louise Reid.1
    Citations
    [S1732] Martin Wedgwood, “re: Creswell Family,” e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 17 May 2006. Hereinafter cited as “re: Creswell Family.”
    Major John Hewgill Anderson Bryden1
    M, #192173

    Major John Hewgill Anderson Bryden||p19218.htm#i192173|Colonel Ronald Anderson Bryden||p19218.htm#i192176||||||||||||||||

    Last Edited=18 May 2006
    Major John Hewgill Anderson Bryden is the son of Colonel Ronald Anderson Bryden.1 He married Dorothy Anne Going, daughter of Reverend Claude Arthur Hedley Going, on 2 February 1954.1
    He gained the rank of Major in the service of the Royal Army Pay Corps.1
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 602. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    Jane Baillie1
    F, #192174, d. 18 May 1889

    Jane Baillie|d. 18 May 1889|p19218.htm#i192174|Peter Baillie of Dochfour|d. 1812|p5525.htm#i55247|Elizabeth Pinney||p5525.htm#i55248|Evan Baillie of Dochfour|d. a 1812|p19217.htm#i192167|Mary Gurley||p19217.htm#i192169|John Pinney||p5525.htm#i55249||||

    Last Edited=23 Mar 2010
    Jane Baillie was the daughter of Peter Baillie of Dochfour and Elizabeth Pinney.1 She married Rev. Hon. Baptist Wriothesley Noel, son of Sir Gerard Noel Noel, 2nd Bt. and Diana Middleton, Baroness Barham, on 17 October 1826.1 She died on 18 May 1889.1
    From 17 October 1826, her married name became Noel.
    Children of Jane Baillie and Rev. Hon. Baptist Wriothesley Noel
    Mary Jane Noel+2 d. May 1887
    Emily Elizabeth Noel+2 d. 3 Oct 1890
    Gertrude Noel+2 d. 26 Feb 1858
    Edith Louisa Noel2 d. 30 Nov 1940
    Wriothesley Baptist Noel+2 b. 15 Aug 1827, d. 19 May 1886
    Ernest Noel2 b. 18 Aug 1831, d. 20 May 1931
    Albert Leland Noel+2 b. 4 Nov 1835, d. 27 Sep 1916
    Eugene Frederick Noel+2 b. 18 Sep 1839, d. 12 Apr 1918
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 599. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    [S37] Charles Mosley, Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    unknown Pole1
    F, #192175

    unknown Pole||p19218.htm#i192175|Richard Pole||p29825.htm#i298243||||||||||||||||

    Last Edited=27 Jun 2008
    unknown Pole is the daughter of Richard Pole.1 She married James Noel.1
    Her married name became Noel.1
    Children of unknown Pole and James Noel
    Andrew Noel+1
    Robert Noel1
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 2, page 1503. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

    Colonel Ronald Anderson Bryden1
    M, #192176

    Last Edited=18 May 2006
    Colonel Ronald Anderson Bryden gained the rank of Colonel in the service of the Royal Army Medical Corps.1 He was decorated with the award of the Companion, Distinguished Service Order (D.S.O.).1
    Child of Colonel Ronald Anderson Bryden
    Major John Hewgill Anderson Bryden1
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 602. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    Helen Alison Baty1
    F, #192177

    Helen Alison Baty||p19218.htm#i192177|William Leslie Baty||p22964.htm#i229638||||||||||||||||

    Last Edited=18 May 2006
    Helen Alison Baty is the daughter of William Leslie Baty.1 She married Neville Craig Stopford, son of Wyndham Horace Stopford and May Craig, on 9 February 1963.1
    Helen Alison Baty usually went by her middle name of Alison.1 From 9 February 1963, her married name became Stopford.1
    Children of Helen Alison Baty and Neville Craig Stopford
    Wyndham Leslie Stopford1 b. 17 Sep 1965
    Angus Craig Stopford+1 b. 26 May 1967
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 924. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    Wyndham Leslie Stopford1
    M, #192178, b. 17 September 1965

    Wyndham Leslie Stopford|b. 17 Sep 1965|p19218.htm#i192178|Neville Craig Stopford|b. 2 Jul 1932|p3790.htm#i37891|Helen Alison Baty||p19218.htm#i192177|Wyndham H. Stopford|b. 15 Aug 1904\nd. 1984|p3789.htm#i37888|May Craig|d. Aug 1967|p3789.htm#i37889|William L. Baty||p22964.htm#i229638||||

    Last Edited=18 May 2006
    Wyndham Leslie Stopford was born on 17 September 1965.1 He is the son of Neville Craig Stopford and Helen Alison Baty.1
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 924. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    Angus Craig Stopford1
    M, #192179, b. 26 May 1967

    Angus Craig Stopford|b. 26 May 1967|p19218.htm#i192179|Neville Craig Stopford|b. 2 Jul 1932|p3790.htm#i37891|Helen Alison Baty||p19218.htm#i192177|Wyndham H. Stopford|b. 15 Aug 1904\nd. 1984|p3789.htm#i37888|May Craig|d. Aug 1967|p3789.htm#i37889|William L. Baty||p22964.htm#i229638||||

    Last Edited=18 May 2006
    Angus Craig Stopford was born on 26 May 1967.1 He is the son of Neville Craig Stopford and Helen Alison Baty.1 He married Jeanine Catherine Daly, daughter of John Whitfield Daly.2
    Children of Angus Craig Stopford and Jeanine Catherine Daly
    Wyndham-John Daly Stopford2
    Una Catherine Daly Stopford2
    Robin Cuthbert Stopford2 b. 2005
    Citations
    [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 924. Hereinafter cited as Burke’s Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
    [S1733] Jeannine Daly, “re: Stopford Family,” e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 18 May 2006. Hereinafter cited as “re: Stopford Family.”
    Jeanine Catherine Daly1
    F, #192180

    Jeanine Catherine Daly||p19218.htm#i192180|John Whitfield Daly||p19219.htm#i192181||||||||||||||||

    Last Edited=18 May 2006
    Jeanine Catherine Daly is the daughter of John Whitfield Daly.1 She married Angus Craig Stopford, son of Neville Craig Stopford and Helen Alison Baty.1
    Children of Jeanine Catherine Daly and Angus Craig Stopford
    Wyndham-John Daly Stopford1
    Una Catherine Daly Stopford1
    Robin Cuthbert Stopford1 b. 2005
    Citations
    [S1733] Jeannine Daly, “re: Stopford Family,” e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 18 May 2006. Hereinafter cited as “re: Stopford Family.”

    • Renee says:

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_E._Disney

      Patricia Ann Dailey
      (1955–2007; divorced),

      Leslie DeMeuse-Disney (2008–2009; his death)
      Children 4
      Parents Edna (née Francis),
      Roy Oliver Disney
      Family Walt Disney (uncle)

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adnan_Khashoggi
      Adnan Khashoggi (Arabic: عدنان خاشقجي‎, IPA: [ʕædˈnæːn xæːˈʃuqdʒiː]; born 25 July 1935) is a Saudi Arabian arms-dealer and businessman. He is also noted for his engagements with high society in both the Western and Arabic-speaking worlds, and for his involvement in the Iran–Contra and Lockheed bribery scandals. At a peak net worth of up to $4 billion USD in the early 1980s, he was considered one of the richest men in the world.
      Khashoggi was born in Mecca, the son of Muhammad Khashoggi, who was King Abdul Aziz Al Saud’s personal doctor. His family is of Turkish ancestry.[3] The family moved from the Iberian Peninsula and settled in Saudi Arabia. Adnan Khashoggi’s sister Samira Khashoggi Fayed married Mohammed Al-Fayed and was the mother of Dodi Fayed.[3] Another sister, Soheir Khashoggi, is a well-known Arab writer (Mirage, Nadia’s Song, Mosaic).[4]

      Khashoggi was educated at Victoria College in Alexandria, Egypt, and American Universities:California State University, Chico, Ohio State University, and Stanford University. Khashoggi later left his studies in order to seek his fortune in business.

      Iran–Contra affairHe was implicated in the Iran–Contra affair as a key middleman in the arms-for-hostages exchange along with Iranian arms dealer Manucher Ghorbanifar and, in a complex series of events, was found to have borrowed money for these arms purchases from the now-bankrupt financial institution the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) with Saudi and US backing. In 1988, Khashoggi was arrested in Switzerland, accused of concealing funds, held for three months and then extradited to the United States where he was released on bail and subsequently acquitted. In 1990, a United States federal jury in Manhattan acquitted Khashoggi and Imelda Marcos, widow of the exiled Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos, of racketeering and fraud.[6]

      [edit] Genesis Intermedia insolvencyKhashoggi, along with Ramy El-Batrawi, was the principal financier behind GenesisIntermedia, Inc. (formerly NASDAQ: GENI), a publicly traded Internet company based in Southern California. After the September 11 attacks, Khashoggi’s U.S.-based checking accounts were frozen and Khashoggi was unable to make a margin call with Native Nations Securities, whose CEO and largest shareholder, at the time, was Valerie Red-Horse, former office manager of junk bond king Michael Milken. In turn, Native Nations and Red Horse were unable to meet their obligations on the margin loan to MJK Clearing, Inc.[7][8] Trading in the stock of GenesisIntermedia was halted in September 2001. Khashoggi’s unwillingness to pay his margin loan to Native Nations Securities, and Native Nations (and Red Horse’s) inability to pay its debts to MJK Clearing, began a series of bankruptcies that ended in the largest payout in Securities Investor Protection Corporation history.[9][10] Native Nations Securities and MJK Clearing both eventually filed for bankruptcy.[11]

      [edit] Personal lifeIn the 1960s he married 20-year old Englishwoman Sandra Daly (Sandra Patricia Jarvis-Daly) who converted to Islam and took the name Soraya Khashoggi.[12] They raised one daughter (Nabila) and four sons together (Mohammed, Khalid, Hussein, and Omar).[13]

      His second wife, the Italian Laura Biancolini, also converted to Islam and changed her name to Lamia Khashoggi. She was only seventeen when she met Adnan and gave him in 1980 another son, Ali.[13]

      In the 1980s the Khashoggi family occupied one of the largest villa estates in Marbella, Spain, called Baraka, hosting lavish parties usually arranged by Marbella’s “Monroe’s” club proprietor and local celebrity Robert Young (born Robert Parkes UK 1953). These parties were legendary, and guests included film stars, politicians, and pop celebrities. Food was supplied by up to 6 resident chefs, and it is said that champagne was kept in specially cooled trailers parked in the vast grounds of the complex.[14][15]

      In 1985, celebrity reporter Robin Leach declared a birthday party in Vienna that Khashoggi threw for his eldest son to be “the most extravagant event in European history.”[16]

      DNA testing in 1999 confirmed that Petrina Khashoggi, who was born shortly after Adnan divorced her mother,[17] was in fact biologically not his, but Jonathan Aitken’s and Soraya’s child.[18]

      Khashoggi continues to live a quiet life in the Principality of Monaco, even after a British court ordered him to pay £7 million to a creditor. His services as a facilitator have been a recurring feature throughout US administrations since Nixon; most recently, he met Richard Perle shortly before the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Contra_affair

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lockheed_bribery_scandals

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tower_Commission
      Commissioned on November 26, 1986 by American President Ronald Reagan, the Tower Commission was in response to the Iran Contra scandal. Taking effect on December 1, Reagan appointed Republican and former Senator John Tower of Texas, former Secretary of State Edmund Muskie, and former National Security Advisor Brent Scowcroft.

      The commission’s report “held Reagan accountable for a lax managerial style and aloofness from policy detail.”[1]

      Oliver North, John Poindexter, Caspar Weinberger, and others were also implicated.

      A major result of the Tower Commission was the consensus that Reagan should have listened to his National Security Advisor more, thereby placing more power in the hands of that chair. The National Security Advisor was to be seen as an “honest broker” and not someone who would use his position to further his political agenda.

      Summarised, the main findings showed that “Using the Contras as a front, and against international law, and US law, weapons were sold, using Israel as intermediaries, to Iran, during the brutal Iran-Iraq war. The US was also supplying weapons to Iraq, including ingredients for nerve gas, mustard gas and other chemical weapons.”[2]

      [edit] Further readingSee Chapter 5, “The Politics of Scandal: The Tower Commission and Iran-Contra,” in Kenneth Kitts, *Presidential Commissions and National Security (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2006). The Great War for Civilisation, The Conquest of the Middle East; Robert Fisk

      [edit] References^ Busby, Robert (2010-02-03) The scandal that almost destroyed Ronald Reagan, Salon.com
      ^ Tower Commission report

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonathan_Aitken
      Jonathan William Patrick Aitken (born 30 August 1942) is a former Conservative Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom for 24 years, and a former British government Cabinet minister. He was convicted of perjury in 1999 and received an 18-month prison sentence, of which he served seven months. He is currently president of Christian Solidarity Worldwide.

      Aitken’s parents were Sir William Aitken, a former Conservative MP, and Penelope Aitken, daughter of John Maffey, 1st Baron Rugby. Aitken is a great-nephew of newspaper magnate and war-time minister Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook (Lord Beaverbrook). His sister is the actress Maria Aitken and his nephew is the actor Jack Davenport. He is godfather to James Abbott, the son of Labour left-winger Diane Abbott.[1]

      In 1999, DNA testing confirmed that Petrina Khashoggi, daughter of billionaire arms dealer Adnan Khashoggi, was Aitken’s biological child, the result of an affair with Soraya Khashoggi, née Sandra Daly, then wife of Adnan Khashoggi.[2] His other children include twin daughters, Alexandra and Victoria Aitken,[2] as well as his son William Aitken.

      Jonathan Aitken
      Chief Secretary to the Treasury
      In office
      20 July 1994 – 5 July 1995
      Prime Minister John Major
      Preceded by Michael Portillo
      Succeeded by William Waldegrave
      Member of Parliament
      for South Thanet
      In office
      9 June 1983 – 1 May 1997
      Preceded by Constituency established
      Succeeded by Stephen Ladyman
      Member of Parliament
      for Thanet East
      In office
      28 February 1974 – 9 June 1983
      Preceded by Constituency established
      Succeeded by Constituency abolished
      Personal details
      Born (1942-08-30) 30 August 1942 (age 70)
      Dublin, Ireland
      Political party UK Independence Party (2004- )
      Conservative (Until 2004)
      Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford
      Wycliffe Hall, Oxford
      Religion Anglicanism

      • Renee says:

        Iran Contra ?
        http://www.project.nsearch.com/profiles/blogs/gene-chip-tatum-admits-he-shot-down-senator-tower-s-airplane

        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Tower
        United States Senator
        from Texas
        In office
        June 15, 1961 – January 3, 1985
        Preceded by William A. Blakley
        Succeeded by Phil Gramm
        Personal details
        Born John Goodwin Tower
        (1925-09-29)September 29, 1925
        Houston, Texas, U.S.
        Died April 5, 1991(1991-04-05) (aged 65)
        Brunswick, Georgia, U.S.
        Resting place Sparkman-Hillcrest Memorial Park Cemetery
        Dallas, Texas

        Political party Republican
        Spouse(s) Lou Bullington (1952–1976)
        Lilla Burt Cummings (1977–1987)
        Profession Professor; consultant
        Religion Methodist
        Military service
        Service/branch United States Navy
        United States Navy Reserve

        Years of service 1943-1989
        Rank Master Chief Petty Officer
        Battles/wars World War II
        Pacific theater

        John and Lou Tower had three children during their years in Wichita Falls born in three consecutive years: Penny (1954), Marian (1955), and Jeanne (1956). The couple divorced in 1976.

        During this same period, Tower established his core political relationships, which were managed in Wichita Falls by Pierce Langford, III, a key figure in the financing of the British offshore pirate radio stations that were created by Don Pierson of Eastland, Texas, between 1964 and 1967. Tower put in an appearance at the offices of Swinging Radio England on Curzon Street in London.

        Following his divorce from Lou, who remained single for the remainder of her life, Tower married Lilla Burt Cummings in 1977. The couple separated in 1985 and filed divorce papers on July 2, 1986.

        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tower_Commission

  5. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diane_Abbott
    Abbott was born to Jamaican immigrants in London in 1953. Her father was a welder and her mother a nurse.[5] She attended Harrow County Grammar School for Girls, and then Newnham College, Cambridge, where she read history.[6] At Cambridge, she was tutored by historian Simon Schama.[7] After university she became an administration trainee at the Home Office (1976 to 1978), and then a Race Relations Officer at the National Council for Civil Liberties (1978 to 1980).[8] Abbott was a researcher and reporter at Thames Television from 1980 to 1983 and then a researcher and reporter at the breakfast television company TV-am from 1983 to 1985. Abbott was a press officer at the Greater London Council under Ken Livingstone from 1985 to 1986 and Head of Press and Public Relations at Lambeth Council from 1986 to 1987.[8]

    Political careerAbbott’s career in politics began in 1982 when she was elected to Westminster City Council serving until 1986. In 1987 she was elected to the House of Commons, replacing the deselected serving Labour MP Ernest Roberts as MP for Hackney North & Stoke Newington. Along with Keith Vaz, Bernie Grant and Paul Boateng she became part of the first black and Asian intake in Parliament for almost 100 years.

    Abbott has a record of differing from some party policies, voting against the Iraq war, opposing ID cards and campaigning against the renewal of Britain’s Trident nuclear weapons.[9] She has been seen as a “maverick, a free-thinker, willing to rebel against the party machine”.[10]

    Abbott’s speech on civil liberties, in the debate on the Counter-Terrorism Bill 2008[11] won The Spectator magazine’s “Parliamentary Speech of the Year” award[12] and further recognition at the 2008 Human Rights awards.[13]

    Abbott has served on a number of parliamentary committees on social and international issues. For most of the 1990s she also served on the Treasury Select Committee of the House of Commons.[14] She went on to serve on the Foreign Affairs Select Committee.[14]

    Abbott chairs the All-Party Parliamentary British-Caribbean Group and the All-Party Sickle Cell and Thalassemia Group.[14]

    Abbott is founder of the London Schools and the Black Child initiative, which aims to raise educational achievement levels amongst black children.[15]

    In May 2010, she was re-elected in her constituency of Hackney North and Stoke Newington, with a doubled majority on an increased turn-out.[16]

    2010 Labour Party leadership election and frontbench roleMain article: Labour Party (UK) leadership election, 2010
    On 20 May 2010 Abbott announced her intention to stand in the Labour leadership contest. She secured the necessary 33 nominations by 9 June, assisted by the withdrawal of fellow left-wing candidate John McDonnell and unexpected support from fellow candidate David Miliband.[17][18][19] On Saturday 25 September 2010, Ed Miliband was announced as the new leader of the Labour Party with Abbott eliminated in the first round of voting after securing 7.24% of votes.[2]

    Abbott was later appointed Shadow Minister for Public Health by Ed Miliband, taking shadow responsibility for a range of issues including children’s health, maternity services, sexual health, tobacco, nursing, obesity and alcohol abuse.[20]

    On the issue of abortion, Abbott has become a vocal ‘pro-choice’ supporter, opposing moves towards changing abortion counselling policy, and reducing the abortion time limit. Abbott resigned from a cross-party group on abortion counselling saying it was no more than a front to push forward a anti-abortion agenda without debate in parliament.[21]

    Following her move onto the front-bench, the Telegraph said on 27 September 2011 that Abbott had “become one of Labour’s best front bench performers”.[22]

    Media workAbbott has built up a high profile within the media.[10]

    Until her appointment as a shadow minister in October 2010, Abbott appeared alongside former Conservative politician and media personality Michael Portillo on the BBC’s weekly politics digest This Week. Abbott and Portillo have known each other since school, when they appeared in joint school productions of Romeo and Juliet (although not in the title roles), and of Macbeth as Lady Macduff and Macduff respectively.[23]

    In August 2012 the BBC Trust ruled that payments to Abbott for her appearances on This Week were made in breach of BBC guidelines that banned payments to MPs who were representing their political parties. Abbott had correctly declared the payments in the Register of Members’ Interests. The Trust also said that Abbott had appeared on the show too often.[24]

    Abbott is a frequent public speaker,[25] newspaper contributor[26] and TV performer, appearing on programmes such as Have I Got News For You, Celebrity Come Dine with Me[27] and Cash in the Celebrity Attic.[28]

    Political controversiesThe education of Abbott’s sonAbbott’s decision in 2003 to send her son to the private City of London School, which she herself described as “indefensible” and “intellectually incoherent”, caused controversy and criticism.[29][30][31][32] This issue was discussed in the media during Abbott’s 2010 bid to become leader of the Labour Party and Andrew Neil questioned her on the issue on This Week.[33]

    Her son contacted a radio phone-in to say that his mother was following his own wishes: “She’s not a hypocrite, she just put what I wanted first instead of what people thought,” he told LBC. He added that he had wanted to go private rather than attend a local state school in Abbott’s Hackney constituency.[34][35][36]

    Failure to declare earningsIn 2004, following a complaint made by Andrew Rosindell MP, Abbott was investigated by the Committee on Standards and Privileges regarding payment she had received from the BBC. They found she had failed to declare earnings of £17,300 on the Register of Members’ Interests which had been received for appearances on the television programme This Week. The Committee upheld the complaint and required Abbott to apologise to the House.[37]

    Race commentsIn 1988 Abbott claimed, at a black studies conference in Philadelphia, that “the British invented racism.”[38][39][40]

    In 1996, Abbott attracted widespread criticism when she claimed that at her local hospital “blonde, blue-eyed Finnish girls” were unsuitable as nurses because they had “never met a black person before”.[41] The secretary of the all-party Finland group of MPs, Conservative Ian Bruce responded by accusing her of using racial stereotypes, adding: “All Scandinavian countries have people from African and Caribbean countries living there. It shows ignorance to make such remarks.”[42]

    Abbott referred to David Cameron and Nick Clegg as “two posh white boys from the Home Counties” in May 2010.[43]

    On 4 January 2012, Abbott tweeted that: “White people love playing ‘divide and rule’ We should not play their game”, which again led to widespread criticism including accusations of racism.[44] Only after being told by the Labour Party leadership that the comment was unacceptable did she apologise for “any offence caused”, claiming that she had not intended to “make generalisations about white people”.[45][46] The Deputy Prime Minister called her comments a “stupid and crass generalisation”. Nadhim Zahawi, Conservative MP, said: “This is racism. If this was a white member of Parliament saying that all black people want to do bad things to us he would have resigned within the hour or been sacked.”[47] Members of the public lodged complaints but the Metropolitan Police stated that no investigation would be launched and no charges would be brought against her, saying she “did not commit a criminal offence”.[48][49]

    In January 2012 Abbott suggested that taxi drivers discriminate on racial grounds tweeting that she was “Dubious of [sic] black people claiming they’ve never experienced racism. Ever tried hailing a taxi I always wonder?” [50]

    Personal lifeAbbott married David Thompson, a Ghanaian architect, in 1991; they divorced in 1993. They had one son together.[5][51] Abbott chose her Conservative MP voting pair, Jonathan Aitken, as her son’s godfather.[52]

    In 2007, Abbott began learning the piano under the tutelage of Paul Roberts, Professor of Piano at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama, for the TV programme Play It Again.[53] She performed Chopin’s Prelude No. 4 in E minor before an audience.

    hummm…
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbott_Laboratories

  6. Renee says:

    WVON and Jesse Jackson ?
    Another Jackson

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janet_Jackson
    Engaged now to Janet
    http://www.celebritynetworth.com/richest-businessmen/business-executives/wissam-al-mana-net-worth/
    Wissam Al Mana is businessman with a net worth of $1 billion. Wissam Al Mana has built his net worth as managing director of Al Mana Retail, and is one of the richest investors in the Middle East. He is a shareholder in the Saks Fifth Avenue stores in Dubai, Doha, Bahrain and Kuwait. Al-Mana’s company, Al Mana Luxury Company represents A/X Armani Exchange and other luxury brands. Armani Exchange has 185 stores in 26 countries. Armani announced that a flagship A/X Exchange will open in Qatar’s Villagio Shopping Mall. He is currently dating superstar Janet Jackson.

    http://www.almanagroup.com/Al-Mana-Maples-W.L.L.html
    02- Subsidiaries
    Al Mana Trading Company
    Insulation Engineering Company (INECO)
    Al Mana Motors Company W.L.L
    Al Mana Rent A Car-Hertz
    Al Mana Used Cars W.L.L
    United Cars Al Mana
    Al Mana Fleet W.L.L
    Manco International for General Contracting W.L.L
    Al Mana Maples W.L.L
    Al Mana Computer Services W.L.L
    Al Mana Steel Structures W.L.L
    Almana Exchange W.L.L
    Skyline Travel

    Almana Maples W.L.L. has been synonymous with the best in furnishings and interior decoration since its foundation in early 1979. The heart of our operations is our showroom, located at the Mid-Mac Roundabout. Our designers are keen to display and take our clients through the vast selection of globally sourced finest fabrics and furniture.

    Our daily scope of work involves fast-tracking projects on time, special niche services and complete turnkey projects for individuals and companies. Almana Maples W.L.L. executes every project with skill, speed, efficiency, creativity owing to our experience gained from 30 years in the market.

    We specialize in customized solutions for 5-star hotels, corporate offices, private villas and opulent palaces. Our production site enables us to react quickly to non-standard requirements of the diverse, multi-cultural environment which characterizes Qatar. Our expert upholsterers and carpenters can create personalized pieces as well as ingeniously transform furniture best suited to our clients’ requirements.

    Almana Maples has assembled a comprehensive team with the ability to interpret and understand our clients’ exact requirements. Our renowned approach to handling projects from sketching/designing stages, 3D presentations, through to completion and hand-over, has enabled us to complete many prestigious projects throughout Qatar. Some of these projects includes:

    Complete installation of furniture and furnishings at Al Sharq Village and Spa
    New carpeting at the Ramada Hotel and Ritz Carlton Hotel
    Refurbishment and upgrading works at the Marriott Hotel (floors 1st-7th) and the Doha Sheraton Hotel and new conference centre.
    Soft furnishing refurbishment of the Mövenpick Hotel
    Installation of furniture and furnishings for the senior management of Mobil Oil, Occidental and Philips Petroleum; the new clubhouse at the Doha Compound.

    http://www.almanagroup.com/
    Established as a trading house in 1960, Almana Group has evolved into one of Qatar’s leading business enterprises, growing with and contributing to the meteoric development of Qatar. Today, the Group’s business activities encompass a spectrum of industries and a portfolio that includes several internationally acclaimed companies .

    Virtually every visitor or resident of Qatar is in one way or another touched by brand Almana. From automotive to contracting, computer services to real estate, travel to offshore services and much more, we are proud to play a role in some of the largest and most important projects across Qatar.

    http://blog.furniture-magazine.com/template_permalink.asp?id=149
    Almana Maples relaunched its showroom at Assiri Interchange (Midmac roundabout). A number of diplomats and VIP guests took the opportunity to view the large selection of European and American furniture and fittings on offer at the newly-renovated location.

    The store was officially launched by chairman of the Almana Group, Omar al-Mana, as well as ambassadors from the US, Japan, Cyprus and Egypt.

    The company provides services specifically for the project and contract market, rather than retail customers, and has fitted out a number of major projects throughout Qatar.

    General manager Martin Davis told Gulf Times that he was delighted to see the culmination of a one-year plan to relaunch the company’s showroom.

    “We are offering a full range of services from space planning and design to detailed interior fit-out works for all types of residential and commercial properties,” explained Davis, noting “we have recently entered into agreements with a number of international companies, which will now enable us to provide to our clients who visit our showroom a complete and total interior solution for their projects.”
    Davis explained that the market in Qatar had developed massively in recent years, with a huge number of new companies, hotels and other buildings being established here.

    SOURCE: Gulf Times

    http://www.qataribusinessmen.org/support/omar.htm

    Date of Birth: – 5th November 1938

    Education: – Graduated from Qatar Preliminary Schools and Business Administration from U.K.

    Mr. Omar Hamad Almana established the Almana Group business in 1961 in Qatar after graduation from U.K. Agents of many companies in Qatar such as: Ford Motor Company; Chrysler, Dodge & Jeep; Peugeot, IBM; Coca-Cola and KFC & Pizza Hut franchise in Turkey with 55 restaurants

    Almana Group is having 18 subsidiaries with diversified activities and more than 22 affiliated companies and partnership working for the last 43 years. Almana’s one of the main activities is Oil & Gas sector development and representing many international companies.

    Mr. Almana helped in starting American School in Qatar in the 1980’s, since that time he is a Board of Trustee of American School.

    Board Member of many local companies.

    Business Profile

    The Almana Group is one of the largest business houses in Qatar. Since its inception in 1960, it has grown from strength to strength, and in the process has made significant contribution to the very infrastructure of Qatar. Today the Group boasts a large turnover and with its diversified activities is all poised to participate successfully in the ongoing economic development of Qatar.
    Through re-investment of profits, recruitment of the best management skills and the creation of joint venture schemes with major international companies, the Group provides professional services to overseas companies with interests in Qatar and the Arabian Gulf States.

    Oil & Gas Division:

    This division is one of the flagships of Almana Group as it has made significant contribution to the very infrastructure of Qatar since it was established in 1965.

    Through representations and joint ventures, the division has successfully helped international companies secure contracts and assisted them in the timely execution of huge infrastructure projects such as Qatar Steel Company Mill, Qatar Fertilizer Company Plant, Ras Abu Fontas Power Station, Onshore NGL Facilities, Qatargas LNG Plant, MTBE/Methanol Plant and the ongoing Trains 3 & 4 of RasGas LNG Plant.

    The division further represents a broad spectrum of international companies that deal in products/services such as generators; boilers, pumps; compressors; control systems; valves; refractory materials; industrial lighting; safety equipment, supply and charter vessels, boats, tugs, onshore/offshore drilling rigs & services for the oil and gas industry; and several other companies specializing in various activities.
    Through its long experience and a strong in-house base, the Division continuously anticipates areas of participation in projects of any nature and size, and works towards the successful culmination of their association with foreign companies.

    Manco International for General Contracting:

    Manco was established in the early seventies to participate in the industrial revolution and economic growth that had started in the country.
    As a major ‘A’ class contracting company, Manco has provided professional skills and quality services to the engineering industry in the fields of Mechanical, Electrical and Civil Engineering.
    Manco has the engineering capability, skilled and trained manpower, to take up any challenge in any field of construction, including oil and gas, petrochemical and fertilizer industries.
    Manco operates under an ISO 9001 Quality Assurance Program since 1993 and was the first company in Qatar to get ISO accreditation.
    Manco’s assets are a vast array of construction and erection equipment, and its people, whose dedicated and unrelenting pursuit to achieve the best quality, contributed to the success of the company. Combined with the latest and innovative project management techniques and trained manpower, the company has gained respect of clients for total quality in their services.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qatar

    Qatar (i/ˈkɑːtɑr/ or i/kəˈtɑr/;[5][6] Arabic: قطر‎ Qaṭar [ˈqɑtˤɑr]; local vernacular pronunciation: [ɡɪtˤɑr][7]), officially the State of Qatar (Arabic: دولة قطر‎ Dawlat Qaṭar), is a sovereign Arab state, located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf. A strait of the Persian Gulf separates Qatar from the nearby island state of Bahrain.

    Qatar has been ruled as an absolute and hereditary emirate by the Al Thani family since the mid-19th century. Formerly one of the poorest Gulf states, the mainly barren country was noted mainly for pearl hunting. It was a British protectorate until it gained independence in 1971. Since then, it has become one of the region’s wealthiest states due to its enormous oil and natural gas revenues. In 1995, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani became Emir when he deposed his father, Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, in a peaceful coup d’état.[8] The most important positions in Qatar are held by the members of the Al Thani family, or close confidants of the al-Thani family. Beginning in 1992, Qatar has built intimate military ties with the United States, and is now the location of U.S. Central Command’s Forward Headquarters and the Combined Air Operations Center.

    Qatar has proven reserves of oil and natural gas.[9] Qatar tops the list of the world’s richest countries by Forbes. In 2010, Qatar had the world’s highest GDP per capita, while the economy grew by 19%, the fastest in the world. The main drivers for this rapid growth are attributed to ongoing increases in production and exports of liquefied natural gas, oil, petrochemicals, and related industries. Qatar has the second-highest human development in the Arab World after the United Arab Emirates. In 2009, Qatar was the United States’ fifth-largest export market in the Middle East, trailing behind the U.A.E., Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt.

    With a small citizen population of fewer than 250,000 people, foreign workers outnumber native Qataris. Foreign expatriates come mainly from other Arab nations (20% of population), the Indian subcontinent (India 20%, Nepal 13%, Pakistan 7%, Sri Lanka 5%), Southeast Asia (Philippines 10%), and other countries (5%).[10] Qatar has attracted an estimated $100 billion in investment, with approximately $60 to $70 billion coming from the United States in the energy sector. It is estimated that Qatar will invest over $120 billion in the energy sector in the next ten years.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Thani
    The Al Thani (Arabic: آل ثاني‎) family is the ruling family of Qatar, whose origins can be traced back to the Banu Tamim tribe. The Al Thani dynasty has been ruling Qatar since 1825.

    List of Hakims and Emirs:

    Sheikh Thani bin Mohammed, Hakim of Qatar (1825–1850)
    Sheikh Mohammed bin Thani, Hakim of Qatar (1850–1878)
    Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani, Emir of Qatar (1878–1913)
    Sheikh Abdullah bin Jasssim Al Thani, Emir of Qatar (1914–1945)
    Sheikh Hamad bin Abdullah Al Thani, Emir of Qatar (1945–1946)
    Sheikh Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani, Emir of Qatar (1949–1960)
    Sheikh Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani, Emir of Qatar (1960–1972)
    Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, Emir of Qatar (1972–1995)
    Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, Emir of Qatar (1995–present).
    Contents [hide]
    1 Family tree
    1.1 The Emir Jassim Branch
    1.2 Ahmed bin Muhammad branch
    1.3 Jabr bin Muhammad branch
    1.4 Thamir bin Muhammad branch
    2 See also
    3 External links

    [edit] Family tree Thani

    Mohammed

    Jassim Ahmed Fahad Eid Jabr Thamir

    [edit] The Emir Jassim Branch
    Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani (ca. 1825–1913) Founder of Modern Qatar
    Muhammed bin Jassim Al Thani- Defacto ruler
    Jassim bin Muhammed bin Jassim Al Thani
    Khalifa bin Jassim Al Thani
    Ali bin Jassim Al Thani
    Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani – Ruler
    Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani – Ruler
    Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani – Emir
    Abdelaziz bin Ahmed Al Thani (1945–2008), ex-crown Prince (in-exile)
    Muhammed bin Ali Al Thani
    Abdullah bin Mohammed Al Thani (Sharjah)[citation needed]
    Saud bin Muhammed Al Thani[citation needed]
    Hassan bin Abdullah Al Thani
    Sultan bin Hassan bin Abdullah Al Thani
    Hamad bin Abdullah Al Thani – Crown Prince (died before his father)
    Ahmed bin Hamad Al Thani
    Saud bin Ahmed Al Thani, (born 1969) former Qatari footballer
    Jassim bin Hamad bin Abdullah Al Thani
    Hamad bin Jassim bin Hamad Al Thani
    Abdelaziz bin Hamad Al Thani
    Saud bin Abdelaziz bin Hamad Al Thani
    Mohammed bin Hamad bin Abdullah Al Thani
    Khalid bin Hamad Al Thani
    Abdullah bin Khalid Al Thani
    Hamad bin Khalid Al Thani
    Suhaim bin Hamad Al Thani
    Hamad bin Suhaim Al Thani
    Jawaher bint Hamad Al Thani
    Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani – Emir
    Abdelaziz bin Khalifa Al Thani
    Abdullah bin Khalifah Al Thani
    Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani – Emir
    Jassem bin Hamad Al Thani – Heir Apparent (till 2003)
    Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani – Heir Apparent (since 2003)
    Joaan bin Hamad Al Thani
    Mohammed bin Hamad Al Thani
    Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani
    Jassim bin Fahad Al Thani
    Saud bin Fahad Al Thani
    Hassan bin Fahad Al Thani
    Mubarak bin Fahad Al Thani
    Faleh bin Fahad Al Thani
    Nasser bin Fahad Al Thani
    Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani
    Thani bin Jassim bin Muhammed Al Thani
    Muhammed bin Thani Al Thani
    Thamir bin Muhammed bin Thani Al Thani
    Hamad bin Thamir Al Thani[citation needed]
    [edit] Ahmed bin Muhammad branch
    Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani -Governor of Doha
    Saif bin Ahmed Al Thani
    Ahmed bin Saif Al Thani
    Saif bin Ahmed Al Thani
    Mohammed bin Ahmed Al Thani
    Khalifa bin Ahmed Al Thani
    Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
    Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani, Minister of State for Internal Affairs
    Abdullah bin Ahmed Al Thani
    Nasser bin Abdullah bin Ahmed Al Thani
    Abdullah bin Nasser bin Abdullah Al Ahmed Al Thani
    Khalid bin Ahmed Al Thani
    Ahmed bin Khalid Al Thani
    Nasser bin Khalid Al Thani, founder of Nasser bin Khalid Holdings
    Nawaf bin Nasser Al Thani
    Ahmed bin Ahmed Al Thani

    Mubarak bin Ahmed Al Thani
    Mohammed bin Ahmed Al Thani
    Hamad bin Ahmed Al Thani
    Nasser bin Ahmed Al Thani
    Abdullah bin Ahmed Al Thani
    [edit] Jabr bin Muhammad branch
    Jabr bin Muhammed Al Thani
    Muhammad bin Jabr Al Thani
    Abdullah bin Mohammad bin Jabr Al Thani
    Jassim bin Jabr Al Thani
    Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani, Prime Minister
    Jaber bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani
    Hamad bin Jabor bin Jassim Al Thani
    Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani
    Saud bin Abdulrahman Al Thani
    Muhammed bin Saud Al Thani
    Abdullah bin Mohammad bin Saud Al Thani
    [edit] Thamir bin Muhammad branch
    Thamir bin Muhammed Al Thani
    Issa bin Thamir bin Muhammed Al Thani
    [edit] See alsoList of Sunni Muslim dynasties
    Line of succession to the Qatari throne
    The Al Thani Royal family of Qatar

    Maples ? Of Stan and Ann ? Mrs TRUMP ? hummm…
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marla_Maples

  7. Renee says:

    Another interesting group:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johnny_Vincent
    Johnny Vincent (October 3, 1927 – February 4, 2000)[1] was an American record producer for Art Rupe at Specialty Records, founded Ace Records in 1955 in Jackson, Mississippi, 165 miles away from New Orleans. Although Vincent started out recording local blues musicians, in 1956 he branched out into New Orleans rhythm and blues and rock and roll. He signed up Huey “Piano” Smith and his group who was able to develop a New Orleans shuffle style distinctive from the Fats Domino jumping boogie rhythm.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_Rupe

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Specialty_Records

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ace_Records_(US)
    Ace Records was a record label that was started in August 1955 in Jackson, Mississippi by Johnny Vincent, with Teem Records as its budget subsidiary. Ace also had the Vin label. Its records were distributed independently until 1962 when a distribution arrangement was set up with Vee-Jay Records. Ace Records stopped when Vee-Jay went broke. The label was relaunched in 1971 and sold in 1997 to the Demon Music Group in the UK, see Ace Records (UK).[1]

    Ace recorded such artists as Earl King, Frankie Ford, Jimmy Clanton, Huey “Piano” Smith, Joe Tex, Scotty McKay and Bobby Marchan.[2]

    Ace had a handful of major, influential hits during their time in business, including:

    “Rockin’ Pneumonia and the Boogie Woogie Flu” by Huey “Piano” Smith and The Clowns (1957)
    “Don’t You Just Know It” by Huey “Piano” Smith and The Clowns (1958)
    “Just A Dream” by Jimmy Clanton (1958)
    “Sea Cruise” by Frankie Ford (1958)
    “Go, Jimmy, Go” by Jimmy Clanton (1959)
    “Pop-Eye” by Huey “Piano” Smith and The Clowns (1962)
    “Venus In Blue Jeans” by Jimmy Clanton (1962)
    Ace Records has received a marker on the Mississippi Blues Trail.[3]

    [edit] See alsoAce Records (UK)
    List of record labels
    Ace Records artists with Wikipedia pages
    Donald J. Mabry, “The Rise and Fall of Ace Records: A Case Study in the Independent Record Business,” Business History Review (Autumn, 1990), 411-450.
    [edit] References^ “Remembering Johnny Vincent 1927 2000”. bluesworld. Archived from the original on 2006-10-20. http://web.archive.org/web/20061020034153/http://www.bluesworld.com/Vincent.html. Retrieved 2006-11-24.
    ^ Gillett, Charlie (1996). The Sound of the City: The Rise of Rock and Roll ((2nd Ed.) ed.). New York, N.Y.: Da Capo Press. p. 95. ISBN 0-306-80683-5.
    ^ “Ace Records – Jackson”. msbluestrail.org. http://www.msbluestrail.org/_webapp_2714816/Ace_Records. Retrieved 1 February 2010.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demon_Music_Group

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bobby_Marchan
    Bobby Marchan (born Oscar James Gibson) (April 30, 1930 in Youngstown Ohio – December 5, 1999) was a well-respected American rhythm and blues bandleader, MC, singer-performer, recording artist, and female impersonator, who initially began performing in New Orleans nightclubs, specifically the Dew Drop Inn and the Club Tijuana in the mid 1950s.[1]

    Marchan also toured with the band of Huey “Piano” Smith, sometimes performing as lead singer / bandleader and substituting vocally for Huey Smith (who reputedly often would stay in New Orleans to write and record while his namesake band “Huey Smith and the Clowns” played clubs and toured on the road). The touring band included James Booker on piano.[2]

    One of Marchan’s vocal performances with Huey Smith and the Clowns can be heard on the New Orleans R&B recording, “Don’t You Just Know It”, which was released in 1958. Marchan also had a solo #1 hit on the national R&B charts in 1960 with the tune “There is Something on your Mind,” a cover of a song performed by Big Jay McNeely.[3]

    Marchan recorded for a handful of small soul labels such as Fire Records, Volt, Dial, Cameo, and Gamble as well as Ace Records, which had released the Clowns’ records.[1]

    Marchan regularly performed at the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival.[3]

    In the 1990s his company Manicure Productions was involved in hip hop music booking and promotion including Take Fo’ Records bounce music artist DJ Jubilee.[3][4] He was involved with the formation of Cash Money Records.[2]

    Marchan died from liver cancer[5] on December 5, 1999.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cash_Money_Records

  8. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Coast%E2%80%93West_Coast_hip_hop_rivalry
    The East Coast–West Coast hip hop rivalry was a feud in the 1990s between artists and fans of the East Coast hip hop and West Coast hip hop scenes in the United States. Focal points of the feud were East Coast-based rapper The Notorious B.I.G. (and his label, Bad Boy Records), and West Coast-based rapper Tupac Shakur (and his label, Death Row Records), both of whom were murdered.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tupac_Shakur
    Shakur was born on June 16, 1971, in the East Harlem section of Manhattan in New York City.[9] He was named after Túpac Amaru,[10] a Peruvian revolutionary who led an indigenous uprising against Spain and was subsequently executed.[11] His mother, Afeni Shakur, and his father, Billy Garland, were active members of the Black Panther Party in New York in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The infant boy was born a month after his mother was acquitted of more than 150 charges of “Conspiracy against the United States government and New York landmarks” in the New York “Panther 21” court case.[12]

    Although unconfirmed by the Shakur family, several sources (including the official coroner’s report) list his birth name as Lesane Parish Crooks.[13] This name was supposedly entered on the birth certificate because Afeni feared her enemies would attack her son, and disguised his true identity using a different last name. She changed it later, following her separation from Garland and marriage to Mutulu Shakur.[14]

    Shakur lived from an early age with people who were struggling and who were imprisoned. His godfather, Elmer “Geronimo” Pratt, a high ranking Black Panther, was convicted of murdering a school teacher during a 1968 robbery, although his sentence was later overturned. His stepfather, Mutulu, spent four years at large on the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list beginning in 1982. Mutulu was wanted for having helped his sister Assata Shakur (also known as Joanne Chesimard) to escape from a penitentiary in New Jersey. She had been imprisoned for killing a state trooper in 1973. Mutulu was caught in 1986 and imprisoned for the robbery of a Brinks armored truck in which two police officers and a guard were killed.[15] Shakur had a half-sister, Sekyiwa, two years his junior, and an older stepbrother, Mopreme “Komani” Shakur, who appeared in many of his recordings.[16]

    At the age of twelve, Shakur enrolled in Harlem’s 127th Street Repertory Ensemble and was cast as the Travis Younger character in the play A Raisin in the Sun, which was performed at the Apollo Theater. In 1986, the family relocated to Baltimore, Maryland.[17] After completing his second year at Paul Laurence Dunbar High School, he transferred to the Baltimore School for the Arts, where he studied acting, poetry, jazz, and ballet. He performed in Shakespeare plays, and in the role of the Mouse King in The Nutcracker.[15] Shakur, accompanied by one of his friends, Dana “Mouse” Smith, as his beatbox, won many rap competitions and was considered to be the best rapper in his school.[18] He was remembered as one of the most popular kids in his school because of his sense of humor, superior rapping skills, and ability to mix with all crowds.[19] He developed a close friendship with a young Jada Pinkett (later Jada Pinkett Smith) that lasted until his death.

    *NOTE* SHAKUR*

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Will_Smith

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_Underground

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nadhmi_Auchi
    Nadhmi Shakir Auchi, KSS, GCFO[1] (Arabic: نظمي أوجي‎; born 11 June 1937), is a British Iraqi businessman and billionaire, founding president of the Anglo Arab Organisation,[2] and the founder and chairman of General Mediterranean Holding (GMH), a conglomerate of 120 companies worldwide. As of 2012 his net worth was estimated by Forbes to be $1.8 billion, making him the 854th richest person in the world.

    Born in the Karadat Mariam area of Baghdad, Iraq in 1937, Auchi attended Al Mansoor Primary School and Baghdad College High School, before going on to study at Baghdad’s Mustansiriyah University. He married his wife Ibtisam in 1963, and together they have 2 daughters, born in 1964 and 1972 respectively. In 1980, he and his family fled to London following an extortion attempt by an enforcer for Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti. Six years later, Auchi’s younger brother Naseer was hanged by the Baathist regime after discovering the extent of al-Tikriti’s corruption.[3] Auchi became a British citizen in 1989 and currently resides in London.[2] He and his wife are practising Muslims[4][5] and have aimed to promote inter-faith dialogue, unity among Arab states, and to build bridges between the West and the Arab world[6] through charitable and humanitarian work, for which Auchi has been recognised.[7][8]

    [edit] Education and careerAuchi graduated with a B.Sc. in Economics and Political Science from Al-Mustansiriya University, Baghdad, in 1967. He also worked with the Iraqi Ministry of Oil, becoming Director of Planning and Development in 1969.[3] In 1979 he founded General Mediterranean Holding SA in Luxembourg. He was also Vice-Chair of the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University from 1996 and 2000.

    He has been president of the Anglo Arab Organisation (AAO), since its founding in 2002. The AAO is a private non-profit making organisation, promoting the integration of British Arabs into mainstream British society, whilst retaining their identity. AAO’s achievements include donating money to families affected by the earthquake in Pakistan in 2005, building a school in the earthquake-devastated town of Hoceima, Morocco and hosting a charity gala that collected £35,000 in donations to the benefit of the Cancer Research Unit of the Kingston Hospital in London. Auchi and AAO have also led and sponsored high level delegations made up of Arab, British and French dignitaries, religious and political figures pressing for the release of hostages in Baghdad, including securing the release of two French journalists, Christian Chesnot and Georges Malbrunot and their Syrian driver in 2004.

    In 2007, Auchi, in collaboration with the American University in Cairo (AUC) announced the launch of the ‘Nadhmi Auchi fellowship for young Arab leaders’, a fellowship dedicated to the development of the abilities of Arab youth in institution management and leadership.[9] Auchi pays the full study and living costs of ten students from Egypt and other Arab states. The fellowship plan was announced during an annual ceremony at the Egyptian Embassy in London to celebrate AUC achievements.

    [edit] Honours and awardsIn 1996, the President of Tunisia, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, made him an Officer of the Order of the Republic. In 2002, he was also awarded the Grand Cordon of the Order of Independence by King Abdullah II of Jordan.

    In 2003, Auchi was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Francis I (GCFO) by Prince Carlo, Duke of Castro, this in recognition of his major contributions to inter-church and inter-faith dialogue. In England, the College of Arms approved his Coat of Arms in 2004.[10] In the same year the president of the Republic of Lebanon, Émile Lahoud, awarded Auchi with the First Grade of the Lebanese Order of Merit, having already appointed him as a Commander of the National Order of the Cedar in 2000. He was made a Knight of the Order of St. Sylvester (KSS) by Pope John Paul II in 2004.[11]

    In 2005 Auchi was made Grao-Mestre da Ordem do Merito Anhanguera in Brazil and was elected as an Honorary Member in the International College of Surgeons in Chicago, Illinois.

    Auchi was awarded ‘The Presidential Prize’ in 2007 by the President of the American University in Cairo, this in appreciation of his efforts in supporting higher education in the Arab World.

    [edit] Conviction for fraudIn 2003, Auchi was convicted of fraud following his involvement in a $504 million corruption scandal centred around the French oil company Elf Aquitaine, described as “the biggest political and corporate sleaze scandal to hit a western democracy since the second world war”.[12][13] Auchi was given a $ 2.8 million fine, along with a 15 month suspended jail sentence, for his involvement in the 1991 purchase by Elf Aquitaine of various Spanish oil refineries and petrol stations, having been accused by prosecutors of funnelling $118 million of illegal commissions back to the Elf executives who had initially set up the deal.[14]

    Following the verdict, Elf (by now merged with TotalFina and renamed Total) decided to take legal action against Auchi in France; Auchi responded by suing Total for $327 million in turn, this time in the UK

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Mediterranean_Holding

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elf_Aquitaine
    HoaxElf Aquitaine spent millions of dollars in the 1979 Great Oil Sniffer Hoax to develop a new “gravity wave-based oil detection system”, which was later revealed to be a scam, and lost over $150 million.

    [edit] Fraud scandalThe Elf scandal which came to light in 1994 in France was according to The Guardian, ‘the biggest fraud inquiry in Europe since the Second World War… Elf became a private bank for executives who spent £200 million on political favours, mistresses, jewellery, fine art, villas and apartments’.[1] Iraqi-born Nadhmi Auchi, at that time rumoured to be among the ten richest men of Britain, received a 15-month suspended sentence and a £1.5m fine for his involvement taking illegal commissions.[2] Auchi was also linked to the Clearstream scandal. He is BNP Paribas bank’s main private share-holder; and until 2001, the money for the Oil-for-Food programme transited through the escrow account of BNP Paribas.[1] Magistrate Eva Joly investigated the case. In the Leuna/Minol deal following German reunification, Elf Aquitaine took over circa 2,500 vacated gas station allottments in the former East Germany without paying the rightful owners.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clearstream

    Clearstream was formed in 1971 as Cedel, specialising in the delivery and settlement of eurobonds. It was created by a consortium of banks as a competitor to Euroclear, which was then owned by US bank J.P. Morgan & Co., being a monopoly in this area.

    Clearstream’s customers are banks or financial institutions who have accounts with Clearstream which are used to settle and deliver eurobonds with their counterparts. No individual can open an account with Clearstream.

    In 1996, Clearstream obtained its own banking license.

    In January 2000 it became Clearstream through the merger of Cedel International and Deutsche Börse Clearing, a subsidiary of Deutsche Börse Group, which owns the Frankfurt Stock Exchange when it took a 50% shareholding.

    In July 2002, Deutsche Boerse bought the remaining 50% of Clearstream International for 1.6 billion euros.

    In 2009 Clearstream contributed earnings before interest and taxes of €720 million to Deutsche Börse. It handled 102 million transactions, and was custodian of securities worth €10.3 trillion.[1]

    [edit] Settlement and custodyClearstream often has been described as a bank for banks, as it practices what is called settlement and custody operations (“Plumbers and Visionaries, a history of settlement and custody in Europe”, Peter Norman). Basically, its duty is to record transactions between the accounts of different banks, and use that data to calculate the relative financial positions of banks with regard to each other.

    So a bank can just order a transaction between its own account and the other bank’s account, in lieu of less secure methods such as carrying a case full of currency or securities around on the street; the bank merely transmits an order to Clearstream to credit/debit one of its own accounts and the other bank’s account(s). This general system is in use between regular companies, governments, and banks around the world.

    The purpose of International central securities depositories like Euroclear and Clearstream is to facilitate money movements around the world, particularly by handling the resolution of sales of European stocks and bonds, in which market Clearstream is a major player, with an estimated 40% market share until May 2008 – together with its competitor Euroclear, the two firms settle 70% of European transactions.[2] Furthermore, in January 2009, Clearstream was the 11th largest employer in Luxembourg.[3]

    Clearstream does not hold a monopoly in this market: Euroclear, owned by the market, and custodian banks (Bank of New York-Mellon..] are competitors. Clearstream’s quasi-monopoly is demonstrated by this European Union statement declaring that “Clearstream Banking AG is an unavoidable trader partner.”[4]

    Euroclear was created by JP Morgan in 1968 in Brussels (Belgium). By the end of 2000, JP Morgan had extricated itself from Euroclear, but JP Morgan still is one of the 120 international banks which own shares in Euroclear. In 2000, Euroclear processed 145 million transactions, dealing with a total of 100,000 billion euros.[5]

    [edit] EurobondsCedel (now Clearstream) and Euroclear started to manage transfers of “eurobonds,” U.S. denominated debt instruments issued in Europe and kept in banks outside the United States. By the 1990s, the U.S. Federal Reserve estimated that about 2/3 of U.S. currency was held abroad as eurobonds.

    [edit] Clearstream’s dominant positionOn June 2, 2004, the European Commission found that “Clearstream Banking AG and its parent company Clearstream International SA (“Clearstream”) infringed competition rules by refusing to supply cross-border securities clearing and settlement services, and by applying discriminatory prices. Clearstream has appealed in front of the European Court of Justice. The case was pleaded in July 2008 and the decision is pending. The Commission’s investigation revealed that Clearstream refused to supply Euroclear Bank SA (‘Euroclear Bank’) with certain clearing and settlement services, and applied discriminatory prices to the detriment of this customer.”

    The decision states that “Clearstream refused to supply to Euroclear Bank clearing and settlement services for registered shares issued under German law,” underlining the “dominant position” of Clearstream since it “is the only final custodian of German securities kept in collective safe custody, which is the only significant form of custody today for securities traded.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BNP_Paribas

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil-for-Food_programme

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oscar_Wyatt
    Wyatt was born in 1924 in Beaumont, Texas and grew up in Navasota, Texas. He worked on farms and at a gas station before earning his pilot’s license at age 16 to work as a crop duster. Wyatt later attended Texas A & M University but left in 1942 to enlist in the Army Air Corps. As a combat aviator, Wyatt was a decorated WWII pilot by age 21. After the war, he returned to Texas A & M and earned his degree in Mechanical Engineering. .[2]

    [edit] Early business historyWyatt entered the refining industry in the early 1960s. And he began to attend Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) meetings in Vienna, Austria. The U.S. refineries were optimized for high sulfur (“sour”) crude oil, so Wyatt began to buy Iraqi oil in 1972.[3]

    [edit] Later business historyWyatt retired as Coastal’s chairman in 1997 yet continued to serve as Executive Committee chairman until Coastal’s sale to the El Paso Natural Gas Company in January 2001. In July 2001, Wyatt created a new company – the NuCoastal Corporation – to explore energy opportunities available across the globe. Today, Wyatt continues to consult with other petroleum related interests to help them improve their processes and procedures, and maximize their pipeline and refinery operations, resulting in better returns for common shareholders.[4]

    [edit] IncarcerationIn October 2007 Wyatt plead guilty to conspiring to, under the Oil for Food program, make illegal payments to Saddam Hussein’s Iraq. Wyatt received a one year prison sentence, and was sentenced to serve in the minimum security camp at the Federal Correctional Complex, Beaumont, in Beaumont, Texas.

    [edit] Personal lifeWyatt has been married to socialite Lynn Wyatt since 1963 and has four children. Wyatt and his wife reside in the Houston neighborhood of River Oaks.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lynn_Wyatt
    Lynn Sakowitz Wyatt (born July 16, 1935) is the daughter of the late Bernard Sakowitz and Ann Baum as well as the sister of Robert T. Sakowitz. She is a well known Houston socialite, philanthropist and third-generation Texan. Her grandfather started the Sakowitz Department Store chain. Her husband, Oscar Wyatt, is an energy executive, the founder of Houston’s Coastal Corporation—now owned by El Paso Corporation—and current CEO of NuCoastal LLC. Lynn and Oscar Wyatt have four sons [Douglas, Steve, Trey and Brad]. The couple resides in the Houston neighborhood of River Oaks.[1] During the height of the oil boom in the 1970s and early 1980s, the family mansion in Houston was known as the “Wyatt Hyatt” becoming a “home away from home” for the likes of HRH Princess Margaret, HSH Princess Grace of Monaco, Bill Blass, Joan Collins, Mick Jagger, His Majesty King Hussein and Queen Noor of Jordan.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakowitz
    Sakowitz was a chain of family-owned department stores based in Houston, Texas, United States. The store was founded by two brothers, Tobias and Simon Sakowitz, in Galveston, Texas in 1902. Other family members were working in the cotton mills in Galveston. The two brothers, Simon and Tobias, began a peddler business, taking orders and delivering clothes on a bicycle to the many merchant seamen in Galveston at that time. Eventually, the chain expanded to thirteen locations, of which ten were in Texas.

    L. J. Hooker, an Australian retail development firm, purchased the Sakowitz chain in 1988 so that a location could be opened at Forest Fair Mall (now Cincinnati Mall) in Forest Park, Ohio and Fairfield, Ohio.[1] Due, in part, to the fact that Cincinnati was an untested market, the mall straddled two counties (Hamilton and Butler) and that the Australian real estate market tanked, Forest Fair Mall failed. The location of the complex was also in a very middle-class area and having both high and low end stores reside in the same mall proved to be too much.

    The Sakowitz chain was liquidated in 1990 and its stores closed. The Sakowitz name has survived in the form of Sakowitz Furs, a fur dealer with one store in Houston, owned by Jerry Gronauer

    Sakowitz was founded by brothers Tobias and Simon Sakowitz, the sons of a Ukrainian immigrant, in 1902. The first location was in Galveston, Texas, with a second following in Houston, Texas fifteen years later.[2][3] The location in Galveston was closed in 1917 and consolidated into the Houston store.[citation needed]

    By 1929, the original Houston store on 308 Main Street had relocated to the Gulf Building at 720 Main Street; this store was subsequently relocated even further down Main Street. Eventually, the chain grew to several locations throughout Houston, including a suburban location at Westheimer Road at Post Oak and one in Nassau Bay across from NASA.[3][4] With the increasing popularity of shopping malls, several mall-based locations were also added, including one each in the states of Arizona and Oklahoma. By the late 1980s, however, Sakowitz had scaled back operations, closing all but the Houston stores.[citation needed]

    Robert Tobias Sakowitz has four children; Robert (Robbie) Sakowitz, Noelle Alexandra Sakowitz, Brittany Anne Sakowitz, and Laura Alexis Sakowitz.

    [edit] Purchase by L. J. HookerMain article: Cincinnati Mall
    In the late 1980s, Australian developer L. J. Hooker proposed an upscale mall in suburban Cincinnati, Ohio, to be named Forest Fair Mall. Hooker’s plans called for Sakowitz to be one of the mall’s anchor stores, along with B. Altman and Bonwit Teller, two upscale chains based in New York City. In 1988, Hooker purchased controlling interest in all three chains so that they could open locations at the new mall; however, the chains proved too upscale for the Cincinnati market, and were subsequently sold off.[1]

    The Sakowitz chain was then auctioned off by L. J. Hooker, and all other locations were closed as well.[5] The only remnant of the Sakowitz name is a Sakowitz Furs shop located in Houston, and that is owned by Jerry Gronauer.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L._J._Hooker

  9. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L._J._Hooker

    LJ Hooker is an Australian real estate franchise, founded in 1928, currently owned by Janusz Hooker, the grandson of founder Sir Leslie Hooker and was established in 1928.

    The company was established in 1928 by Sir Leslie Joseph Hooker in Maroubra, New South Wales.[1] Leslie Joseph Hooker was born Leslie Joseph Tingyou to an Australian mother and a Chinese father.[2] Believing his Chinese name would be a disadvantage when conducting business in Australia, he changed his surname by deed to Hooker, either after his favourite position in rugby union or because his father was employed on the railroad as a hooker. [1] In 1935 he opened the first city office of LJ Hooker at 12 O’Connell Street, Sydney.[3] In 1936 the business expanded into Kensington, New South Wales, Kingsford, New South Wales and Randwick, New South Wales. By 1938 the company was in the position to purchase H.L. Cross & Co. and relocated to the heart of the city on the corner of Martin Place and Pitt Street. After the Depression and the Second World War, the company floated on the Australian Stock Exchange on 1 July 1947.

    LJ Hooker Investment Corporation Limited was formed in 1958 to allow LJ Hooker to deal with a more diverse range of real estate areas including hotel and leisure, music, land and building trusts, pastoral holdings and housing and land subdivision. In 1958 Hooker bought Festival Records from its original owners, the merchant bank Mainguard, and he even established his own boutique label, Rex, (named after his Sydney hotel) as a Festival subsidiary. But Festival was losing money during this period, just prior to the beginning of the Sixties pop boom, and Hooker eventually sold the struggling label to News Limited in 1961.[4]

    In 1973, LJ Hooker was knighted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in recognition of his service to commerce and the community in Australia.[5]

    In 1980 the real estate division had spread across every state of Australia when they opened the first office in Perth, Western Australia.

    In the mid 1980s, while led briefly by CEO George Herscu, LJ Hooker crossed into development and acquisition of retailers and large scale shopping complexes in the United States.[6] This move proved ill-conceived, with such questionable ventures as the purchase and operation of several storied but troubled American department store chains as B. Altman & Co., Bonwit Teller, Sakowitz and Parisian stores, to be utilized as anchors for a number of large, but poorly located shopping malls in the United States. Having no track record in understanding the complex operations required to run retail department stores, and with the questionable locations of many of the proposed malls, coupled with forcing the newly acquired anchor stores into locations with no previous market presence, this venture proved deeply flawed and plunged L.J.Hooker, the department stores and its various development holdings into bankruptcy.

    Most of the department store chains were liquidated with large economic and employment losses. The one mall complex that was constructed during Herscu’s tenure, the Forest Fair Mall in suburban Cincinnati, Ohio, went through numerous changes in ownership and operations. Today the ill-fated mall is still struggling, having gone through two name changes. This period, although brief in its history, was deeply timultuous and troubling and led to LJ Hooker Limited being purchased by the Queensland based Suncorp-Metway Limited, in January 1990.

    In 1997 they opened offices in Hong Kong[7] and Papua New Guinea.[8]

    In 1996 LJ Hooker purchased the Challenge Realty Group in New Zealand and in 1998 they rebranded them literally overnight as LJ Hooker. In 2003 LJ Hooker purchased the real estate franchise group Olsen & Everson. In 2002 LJ Hooker opened its first offices in Indonesia,[9] and in 2004 LJ Hooker opened offices in Mumbai,[10] India[11] and Shanghai, China.[12]

    In October 2004, Grahame Cooke stepped down as CEO and was replaced by Warren McCarthy. McCarthy was selected from within the existing LJ Hooker network and in The Australian Financial Review, he stated that “It was important that the chief executive be an LJ Hooker person. There is an inherent culture. It is very much a family and there is passing on of generations of knowledge in auctions, good property management and good referral systems.”

    In October 2009 Suncorp confirmed it sold its LJ Hooker real estate chain business to Janusz Hooker[13] – the grandson of founder Sir Leslie Hooker – for $67 million.[2]

    In November 2010, LJ Hooker acquired Harveys Real Estate Group in New Zealand.[14]

    [edit] OrganizationLJ Hooker is a franchise operation.[15] The real estate side of the business is done by franchise owners. The non-current Chief Executive Officer is Janusz Hooker and Georg Chmiel is the Chief Operating Officer.

    Hooker Corporation Limited[16] is the holding company, and LJ Hooker Limited is the trading entity. Hooker Corporation Limited’s ACN is 003 890 444 and the ACN of L.J. Hooker Limited is 003 890 4553.

    LJ Hooker has also established an independent incorporated legal practice trading as LJ Hooker Conveyancing NSW[17] which is a division of Guardian Conveyancers Pty Ltd (ACN 136 790 022). The business is independently owned and operated under licence from LJ Hooker Limited. LJ Hooker Conveyancing is located in Sydney.[18] In Western Australia they use LJ Hooker Settlements to do their conveyancing.

    [edit] 2007 Victorian Stamp Duty ScandalOne of the franchise offices of LJ Hooker in Hampton Park, a suburb of Melbourne, is currently involved in a class action that has been taken out by over 200 former customers, who allege that the previous owner of the branch (which is now owned by the previous owner’s wife) backdated sale contracts which has landed the customers with over $1.3 million in additional stamp duty charges. The matter is currently before the Federal Court of Australia and list LJ Hooker Corporation as one of the defendants, along with the former owner of the franchise. The Victorian Department of Justice (Consumer Affairs) is also investigating the actions of the parties involved.

    Proprietary
    Industry Real Estate
    Founded 1928, Maroubra, New South Wales
    Founder(s) Sir Leslie Joseph Hooker
    Headquarters Alexandria, New South Wales
    Key people L. Janusz Hooker, Deputy Chair; Georg Chmiel, Chief Executive Officer
    Products Franchising Real Estate solutions
    Services Real Estate, Property Management, Property Sales, Auctions, Home Loans and Finance, Conveyancing and Settlements, Project development, Project marketing

    Sir Leslie Joseph Hooker (18 August 1903 – 29 April 1976) (born Leslie Joseph Tingyou) was an Australian real estate agent who established the firm L. J. Hooker. Born of Chinese Australian parents in the suburb of Canterbury, in Sydney, New South Wales his surname was originally Tingyou but he changed it to Hooker by deed poll in 1925.[1]

    After an earlier failed real estate venture, he established L. J. Hooker in the Sydney suburb of Maroubra in 1928. After surviving the Great Depression, his business thrived and he began purchasing other real estate businesses. By the time he retired in 1969, it was one of the biggest real restate firms in the country.

    In the Queen’s Birthday Honours of June 1973, Leslie Hooker was knighted for services to commerce.[2] He died in April 1976, aged 72.

    A biography has been written by his granddaughter, Natalia Hooker

  10. Renee says:

    CARTER*

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lil_Wayne
    Dwayne Michael Carter, Jr. was born on September 27, 1982, and grew up in the Hollygrove neighborhood of New Orleans, Louisiana.[3] He was born when his mother, a cook, was 19 years old. His parents divorced when he was 2, and his father permanently abandoned the family. Carter enrolled in the gifted program of Lafayette Elementary School and in the drama club of Eleanor McMain Secondary School.[4]

    In a CBS interview with Katie Couric, Wayne described why he goes by the name of “Wayne” instead of his given name, Dwayne. Carter explained, “I dropped the D because I’m a junior and my father is living and he’s not in my life and he’s never been in my life. So I don’t want to be Dwayne, I’d rather be Wayne”. Couric asked Wayne if his father knew of this and Wayne replied with a smile, “He knows now”.[5]

    He wrote his first rap song at age eight.[6] In the summer of 1991, he met Bryan Williams, rapper and owner of Cash Money Records. Carter recorded freestyle raps on Williams’s answering machine, leading him to mentor the young Carter and include him in Cash Money-distributed songs. He also recorded his first ever collaboration album True Story with rapper B.G.. At the time, Carter was 11, and B.G. was 14, and was billed as “The B.G.’z”.[7] When he was 12, he played the part of the Tin Man in his middle school drama club’s production of The Wiz.[8] At age 13, he accidentally shot himself with a 9 mm handgun, and off-duty police officer Robert Hoobler drove him to the hospital.[9] At McMain Magnet School, Carter was an honor student, but he dropped out at the age of 14 to focus on a musical career.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Young_Money_Entertainment
    *NOTE*
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jay-Z
    *CARTER*

    Who is Jill Kelly again ?

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R._Kelly

    Robert Sylvester Kelly (born January 8, 1967),[1] better known by his stage name R. Kelly, is an American singer-songwriter and record producer. Often referred to as the King of R&B, Kelly is recognized as one of the most successful R&B artists of all-time. A native of Chicago, Illinois, Kelly began performing during the late 1980s and debuted in 1992 with the group Public Announcement. In 1993, Kelly went solo with the album 12 Play. He is known for a collection of major hit singles including “Bump n’ Grind”, “Your Body’s Callin'”, “I Believe I Can Fly”, “Gotham City”, “Ignition (Remix)”, “If I Could Turn Back the Hands of Time”, “The World’s Greatest”, “I’m a Flirt”, and the hip-hopera “Trapped in the Closet”. In 1998, Kelly won three Grammy Awards for “I Believe I Can Fly”.

    Kelly has written, produced, and remixed songs for many artists including The Winans, The Isley Brothers, Charlie Wilson, Quincy Jones, K-Ci & JoJo, Aaliyah, Janet Jackson, Whitney Houston, Toni Braxton, Michael Jackson, Hi-Five, Nivea, Ciara, Mary J. Blige, Luther Vandross, Gerald LeVert, Raheem DeVaughn, Ruben Studdard, Jaheim, Kelly Price, Tamia, Maxwell, Celine Dion, Britney Spears, Usher, B2K, Twista, Tyrese, Jennifer Lopez, Trey Songz, and others in the U.S. and abroad.

    The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) has recognized R. Kelly as one of the best-selling music artists in the United States with 38.5 million albums sold as well as only the fifth black artist to crack the top 50 of the same list.[2] In March 2011, R. Kelly was named the most successful R&B artist of the last 25 years by Billboard.[3][4][5] Kelly has released 10 studio albums, sold 38.5 million albums in the U.S., 15 million singles, and over 54 million albums worldwide making him the most successful R&B male artist of 1990s

    Born and raised on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, Kelly was the third of four children.[1] Kelly’s single mother, Joan, was a singer and a Baptist. Kelly’s father was absent throughout most of Kelly’s life.[10] Kelly began singing in church at age eight.[1] In Chicago, Kelly’s family lived in the projects at 63rd Street before relocating to a small house at 107th and Parnell Streets. Kelly entered Kenwood Academy in Chicago’s Hyde Park neighborhood in the fall of 1980 where he met his music teacher Lena McLin, who encouraged Kelly to perform the Stevie Wonder classic Ribbon in the Sky in a highschool talent show.[10][11][12]

    As a teenager, Kelly began street performing (or busking) under the Chicago ‘L’ trains before he eventually formed a group with his friend Marc McWilliams. In 1989, Kelly and McWilliams formed the group MGM (Musically Gifted Men). In 1991, Along with Vincent Corey Walker and Shawnth Brooks, Kelly performed on the TV talent show Big Break, hosted by Natalie Cole, and went on to win the $100,000 grand prize.

    *CARTER*

    http://www.wnd.com/2011/04/292717/
    A side-by-side comparison of the Nordyke twins’ birth certificates with the Obama birth certificate the White House released yesterday reveals many differences, some with regard to content, others to format.

    In the Nordyke twins’ birth certificate, in Box 20, “Date Accepted by Local Reg.” and Box 22, “Date Accepted by Reg. General,” the date is stamped “AUG 11 1961,” while the date is stamped on Obama’s birth certificate as “AUG -8 1961,” with a dash before the middle number designating the day.

    In the Nordyke twins’ birth certificates, the type in Box 8, “Name of the Father” lines up to the right margin with the typing in the next three boxes below, while in the Obama birth certificate, the typing in Box 10, “Age of Father,” and Box 15, “Age of Mother,” are indented below the “R” in “Barack” in Box 8.
    In the Nordyke twins’s birth certificate, the type in Box 9, “Race of Father,” Box 12b, “Kind of Business or Industry,” and Box 14, “Race of Mother,” line up to the left margin of the box (in all three boxes for Susan Elizabeth Nordyke and in two of the three boxes for Gretchen Carter Nordyke), while in the Obama birth certificate, the type in each of these three boxes is indented from the right box margin, with varying indent spacing in each line.
    In Box 16, “Birthplace of Mother,” in the Nordyke twins’ birth certificate, the letters of “Los Angeles, California,” are aligned at the bottom margin, while in the Obama birth certificate, the “K” in Kansas rides up and appears only partially struck at the top.
    The left-margin alignment in the boxes throughout the Nordyke twins’ birth certificates suggest a typewriter was set up to fill in information by tabbing through the document, as compared to the more irregular content of the information filled in the boxes on the Obama birth certificate.
    The typed letters in the Nordyke twins’ birth certificates appear irregularly spaced, often run together, as in the capital letters of the boxes stating the name of the father and mother, while the typed letters in the Obama birth certificate appear evenly spaced, not run together, not even with the capital letters in the boxes stating the name of the father and the mother Boxes 8 and 13). Again, the differences more strongly suggest the Nordyke twins’ birth certificates were prepared on a manual typewriter.
    In Box 3, “This Birth,” the “X” marking “Twins” in the Nordyke twins’ birth certificates strikes the box upper left, as is the case with Box 4, “If Twin or Triple, Was Child Born,” while Box 3 in Obama’s is struck top right.
    Similar differences in how the “X” strikes the boxes can be seen in Box 6d and 7e where the “X” on Obama’s birth certificate fits squarely into the box, drifting toward the top, and the “X” in the Nordyke twins’ birth certificates fall high and to the right in the boxes provided.
    The Nordyke twins’ birth certificates in Box 5a lists the birthdate as Aug. 5, 1961, with the month abbreviated, while Obama’s in Box 5a lists the birthdate as August 4, 1961, with the month spelled out.
    In the Nordyke twins’ birth certificates the “H” in “Honolulu” in Boxes 7a and 7c drifts high above the horizontal of the other typed letters, while in Obama’s birth certificate the “H” in “Honolulu” is consistently on line with the other letters in the word.
    The dates stamped in the Nordyke twins birth certificates in Boxes 20 and 22 appear irregularly stamped, at an angle, while the date stamps in the Obama birth certificate appear more evenly on line, at the center of the boxes, even if a bit high in the box.
    The local registrar in the Nordyke twins’ birth certificate, Box 21, is different than the local registrar who signed the Obama birth certificate. Was there more than one local registrar operating to process birth certificates from Kapiolani hospital at this time?
    The Nordyke twins’ birth certificate at the bottom have the printed signature of the director of health and the registrar general, along with the date the copies were issued, “5-5-1966,” while the Obama birth certificate has no similar official designations indicating the date on which the copy was issued or that the copy was certified by the director of health and the registrar general to be a “true and correct copy” of the original record on file in the Research, Planning and Statistics Office of the Hawaii State Department of Health.
    The Norydke twins’ birth certificates appear white against black, in the format typical of 1960s Photostats, while the Obama birth certificate appears to be a machine copy printed on hash-marked Department of Health paper; yet in Obama’s modern photocopy, a black space at the top appears created by the fold of the paper at the top left corner into the binder and no similar indentation is seen in the Nordyke twins’s photostatic copy.
    Some of these differences may be explained by different people preparing the documents on different typewriters, yet how two different formats appear in the date stamp used in Boxes 20 and 22 is more difficult to explain if the Obama birth certificate is legitimate.

    Both the Nordyke twins’ birth certificates and the Obama birth certificate identify the birth hospital as Kapiolani Maternity & Gynecological Hospital, even though there has been considerable Internet discussion that that was not the official name of the hospital in 1961.

    After Hawaii Gov. Neil Abercrombie dismissed Dr. Neil Palafox from being appointed director of health, there may have been no one heading the Hawaiian Department of Health to sign off on the authenticity of the Obama birth document.

    Still, it remains remarkable that the Hawaii Department of Health and the White House released the Obama birth certificate without the type of authenticating information that appears at the bottom of the Nordyke twins’ birth certificates.

    The SmokingGun.com website notes several additional irregularities with the Obama birth certificate that do not appear on the Nordyke twin’s birth certificates:

    In Box 3, “This Birth,” there are two “Xs” above “Twin” and “Triplet” – why are these “Xs” here and what do they signify?

    Read more at http://www.wnd.com/2011/04/292717/#c8gP0209qzBHWTrB.99

  11. Renee says:

    Carter/ Gordy/ Lilly (Lillian)
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lillian_Gordy_Carter
    Carter was born Bessie Lillian Gordy to James Jackson Gordy (1863–1948) and Mary Ida Nicholson (1871–1951) in Richland, Georgia in 1898. She is a biological half first-cousin of Berry Gordy, Sr., the father of Berry Gordy, Jr. who founded Motown records. She volunteered to serve as a nurse with the U.S. Army in 1917 but the program was cancelled. Instead, she worked for the US Post Office at Richland before moving to Plains in 1920 where she was accepted as a trainee at the Wise Sanitarium before completing her nursing degree at the Grady Memorial Hospital School of Nursing in Atlanta, Georgia in 1923. Lillian’s family initially disapproved of her choice of a career in nursing, but she continued her training and became very successful, earning the respect of both the black and white communities. “Miss Lillian,” as she was often known, allowed black people to enter her home through the front door, rather than through the back door as was the social norm, and would often have them in her living room for casual conversation just as she would a white neighbor. These conversations would even continue after her husband Earl was to arrive home expecting the guests to depart.

    Lillian Carter said that the strongest influence on her liberal views was her father. James Jackson Gordy, “Jim Jack” operated a Post Office in Lillian’s hometown of Richland and was always cordial and often dined with the black workers. This was very unusual in the early 20th century but Lillian decided that she would follow her father’s example.

    She met businessman James Earl Carter and married him immediately after her graduation. The couple had four children with U.S. President Jimmy Carter being the eldest child born in 1924. Her other three children were also somewhat notorious, Gloria (1926–1990), Ruth (1929–1983) and Billy (1937–1988). While she theoretically retired from nursing in 1925, in reality she worked as what was then called a nurse practitioner both for the hundreds of employees back in her husband’s businesses and for the members of Plains community. While a religious woman, Carter was not a regular attender of church services. After some sisters at the local church organized a mission trip to Africa, Carter became upset saying that there was plenty to be done in the US before traveling to another country. She coordinated her own Bible study at home on Sunday mornings while the rest of the family attended church.

    After the death of her husband from pancreatic cancer, Lillian Carter left for Auburn University where she worked for seven and a half years. A year after completing her service at Auburn, Carter managed a nursing home in Blakely.

    Lillian later became a social activist, working for desegregation and providing medical care to African-Americans in Plains, Georgia.

    [edit] Peace Corps volunteerIn 1966, at the age of 68, Carter applied for the Peace Corps. After completing a psychiatric evaluation, she received three months of training and was sent to India where she worked at the Godrej Colony 30 miles (48 km) from Mumbai. Lillian worked in the Godrej Colony for 21 months, during which she aided patients afflicted by leprosy. Emory University established the Lillian Carter Center for International Nursing in honor of the work she did in India. The Atlanta Regional Office of the Peace Corps has named an award in her honor for volunteers over 50 who make the biggest contribution.[1]

    [edit] Presidential mother
    With Jimmy Carter, February 17, 1977When Jimmy Carter decided to run for President, his mother was one of the first people he told. He was initially regarded as a dark horse candidate for the Democratic Party nomination.

    Lillian Carter was well known as “Miss Lillian” and she published two books during his Presidency, Miss Lillian and Friends and Away from Home: Letters to my Family, both published in 1977. The latter book was a collection of letters to her family sent when she was in India for the Peace Corps.

    “Miz Lillian” was a favorite of the press for her Southern charm and down-to-earth manner. For reporters and interrogators alike, she always had a warm country sass response for every question. She once remarked “When I look at all my children sometimes I say to myself, Lillian, you should have stayed a virgin.”

    When Jimmy told his mother he was going to run for president, she said “President of what?”.

    In 1977, Lillian Carter appeared in a cameo, as herself, in the made-for-TV movie, “Lucy Calls the President”, starring Lucille Ball.

    When son Billy’s beer business had its ribbon cutting ceremony, a friend questioned Carter on whether or not she would attend. She remarked: “I attended Jimmy’s inauguration didn’t I?”

    On the day of Jimmy’s inauguration, Carter was asked if she was proud of her son and she asked blandly, Which one?

    *NOTE*
    Spouse(s) James Earl Carter, Sr. (m. Sept. 1923)
    Children Jimmy, Gloria, Ruth and Billy
    Parents James Jackson Gordy and Mary Ida Nicholson

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_Corps

    http://www.sargentshriver.org/articles/peace-corps

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sargent_Shriver

  12. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berry_Gordy
    Berry Gordy, Jr. (born in Detroit, Michigan) was the seventh of eight children (Fuller, Esther, Anna, Loucye, George, Gwen, Berry and Robert), born to the middle-class family of Berry Gordy II (a.k.a. Berry Gordy, Sr.)[1] and Bertha Fuller Gordy (1899–1975), who had relocated to Detroit from Milledgeville, Georgia, in 1922. Gordy was brought up in a tight-knit family with strong morals.[citation needed] Berry Gordy II (1888–1978) was the son of Berry Gordy I and a woman named Lucy Hellum. Berry Gordy I was the son of James Thomas Gordy, a white plantation owner in Georgia, and his female slave Esther Johnson. Berry Gordy, Jr. is distantly related to former president Jimmy Carter through Carter’s mother, Bessie Lillian Gordy.

    Berry Gordy II was lured to Detroit by the many job opportunities for black people offered by booming automotive businesses.[1]

    Berry Gordy, Jr’s older siblings were all prominent black citizens of Detroit. Berry, however, dropped out of high school in the eleventh grade to become a professional boxer in hopes of becoming rich quick, a career he followed until 1950 when he was drafted by the United States Army for the Korean War.

    After his return from Korea in 1953, he married Thelma Coleman. He developed his interest in music by writing songs and opening the 3-D Record Mart, a record store featuring jazz music. The store was unsuccessful and Gordy sought work at the [Lincoln-Mercury] plant, but his family connections put him in touch with Al Green (not the singer), owner of the Flame Show Bar talent club, where he met singer, Jackie Wilson.

    In 1957 Wilson recorded “Reet Petite”, a song Gordy had co-written with his sister Gwen and writer-producer, Billy Davis. It became a modest hit, but had more success internationally, especially in the UK where it reached the Top 10 and even later topped the chart on re-issue in 1986. Wilson recorded six more songs co-written by Gordy over the next two years, including “Lonely Teardrops”, which topped the R & B charts and got to number 7 in the pop chart. Berry and Gwen Gordy also wrote “All I Could Do Was Cry” for Etta James at Chess Records.

  13. Renee says:

    Back to Johnny Vincent again from above to a different group:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johnny_Vincent
    Johnny Vincent (October 3, 1927 – February 4, 2000)[1] was an American record producer for Art Rupe at Specialty Records, founded Ace Records in 1955 in Jackson, Mississippi, 165 miles away from New Orleans. Although Vincent started out recording local blues musicians, in 1956 he branched out into New Orleans rhythm and blues and rock and roll. He signed up Huey “Piano” Smith and his group who was able to develop a New Orleans shuffle style distinctive from the Fats Domino jumping boogie rhythm.

    Vincent was born John Vincent Imbragulio in Hattiesburg, Mississippi,[1] and died in Jackson, Mississippi. He moved to Jackson in the late 1940s and opened a record shop and started the Champion Records label in the early fifties.[3]

    Then Art Rupe offered him a job as A&R man at Specialty where Johnny worked with John Lee Hooker, Earl King, and Huey “Piano” Smith. His greatest hit was with Guitar Slim and “The Things That I Used to Do” an R&B # 1 in 1954. He left Specialty to found Ace.[2]

    Ace enjoyed several national hits in the late 1950s, such as Huey “Piano” Smith’s “Rockin’ Pneumonia & Boogie Woogie Flu,” and Frankie Ford’s “Sea Cruise”; both of which Vincent produced. In addition, the label had a series of Jimmy Clanton hits, but by 1962 the difficulties in distribution for a small independent record label, forced Vincent to close down the label.[3]

    Vincent reactivated the label in 1971 to produce some new music and reissue the treasures from the label’s vault and by leasing the masters to other labels. In 1997, he sold the label to Music Collection International, a British label.[4]

    Vincent died in February 2000, of heart failure, at the age of 72.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champion_Records
    The name Champion Records has been used by at least four record labels.

    An early Champion label was produced by Gennett Records (1925–1934) as an inexpensive label that featured country or “hillbilly” artists, as well as popular bands, hot jazz and blues (many of which had been originally released Gennett’s main label). Gene Autry recorded for Gennett on the Champion label and it is said that his horse, Champion, was named for the label. In 1935, Decca bought rights to restart the Champion label, using it until about 1937.

    Another Champion label was started by Johnny Vincent.

    A third Champion label (along with its sister labels Calvert and Cherokee) was started in the mid-1950s by the songwriter and record producer Ted Jarrett, in partnership with Alan and Reynolds Bubis (formerly of the Tennessee & Republic labels). This Nashville, Tennessee-based label released records by Christine Kittrell, Gene Allison, The Fairfield Four, Earl Gaines, Larry Birdsong, Shy Guy Douglas, Jimmy Beck and Charles Walker, amongst others. Beck released a record on Champion entitled “Pipe Dreams” and another, called “Carnival” on the Zil label. Champion was out of business by 1960, and other Jarrett labels such as Valdot, Poncello, Spar and Ref-O-Ree followed. All of these companies were acquired by Bluesland Productions in the mid 1990s.

    A fourth label based in the UK was founded by Mel Medalie in 1980, with an emphasis on soul and dance. Champion Records is an independent record label based in London and claims to be one of the oldest record companies with the same management/ownership in music.[1] DJ Paul Oakenfold numbers amongst their former A&R men.

  14. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jo_Jones
    Jo Jones (October 7, 1911 – September 3, 1985) was an American jazz drummer.[1]

    Known as Papa Jo Jones in his later years, he was sometimes confused with another influential jazz drummer, Philly Joe Jones. The two died only a few days apart.

    Born Jonathan David Samuel Jones in Chicago, Illinois, he moved to Alabama where he learned to play several instruments, including saxophone, piano, and drums. He worked as a drummer and tap-dancer at carnival shows until joining Walter Page’s band, the Blue Devils in Oklahoma City in the late 1920s. He recorded with trumpeter Lloyd Hunter’s Serenaders in 1931, and later joined pianist Count Basie’s band in 1934. Jones, Basie, guitarist Freddie Green and bassist Walter Page were sometimes billed as an ‘all-American Rhythm section’. Jones took a brief break for two years when he was in the military, but he remained with Basie until 1948. He participated in the Jazz at the Philharmonic concert series.

    He was one of the first drummers to promote the use of brushes on drums and shifting the role of timekeeping from the bass drum to the hi-hat cymbal. Jones had a major influence on later drummers such as Buddy Rich, Kenny Clarke, Roy Haynes, Max Roach, and Louie Bellson. He also starred in several films, most notably the musical short Jammin’ the Blues (1944).

    Jones performed regularly in later years at the West End jazz club at 116th and Broadway in New York City. These performances were generally very well attended by other drummers such as Max Roach and Roy Haynes. In addition to his artistry on the drums, Jones was known for his irascible, combative temperament.

    In contrast to drummer Gene Krupa’s loud, insistent pounding of the bass drum on each beat, Jones often omitted bass drum playing altogether. Jones also continued a ride rhythm on hi-hat while it was continuously opening and closing instead of the common practice of striking it while it was closed. Jones’s style influenced the modern jazz drummer’s tendency to play timekeeping rhythms on a suspended cymbal that is now known as the ride cymbal.

    In 1979, Jones was inducted into the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame for his contribution to the Birmingham, Alabama musical heritage. Jones was the 1985 recipient of an American Jazz Masters fellowship awarded by the National Endowment for the Arts.

  15. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Page
    Walter Sylvester “Big ‘Un” Page (February 9, 1900 – December 20, 1957) was an American jazz multi-instrumentalist and bandleader, best known for his groundbreaking work as a double-bass player with Walter Page’s Blue Devils and the Count Basie Orchestra.

    Walter Sylvester Page was born in Gallatin, Missouri on February 9th, 1900 to parents Edward and Blanche Page.[2] Page showed a love for music even as a child, perhaps due in part to the influence of his aunt Lillie, a music teacher. Page’s mother, with whom he moved to Kansas City in 1910, exposed young Walter to folksongs and spirituals, a critical foundation for developing his love of music. He gained his first musical experience as a bass drum and bass horn player in the brass bands of his neighborhood.[3] Under the direction of Major N. Clark Smith, a retired military bandleader who provided Page his first formal training in music, Page took up the string bass in his time at Lincoln High School.[4] In an interview in The Jazz Review, Page remembers Major Smith:

    “Major N. Clark Smith was my teacher in high school. He taught almost everybody in Kansas City. He was a chubby little cat, bald, one of the old military men. He wore glasses on his nose and came from Cuba around 1912 or 1914. He knew all the instruments and couldn’t play anything himself, but he could teach. …[O]ne day he was looking for a bass player and no one was around, so he looked at me, and said, “Pagey, get the bass.” I said, “But,” and he repeated, “Get the bass.” That’s when I got started.”[5]
    In addition to the influence of Smith, Page also drew inspiration from bassist Wellman Braud, who Page had the opportunity to see when he came to town with a band under the direction of John Wycliffe. “I was sitting right in the front row of the high school auditorium,” recalled Page, “and all I could hear was the oomp, oomp, oomp of that bass, and I said, that’s for me.” What attracted Page to Braud was Braud’s intensity. “When Braud got ahold of that bass, he hit those tones like hammers and made them jump right out of the box.” [6]

    [edit] CareerAfter Page had completed high school, he would then go on to study to become a music teacher at the University of Kansas at Lawrence. At college, Page completed a three year course in music in one year, in addition to taking a three-year course on gas engines.[7] Between the years 1918 and 1923, he moonlighted as a tuba, bass saxophone, and string bass player with the Bennie Moten Orchestra.[8]

    “Fridays and Sundays I played with Bennie Moten and Saturdays with Dave Lewis who was paying me $7.00 a night. Bennie was paying for my food and transportation, so when I’d be finished a weekend [sic] I’d made me $20.00 and had a ball.”[9]
    In 1923, Page left the Moten band and began an engagement with Billy King’s Road Show, touring the Theater Owners’ Booking Association (TOBA) circuit across the United States.[10][11] Notably, the band included Page’s future Basie band mates Jimmy Rushing and Basie himself.[12] The band soon fell apart, however, which led to the formation of Walter Page and the Blue Devils in 1925. The Blue Devils were a territory band based out of the Oklahoma City-Wichita, Kansas area.[13] Throughout various times its six year lifespan (1925-1931) the band featured such noteworthy figures as Count Basie, Jimmy Rushing, Buster Smith, Lester Young, and Hot Lips Page.[14][15] In his autobiography, Count Basie recalls the first time he ever saw the Blue Devils Play:

    “The leader was the heavyset, pleasant-looking fellow playing the bass and doubling on the baritone. His name was Walter Page, and at that time the band was known as Walter Page and his Blue Devils. But you could also hear the musicians addressing him by his nickname, which was Big ‘Un. You could also tell right away that they didn’t just respect him because he was the boss; they really liked him and felt close to him because he was also one of them.”[16]
    Page wanted badly to have his band square off against Benny Moten’s band, which he states in an interview never happened.[17] Gunther Schuller gives a different account though, writing that “…an encounter finally did take place in 1928, and on that occasion Page is reputed to have ‘wiped out’ the Moten band.”[18] What is indisputable, however, is that Moten did seem to shy away from competition with the Blue Devils, opting to buy off individual members with higher salaries and absorb them into his own group rather than do battle directly.[19] Count Basie and Eddie Durham defected in 1929, followed shortly after by Jimmy Rushing and Hot Lips Page.[20] Despite this seemingly underhanded tactic, Page still felt that “[Moten] had one of the biggest hearts I knew of.”[21] Page attempted to keep his Blue Devils intact, but after the departure of such key members of his band, the difficulties mounted. Unable to find suitable replacements, facing booking problems, and dealing with a musicians’ union conflict, Page eventually ceded control of the band to James Simpson.[22][23] He then proceeded to join Moten’s band himself in 1931, staying on until 1934.[24] Count Basie describes the immediate effect Walter Page had upon joining the Moten Band:

    “Big ‘Un in there on bass made things a lot different in the rhythm section, and naturally that changed the whole band and made it even more like the Blue Devils.”[25]
    In an interview published shortly before his death, Page recalls an encounter with Duke Ellington in 1934:

    “I remember Duke coming through on his way West that year. They were playing the Main Street Theatre and some of the boys in Duke’s band wanted to go hear Basie. [Wellman] Braud was in the band and he acted biggety, didn’t want to go, said, ‘What’s he got?’ We were playing at the Sunset Club and finally Duke and the rest crept around the scrim and started sitting in. I was playing right on top of Duke and he told Basie he was going to steal me out of the band. Basie told him I owed him $300.00 and that’s how I didn’t get to join Duke during all those good years he had. It was the smartest move Basie ever made…”[26]
    After his second stint with the Moten band, Page moved to St. Louis to play with the Jeter-Pillars band.[27] Following the death of Bennie Moten in 1935, however, Count Basie took over the former Moten Band, which Page rejoined.[28] Page stayed with the Count Basie Orchestra from 1935 to 1942, an integral part of what came to be called the “All-American Rhythm Section.[29] Together with drummer Jo Jones, guitarist Freddie Green, and pianist Count Basie, the rhythm section pioneered the “Basie Sound”, a style in which Page, as bass player, clearly established the beat, allowing his band mates to compliment more freely. Until this point, the rhythm of a jazz band was traditionally felt in the pianist’s left hand and the kick of the bass drum on all four beats.[30] In a sense, the classic Basie rhythm section were liberators. After his first departure from the Count Basie Orchestra, Page worked with various small groups around Kansas City. He returned to the Basie Band in 1946 for three more years.[31] “Big ‘Un just decided that he was ready to come back,” recalled Count Basie.[32] After his second stint with Basie, Page would work primarily as a freelancer until his life was cut short in 1957. The artists he worked with in the later portion of his career included former band mate and trumpeter Hot Lips Page, Jimmy McPartland, Eddie Condon, Ruby Braff, Roy Eldridge, Vic Dickenson, Buck Clayton, Jimmy Rushing, and others, including many Basie alumni.[33][34]

    [edit] DeathThe death of Walter Page on December 20th, 1957 was very much a surprise, as the bassist had been playing gigs around New York City right up until his passing. It is reported that Page contracted pneumonia on his way to a recording session in the midst of a snowstorm.[35] An obituary in Jet Magazine from January 9, 1958 under the “Died” column, reads:

    “Walter Page, 57, one of the greatest jazz bass players, who helped Count Basie lead an invasion of Kansas City jazz to New York in 1935; of kidney ailment and pneumonia; at Bellevue Hospital in New York.”[36]
    It is speculated that Walter Page’s early death may be a factor contributing to his relative obscurity in the history of jazz, despite his major influence and stylistic contributions.[37][38] In an interview published only a month before his death in The Jazz Review, Walter Page expressed how he never sought praise and that he just wanted to know that he was appreciated for his influence on music.[39]

    [edit] Style and InfluenceMore than any other jazz bass player in history, Page is credited with developing and popularizing the “walking bass” style of playing on all four beats, a transition from the older, two-beat style.[40] “He started that ‘strolling’ or walking’ bass,” recalls Harry “Sweets” Edison, “going way up and then coming right on down. He did it on four strings, but other bass players couldn’t get that high so they started making a five-string bass.”[41] Page himself acknowledges the influence of Wellman Braud, who may have been the first bassist to actually record the “walking bass” technique on Washington Wobble.[42] While it remains unclear who, exactly, was the true “originator” of the walking bass style, Page is nonetheless accepted as one of, if not the primary, proponent of the style.

    Page is seen as the “logical extension of [bassist] Pops Foster,” a influential bassist known for his dependable timekeeping.[43] Page is also recognized as “one of the first bassists to play four beats to the bar,” in contrast to the two-beat style of New Orleans jazz.[44] Band mate Eddie Durham recalls how Page helped make the double bass a viable alternative to bass horns, such as the tuba: “Without amplification, a lot of guys weren’t strong enough on bass fiddle. But Walter Page you could hear!”[45] Page’s imposing stature led Durham to state that “he was like a house with a note.”[46] Jazz critic Gunther Schuller notes describes some of Page’s other stylistic contributions: “For the bass functions simultaneously on several levels: as a rhythm instrument; as a pitch instrument delineating the harmonic progression; and, since the days of Walter Page, as a melodic or contrapuntal instrument.”[47] Page was also famous for his restraint, a lesson fellow bassist Gene Ramey recounts:

    “There’s a whole lot [you] could do here… but what you must do is play a straight line, because that man out there’s waiting for food from you. You could run chord changes on every chord that’s going on. You’ve got time to do it. But if you do, you’re interfering with that guy [the soloist]. So run a straight line.”[48]
    Although he was not well-known as a soloist, Walter Page recorded one of the earliest jazz solos on the double bass on “Pagin’ the Devil” with the Kansas City Six.[49] He did, however contribute to the legitimacy of the double bass as a melodic instrument, “…open[ing] the door for virtuosos like [Duke Ellington Orchestra bassist] Jimmy Blanton to garner more respect for the instrument,” through improvisation. “Without Page setting the table,” writes DiCaire, “the exploits of Blanton would never have happened.”[50] “I’m not just a bass player,” Walter Page once said, “I’m a musician with a foundation.”[51] Walter Page had a complex understanding of the roles of all the instruments in his bands, due in no small part to the fact that he was a multi-instrumentalist himself. In fact, on Blue Devil Blues, one of only two recordings of Walter Page’s Blue Devils, Page begins on tuba before switching to string bass and finally baritone saxophone, playing all three “astoundingly well.”[52] Drummer Jo Jones recalled an instance when “somebody was fooling around [in the band], Mr. Walter Page left his bass, went down quiet as a cat, got the baritone, played the sax parts, and went back to his place.”[53]

    Walter Page is perhaps best known for his work with the Count Basie Orchestra from 1935-1942. Page, drummer Jo Jones, guitarist Freddie Green, and pianist Count Basie became known as the “All-American Rhythm Section” and set the standard for jazz rhythm sections that is still emulated and considered the gold-standard today.[54] Together, the four musicians “…created the bedrock for the band to pile on a superstructure of exciting riffs…” writes Shipton.[55] Page’s playing was a great influence on Jo Jones, who “says that it was Page who really taught him to play in Kansas City: ‘An even 4/4’.”[56] Indeed, Berliner notes that “During the swing period, Walter Page’s largely stepwise walking bass accompaniment in Count Basie’s band epitomized the changing emphasis on the four-beat approach to meter described by Foster.”[57] “As part of the pianist’s outstanding rhythm section,” says Richard Cook, “Page’s rock-solid time and unflustered swing was a key part of the four-way conversation.”[58] Jo Jones describes the dynamic of the rhythm section as a process and a group endeavor: “We worked at it, to build a rhythm section, every day, every night. We worked alone, not with the band all the time. I didn’t care what happened—one of us would be up to par. If three were down, one would carry the three. Never four were out.”[59] “At its best, the Basie rhythm section was nothing less than a Cadillac with the force of a Mack truck. They more or less gave you a push, or a ride, and they played no favorites, whether you were an E-flat or B-flat soloist.”[60]

    [edit] See alsoKansas City Jazz
    Count Basie Orchestra
    Oklahoma City Blue Devils

  16. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oklahoma_City_Blue_Devils
    The Oklahoma City Blue Devils was the premier Southwest territory jazz band in the 1920s.[1] Originally called Billy King’s Road Show, it disbanded in Oklahoma City in 1925 where Walter Page renamed it.[2] The name Blue Devils came from the name of a gang of fence cutters operating during the early days of the American West.[3][4]

    Several prominent jazz musicians were members, including Lester Young, William “Count” Basie and Buster Smith. The Blue Devils disbanded in 1933, after which Basie recruited most of the group’s members to join his group, which had begun in 1931, but then changed the name to the Count Basie Orchestra.[5]

    The 1979 film The Last of the Blue Devils documents a musical reunion with Basie, Big Joe Turner and other figures from the history of southwestern and Kansas City jazz.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buster_Smith
    Henry “Buster” Smith (August 24, 1904 – August 10, 1991), also known as Professor Smith, was an American jazz alto saxophonist and mentor to Charlie Parker.[1] Smith was instrumental in instituting the Texas Sax Sound with Count Basie and Lester Young in the 1930s. Smith played saxophone for a range of musicians including Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald and Earl Hines, though in his career only recorded one solo album in 1959. Despite intending to release a follow-up in the 1960s, Smith was injured in an accident leading to a follow-up never eventuating.

  17. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pannonica_de_Koenigswarter

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlie_Parker
    Charlie Parker was born in Kansas City, Kansas, and raised in Kansas City, Missouri, the only child of Charles and Addie Parker. Parker attended Lincoln High School.[5] He enrolled in September 1934 and withdrew in December 1935, just before joining the local Musicians Union.

    Parker began playing the saxophone at age 11, and at age 14 joined his school’s band using a rented school instrument. His father, Charles, was often absent but provided some musical influence; he was a pianist, dancer and singer on the T.O.B.A. circuit. He later became a Pullman waiter or chef on the railways. Parker’s mother Addie worked nights at the local Western Union office. His biggest influence at that time was a young trombone player who taught him the basics of improvisation[citation needed].

    [edit] Early careerIn the late 1930s Parker began to practice diligently. During this period he mastered improvisation and developed some of the ideas that led to bebop. In an interview with Paul Desmond, he said that he spent 3–4 years practicing up to 15 hours a day.[6]

    Bands led by Count Basie and Bennie Moten undoubtedly influenced Parker. He played with local bands in jazz clubs around Kansas City, Missouri, where he perfected his technique, with the assistance of Buster Smith, whose dynamic transitions to double and triple time influenced Parker’s developing style.

    In 1938, Parker joined pianist Jay McShann’s territory band.[7] The band toured nightclubs and other venues of the southwest, as well as Chicago and New York City.[8][9] Parker made his professional recording debut with McShann’s band.

    As a teenager, Parker developed a morphine addiction while in the hospital, after an automobile accident, and subsequently became addicted to heroin. He continued using heroin throughout his life, which ultimately contributed to his death.

    [edit] New York CityIn 1939 Parker moved to New York City, to pursue a career in music. He held several other jobs as well. He worked for nine dollars a week as a dishwasher at Jimmie’s Chicken Shack, where pianist Art Tatum performed[citation needed]

    In 1942 Parker left McShann’s band and played with Earl Hines for one year, whose band included Dizzy Gillespie, who later played with Parker as a duo. Unfortunately, this period is virtually undocumented, due to the strike of 1942–1943 by the American Federation of Musicians, during which time few recordings were made. Parker joined a group of young musicians, and played in after-hours clubs in Harlem, such as Clark Monroe’s Uptown House and Minton’s Playhouse. These young iconoclasts included Gillespie, pianist Thelonious Monk, guitarist Charlie Christian, and drummer Kenny Clarke. The beboppers’ attitude was summed up in a famous quotation attributed to Monk by Mary Lou Williams: “We wanted a music that they couldn’t play”[10] – “they” being the white bandleaders who had usurped and profited from swing music. The group played in venues on 52nd Street, including Three Deuces and The Onyx. While in New York City, Parker studied with his music teacher, Maury Deutsch.

    [edit] BebopAccording to an interview Parker gave in the 1950s, one night in 1939, he was playing “Cherokee” in a jam session with guitarist William “Biddy” Fleet when he hit upon a method for developing his solos that enabled one of his main musical innovations. He realized that the twelve tones of the chromatic scale can lead melodically to any key, breaking some of the confines of simpler jazz soloing.

    Early in its development, this new type of jazz was rejected by many of the established, traditional jazz musicians who disdained their younger counterparts. The beboppers responded by calling these traditionalists “moldy figs”. However, some musicians, such as Coleman Hawkins and Benny Goodman, were more positive about its development, and participated in jam sessions and recording dates in the new approach with its adherents.

    Because of the two-year Musicians’ Union ban of all commercial recordings from 1942 to 1944, much of bebop’s early development was not captured for posterity. As a result, it gained limited radio exposure. Bebop musicians had a difficult time gaining widespread recognition. It was not until 1945, when the recording ban was lifted, that Parker’s collaborations with Dizzy Gillespie, Max Roach, Bud Powell and others had a substantial effect on the jazz world. One of their first (and greatest) small-group performances together was rediscovered and issued in 2005: a concert in New York’s Town Hall on June 22, 1945. Bebop soon gained wider appeal among musicians and fans alike.

    On November 26, 1945, Parker led a record date for the Savoy label, marketed as the “greatest Jazz session ever.” The tracks recorded during this session include “Ko-Ko” and “Now’s the Time”.

    Shortly afterwards, the Parker/Gillespie band traveled to an unsuccessful engagement at Billy Berg’s club in Los Angeles. Most of the group returned to New York, but Parker remained in California, cashing in his return ticket to buy heroin. He experienced great hardship in California, eventually being committed to Camarillo State Mental Hospital for a six-month period.

    [edit] AddictionParker’s chronic addiction to heroin caused him to miss gigs and lose work. He frequently resorted to busking on the streets, receiving loans from fellow musicians and admirers, and pawning his saxophones for drug money. Heroin use was rampant in the jazz scene and the drug could be acquired easily.

    Although he produced many brilliant recordings during this period, Parker’s behavior became increasingly erratic. Heroin was difficult to obtain when he moved to California, where the drug was less abundant, and Parker began to drink heavily to compensate for it. A recording for the Dial label from July 29, 1946, provides evidence of his condition. Prior to this session, Parker drank a quart of whiskey. According to the liner notes of Charlie Parker on Dial Volume 1, Parker missed most of the first two bars of his first chorus on the track, “Max Making Wax.” When he finally did come in, he swayed wildly and once spun all the way around, away from his microphone. On the next tune, “Lover Man”, producer Ross Russell physically supported Parker. On “Bebop” (the final track Parker recorded that evening) he begins a solo with a solid first eight bars. On his second eight bars, however, Parker begins to struggle, and a desperate Howard McGhee, the trumpeter on this session, shouts, “Blow!” at Parker. Charles Mingus considered this version of “Lover Man” to be among Parker’s greatest recordings, despite its flaws.[11] Nevertheless, Parker hated the recording and never forgave Ross Russell for releasing it. He re-recorded the tune in 1951 for Verve.

    When Parker was released from the hospital, he was clean and healthy, and proceeded to do some of the best playing and recording of his career. Before leaving California, he recorded “Relaxin’ at Camarillo”, in reference to his hospital stay. He returned to New York, resumed his addiction to heroin and recorded dozens of sides for the Savoy and Dial labels, which remain some of the high points of his recorded output. Many of these were with his so-called “classic quintet” including trumpeter Miles Davis and drummer Max Roach.

    [edit] Charlie Parker with StringsA longstanding desire of Parker’s was to perform with a string section. He was a keen student of classical music, and contemporaries reported he was most interested in the music and formal innovations of Igor Stravinsky and longed to engage in a project akin to what later became known as Third Stream, a new kind of music, incorporating both jazz and classical elements as opposed to merely incorporating a string section into performance of jazz standards.

    On November 30, 1949, Norman Granz arranged for Parker to record an album of ballads with a mixed group of jazz and chamber orchestra musicians.[12] Six master takes from this session comprised the album Charlie Parker with Strings: “Just Friends”, “Everything Happens to Me”, “April in Paris”, “Summertime”, “I Didn’t Know What Time It Was”, and “If I Should Lose You”. The sound of these recordings is rare in Parker’s catalog. Parker’s improvisations are, in comparison to his usual work, more distilled and economical. His tone is darker and softer than on his small-group recordings, and the majority of his lines are beautiful embellishments on the original melodies rather than harmonically based improvisations. These are among the few recordings Parker made during a brief period when he was able to control his heroin habit, and his sobriety and clarity of mind are evident in his playing. Parker stated that, of his own records, Bird With Strings was his favorite.[citation needed] Although using classical music instrumentation with jazz musicians was not entirely original, this was the first major work where a composer of bebop was matched with a string orchestra.

    [edit] Jazz at Massey HallIn 1953, Parker performed at Massey Hall in Toronto, Canada, joined by Gillespie, Mingus, Bud Powell and Max Roach. Unfortunately, the concert clashed with a televised heavyweight boxing match between Rocky Marciano and Jersey Joe Walcott, so was poorly attended. Mingus recorded the concert, resulting in the album Jazz at Massey Hall. At this concert, he played a plastic Grafton saxophone[citation needed]. At this point in his career he was experimenting with new sounds and materials. Parker himself explained the purpose of the plastic saxophone in a May 9, 1953 broadcast from Birdland and does so again in subsequent May 1953 broadcast.[citation needed]

    Parker is known to have played several saxophones, including the Conn 6M, The Martin Handicraft and Selmer Model 22. Parker is also known to have performed with a King “Super 20” saxophone. Parker’s King Super 20 saxophone was made specially for him in 1947.

    [edit] Death
    Parker’s grave at Lincoln Cemetery.Parker died in the suite of his friend and patron Baroness Pannonica de Koenigswarter at the Stanhope Hotel in New York City while watching The Dorsey Brothers’ Stage Show on television. The official causes of death were lobar pneumonia and a bleeding ulcer but Parker also had an advanced case of cirrhosis and had suffered a heart attack. The coroner who performed his autopsy mistakenly estimated Parker’s 34-year-old body to be between 50 and 60 years of age.[13]

    Parker had been living since 1950 with Chan Richardson, the mother of his son Baird and his daughter Pree (who died as an infant of cystic fibrosis). He considered Chan his wife; however he never formally married her, nor did he divorce his previous wife, Doris (whom he had married in 1948). This complicated the settling of Parker’s inheritance and would ultimately serve to frustrate his wish to be quietly interred in New York City.

    It was well known that Parker never wanted to return to Kansas City, even in death.[citation needed] Parker had told Chan that he did not want to be buried in the city of his birth; that New York was his home. Dizzy Gillespie paid for the funeral arrangements[14] and organized a lying-in-state, a Harlem procession officiated by Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., as well as a memorial concert, before Parker’s body was flown back to Missouri, in accordance with his mother’s wishes. Parker’s widow criticized Parker’s family for giving him a Christian funeral even though they knew he was a confirmed atheist.[15] Parker was buried at Lincoln Cemetery in Missouri, in a hamlet known as Blue Summit.

    Parker’s estate is managed by CMG Worldwide

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ray_Parker,_Jr.
    Ray Erskine Parker, Jr. (born May 1, 1954) is an American guitarist, songwriter, producer and recording artist. Parker is known for writing and performing the theme song to the motion picture Ghostbusters, for his solo hits, and performing with his band Raydio as well as Barry White.

    Parker was born in Detroit to Venolia and Ray Parker, Sr. He has two siblings: his brother Opelton and his sister Barbara. His father died on March 12, 1992 at age 82; his mother died on December 18, 1993 at age 83.

    Parker is a 1972 graduate of Detroit’s Northwestern High School. He was raised in the Dexter-Davison neighborhood on its West Side.

    Parker gained his reputation during the late 1960s as a member of the house band at the legendary 20 Grand nightclub. This Detroit hot-spot often featured Tamla/Motown acts, one of which the (Detroit) Spinners, was so impressed with the young guitarist’s skills that they added him to their touring group. Parker was also employed as a teenaged studio musician for the emergent Holland-Dozier-Holland’s Invictus/Hot Wax stable and his choppy style was particularly prevalent on “Want Ads”, a number one single for Honey Cone.

    In 1972, Parker was a guest guitarist on Stevie Wonders funk song “Maybe Your Baby” from Wonder’s album Talking Book (1972).

    In 1973 he was a sideman in Barry White’s The Love Unlimited Orchestra, before creating Raydio, an R&B group, in 1977, with Vincent Bohnam, Jerry Knight, and Arnell Carmichael. Parker appeared briefly in the 1974 film Uptown Saturday Night as a guitar player. Parker also wrote songs and did session work for The Carpenters, Rufus and Chaka Khan, Aretha Franklin, Stevie Wonder (an association which prompted a permanent move to Los Angeles), Deniece Williams, Jean-Luc Ponty, Leon Haywood, Temptations, The Spinners, Boz Scaggs, David Foster, Rhythm Heritage, Gladys Knight and the Pips, The Honey Cone, Herbie Hancock, Tina Turner and Diana Ross. According to TVOne’s UNSUNG documentary, Ray Parker, Jr. originally wrote the number one 70s dance single “You Make Me Feel Like Dancing” by British popular artist Leo Sayer. But, Ray was never given credit as promised.

    [edit] RaydioRaydio scored their first big hit, “Jack and Jill”, from their self-titled album in 1978 with Arista Records. The song reached #8 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, earning a million-selling Gold single in the process.

    Their successful follow-up hit, “You Can’t Change That” was released in 1979, from the Rock On album. The song was another Top 10 hit, peaking at #9 on the Billboard chart during the summer and also selling a million copies.

    In 1980, the group became known as Ray Parker Jr. and Raydio, and the group released two more albums: Two Places at the Same Time in 1980 and A Woman Needs Love in 1981.

    In 1981, he produced on the then emerging hard funk sound on the single “Sweat (till you get wet)” by Brick.

    During the eighties Ray Parker Jr. and Raydio had two Top 40 hits (“Two Places at the Same Time” – # 30 in 1980 and “That Old Song” – # 21 in 1981) and their last and biggest hit “A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do)”, released in 1981, went to # 4 on the Billboard Hot 100 Charts, and # 1 on the R&B Charts for two weeks in 1981.

    [edit] Solo yearsRaydio broke up in 1981, while Parker continued with his solo career, scoring six Top 40 hits, including the hit single “The Other Woman” (Pop # 4) in 1982 and “Ghostbusters” in 1984. Other hits from this period included “I Still Can’t Get Over Loving You” (Pop # 12) and “Jamie” (Pop # 14).

    In 1984, Parker appeared in “Pryor’s Place”, a short-lived live-action comedy series hosted by Richard Pryor, presumably sharing his own childhood experiences with children and teens. Parker appeared in the opening title sequence of each show, singing the program’s theme song.

    Parker was one of the first black artists to venture into the then-fledgling world of music videos. In 1978, Hollywood producer, Thom Eubank produced several music videos of songs from his first album entitled, Raydio on Arista Records. The hit single, “Jack & Jill” was the first released to air on Wolfman Jack’s Saturday night television show, The Midnight Special. The music videos were also transferred to film and projected in movie theaters all over Europe. He also made two different videos for his hit “The Other Woman”. The first was Halloween-themed and centered around a haunted castle with dancing corpses and vampires. The second was more performance-oriented, with Parker performing the song against an outer space background with backup singers. Parker made the performance-oriented video because MTV refused to play his Halloween-themed video due to its depiction of an interracial relationship[citation needed]. Parker’s “Ghostbusters” video, helmed by the film’s director Ivan Reitman, was one of the first movie-themed videos to find success on the then-young MTV, and paved the way for big movies and hit music videos working in tandem.

    Parker also wrote and produced hits for New Edition (“Mr. Telephone Man”), Randy Hall, Cheryl Lynn (“Shake It Up Tonight”), Deniece Williams (“I Found Love”) and Diana Ross. He also performed guitar on several songs on La Toya Jackson’s 1980 debut album. In 1989, he also wrote “Ghostbusters”, a rap performed by Run-D.M.C., for the movie Ghostbusters 2. 1989 also saw Parker Jr. work with actor Jack Wagner (General Hospital) on an album for MCA Records that was eventually shelved and never released. A single from the Jack Wagner sessions, “Wish You Were Mine”, featuring an intro rap by Parker, Jr. was released on an MCA 1990 Pop/Rock Promotional Sampler CD. With Jim Morgan and Tom Szczesniak he composed the theme tune to the 1991-3 adaptation of Herge’s Adventures of Tintin.

    In 2006, Parker returned and released a new CD titled: I’m Free. Of his first single called Mismaloya Beach: “I think it was the longest running instrumental on Smooth Jazz radio”,[citation needed] says Parker. I’m Free showcases a new found beginning for Parker and embraces a variety of musical styles including Urban, Pop, Rock, Jazz, Blues, and Reggae.

    [edit] Ghostbusters theme song controversy”Ghostbusters” was the title track of the Gold-selling soundtrack of the hit movie Ghostbusters, starring Bill Murray, Dan Aykroyd, Harold Ramis and Ernie Hudson. The single was at #1 for three weeks on Billboard’s Hot 100 chart, and at #1 for two weeks on its Black Singles chart. The song was also nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1984 but lost to Stevie Wonder’s “I Just Called to Say I Love You” from The Woman in Red.

    Parker was accused of plagiarizing the melody from the Huey Lewis and the News song “I Want a New Drug”, which had been released on their Sports album the previous year. Lewis sued Parker and Columbia Pictures, and the three settled out of court in 1985. Parker’s song secured him a 1984 Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance.[1]

    They returned to court in 2001, Parker suing Lewis for breaching part of the settlement which prohibited either side from speaking about it publicly. Lewis had implied in a VH1 Behind The Music special that Parker had paid a financial settlement as part of the original agreement.

    [edit] ActingParker also made acting appearances on the 1980s sitcom Gimme a Break starring Nell Carter, Disorderlies (1987), Enemy Territory (1987), Charlie Barnett’s Terms of Enrollment (1986) (V) aka Terms of Enrollment (USA: short title), Berrenger’s (2 episodes, 1985): “Power Play” (1985) TV episode and “The Seduction” (1985) TV episode and Uptown Saturday Night (1974). He was also a production assistant for the film Fly by Night (1993). He made guest appearances on 21 Jump Street and Kids Incorporated.

    In early 2009, Parker appeared in a television advertisement for 118 118, a British directory enquiries provider. This featured Parker singing a 118-specific version of the Ghostbusters theme song.[2] On 15 April 2009, Parker’s 118 theme song was available as a downloadable ringtone from the 118 118 mobile website.

    [edit] Personal lifeRay married his wife, Elaine, in 1994—at age 40—with whom he is raising his four sons Little Ray, Redmen, Gibson and Jericho.

    • Renee says:

      ERSKINE ?
      Parker ?

      Ray Erskine Parker, Jr. (born May 1, 1954) is an American guitarist, songwriter, producer and recording artist. Parker is known for writing and performing the theme song to the motion picture Ghostbusters, for his solo hits, and performing with his band Raydio as well as Barry White.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camilla,_Duchess_of_Cornwall
      Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall GCVO, CSM (Camilla Rosemary; née Shand, previously Parker Bowles; born 17 July 1947[1]), is the second wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, the eldest child and heir apparent to Queen Elizabeth II. By her second marriage she shares her husband’s titles as Duchess of Cornwall, Duchess of Rothesay, Countess of Chester and Baroness of Renfrew. She prefers to be known by her husband’s secondary title of Duchess of Cornwall (Duchess of Rothesay in Scotland),[2] due to the strong association of the primary title (Princess of Wales) with her husband’s first wife, the late Diana, Princess of Wales.[3]

      The Duchess is the eldest child of Major Bruce Shand and the Honourable Rosalind Cubitt, daughter of Roland Cubitt, 3rd Baron Ashcombe. She has two children and five grandchildren with her first husband, Andrew Parker Bowles.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erskine_Bowles
      Bowles was born and raised in Greensboro, North Carolina and is the son of Jessamine Woodward Boyce Bowles and the late Hargrove “Skipper” Bowles, Jr., a Democratic politician who ran unsuccessfully for Governor of North Carolina in 1972. Siblings include Hargrove Bowles III, Mary Holland Bowles Blanton and the late Martha Thomas Bowles. Bowles graduated from Virginia Episcopal School before attending the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he was a member of the Zeta Psi fraternity and graduated with a business degree. After briefly serving in the United States Coast Guard, Bowles then enrolled in Columbia Business School, where he earned an MBA.

      Following graduation, Bowles worked for the financial firm Morgan Stanley in New York City. There, he met his wife, Crandall Close; the two married in 1971 and moved to North Carolina, where Bowles worked on his father’s 1972 gubernatorial campaign. Crandall and Erskine have three children: Sam, Annie, and Bill. In 1975, Bowles helped launch the investment firm of Bowles Hollowell Conner, and remained in the corporate sector until the 1990s.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonel_Tom_Parker

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Presley

  18. Renee says:

    wiki:
    Mary Jane Blige
    Born (1971-01-11) January 11, 1971 (age 42)
    The Bronx, New York, U.S.
    Origin Yonkers, New York, USA
    Genres R&B, soul, gospel, hip hop, hip hop soul
    Occupations Singer-songwriter, record producer, actress
    Instruments Vocals
    Years active 1989–present
    Labels Uptown/MCA (1989–1996)
    MCA (1997–2002)
    Matriarch/Geffen (2003–present)
    Associated acts Diddy, The Notorious B.I.G., Method Man, Nas, Monica, Lil’ Kim, Angie Martinez, Heavy D, Faith Evans, Dr. Dre, Jay-Z, Ja Rule, Kendrick Lamar, The Game.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_J._Blige
    Mary Jane Blige (pron.: /ˈblaɪʒ/; born January 11, 1971), preferably known as Mary J. Blige, is an American singer-songwriter, record producer, and occasional rapper and actress. She is a recipient of nine Grammy Awards and four American Music Awards, and has recorded eight multi-platinum albums. She is the only artist with Grammy Award wins in R&B, Rap, Gospel, and Pop.

    Blige started her musical career in 1992, releasing her debut album, What’s the 411? on MCA Records and Uptown. With her tenth album, My Life II… The Journey Continues (Act 1) (2011), she has ten consecutive albums debut in the top 10 on the Billboard 200, and a total of 11 albums to debut top. Blige’s work has defined the course of R&B/Hip-Hop music. My Life, in particular, is considered among the greatest albums ever recorded according to Rolling Stone (279/500),[1] Time,[2] and Vibe. For her part in combining hip hop and soul in the early 1990s and its subsequent commercial success, Blige received the World Music Awards “Legends Award”. In 2007 the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers awarded her its “Voice of Music” Award. ASCAP official Jeanie Weems stated that “[Blige’s] music has been the voice of inspiration to women worldwide in both struggle and triumph.”[3] That same year, Time included her in its “Time 100” list, a collection of the year’s 100 most influential individuals around the world.[4] In a documentary by BET television, Mary J. Blige said that when she hears music, she sees colors. In other words she has synesthesia.

    As of 2011, Blige has sold over 50 million albums and 15 million singles worldwide.[5] Billboard Magazine ranked Blige as the most successful female R&B artist of the past 25 years.[6] The magazine also lists her 2006 song “Be Without You” as the top R&B song of the 2000s, as it spent an unparalleled 15 weeks atop the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart.[7] In 2011, VH1 ranked Blige as the 80th greatest artist of all time.[8] Moreover, she is ranked number 100 on the list of “100 greatest singers of all time” by Rolling Stone magazine.[9] In 2012, VH1 ranked Blige at number 9 in “The 100 Greatest Woman in Music.”[10]

    Blige also earned high remarks for her work in film and fragrance. She starred in the 2009 Tyler Perry box-office hit I Can Do Bad All By Myself and played a role in the film Rock of Ages, which was released to theaters in 2012. She is a recipient of two Golden Globe Awards nominations for her musical contributions to the films Bobby and The Help. She is named to play music icon Nina Simone in the upcoming biopic Nina.[11] In partnership with the Home Shopping Network (HSN) and Carol’s Daughter, Blige released her “My Life” perfume. The perfume broke HSN records by selling 65,000 bottles during its premiere.[12] The scent went on to win two FiFi Awards, including the prestigious “Fragrance Sales Breakthrough” award.

    Blige was born on January 11, 1971 in The Bronx, New York.[14] She is the second of four children born to parents Cora, a nurse, and Thomas Blige, a jazz musician.[15][16][17] Blige’s mother was an avid fan of R&B/Soul music and constantly spun Aretha Franklin, Gladys Knight, Patti Labelle, Chaka Khan, and Jean Carne records when Blige was a child. These artists had a profound impact on Blige at a very young age. Blige was taught to sing by her father, who later abandoned Blige and sister LaTonya following his divorce from Cora Blige in 1980. At the age of five, Blige was molested by a family friend.[18]

    Blige spent her early years in Richmond Hill, Georgia, where she sang in a Pentecostal church.[19] She later moved to Schlobohm Apartments in Yonkers, New York, where she lived with her mother, older sister, five cousins, and two aunts.[14][16] She dropped out of Roosevelt High School in the eleventh grade.[14] Blige recorded an impromptu cover of Anita Baker’s “Caught Up tn the Rapture” at a recording booth in the Galleria Mall in White Plains, New York. Her mother’s boyfriend at the time later played the cassette for Jeff Redd, a recording artist and A&R runner for Uptown Records.[15] Redd sent it to the president and CEO of the label, Andre Harrell. Harrell met with Blige and in 1989 she was signed to the label, becoming the company’s youngest and first female artist.[19] Blige’s early years consisted of session work for the likes of Jeff Redd, who introduced her during a live performance at the Apollo Theater. A year later, she sang the hook on Father MC’s hit “I’ll Do 4 U” and was prominently featured, singing, at the end of the video.

    [edit] 1992–96: What’s the 411? and My LifeProduction for Blige’s debut album began in 1992, with Sean “Puffy” Combs, who was at the time a 19-year-old A&R executive at Uptown Records, selected as the executive producer of the project. When first introducing Mary J. Blige to Uptown Executives at a convention, Sean Combs originally nicknamed Blige the “Queen of Ghetto Love”. However, Andre Harrell, Combs’s supervisor, found the name unsatisfactory and subsequently dubbed her the “Queen of Hip-Hop Soul”.

    Establishing Blige’s niche in R&B became the paramount goal for Sean Combs. Given the fact that most female R&B acts during that time were very glamorous and refined, Combs purposely molded Blige into the exact opposite so as to underscore her uniqueness and maintain her connection to her urban roots. From her fashion style to her sound, Blige was completely different from most female artists in the early 1990s. Baseball caps, combat boots, and baggy clothes constituted her signature style. In regards to her music, on July 28, 1992, Uptown Records released What’s the 411?. Blige’s inaugural album ushered in a new era and genre of R&B music. Blige’s raw and gritty sound was utterly antithetical to that of pop icons Whitney Houston, Mariah Carey, and Janet Jackson. Her East Coast hip hop, Northern Urban City-influenced sound became the blueprint for other artists. “You Remind Me”, the album’s first single, peaked at number one on the R&B singles chart that summer. The second single, “Real Love”, was released in the fall. It too topped the R&B singles chart, and became Blige’s first top ten Hot 100 single, peaking at number seven. Both singles were certified gold for their sales volume. More What’s the 411? singles followed into 1993, including “Sweet Thing”, a cover of Rufus’s “Sweet Thing”, and “Love No Limit”. By the end of the year, What’s the 411? had sold three million copies. Blige, meanwhile, released a hip hop single “You Don’t Have to Worry”. After the success of What’s the 411, Sean “Puffy” Combs hailed the singer as “the queen of hip-hop soul”.[20][21] The album’s success spun off What’s the 411? Remix, a remix album released in December that was used to extend the life of the What’s the 411? singles on the radio into 1994, as Blige recorded her follow-up album. With combined sales of over 5 million albums and singles from her debut album, Blige was the best selling female artist on the Uptown label.

    On November 29, 1994, Uptown Records released Blige’s second album, My Life which was again overseen by Combs who also produced more than half of the album along with Washington DC native Carl “Chucky” Thompson (despite his having recently left the label), who, with Combs, co-produced all but one of the album’s tracks, and took over as Blige’s manager. Unlike What’s the 411?, Blige co-wrote a large body of the material, basing it on her personal life. In its first week, My Life debuted at number seven on the US Billboard 200, and debuting at number one on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, for an unprecedented eight consecutive weeks. The album received critical praise for Combs’ production, Blige’s songwriting and vocals, and today, is still regarded as one of the best albums in Blige’s discography. In 2003, the album was ranked at #279 on the The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time by magazine Rolling Stone. In late 1995, Blige topped the Billboard Year-End chart toppers as Top R&B Album, Top R&B Album Artist, Top R&B Album Artist — Female, and Top-Hot Dance Maxi-Single Sales (for her collaboration with Method Man on “All I Need”). “Be Happy”, the album’s lead single, peaked at number 29 and number six on the Hot 100 and R&B singles chart, respectively. In early 1995, it was followed up with a cover of Rose Royce’s 1976 hit “I’m Goin’ Down”, which became her first top 20 hit in the UK, peaking at number 12, it also reached number 22 and number 13 on the Hot 100 and R&B singles chart. Other My Life singles include “You Bring Me Joy” and “I Love You”. “Mary Jane (All Night Long)” and “My Life” received heavy radio play, despite never being officially released as singles apart from the UK, where “Mary Jane (All Night Long)” became Blige’s second top 20 hit from the album there. My Life was eventually certified triple platinum. In spite of its success and her growing fame, Blige later admitted that she was simultaneously dealing with long time bouts of drug addiction, alcoholism, and depression, as well as an abusive relationship with then-boyfriend K-Ci Hailey of Jodeci.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nina_Simone

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Carne
    Jean Carne (born Sarah Jean Perkins on March 15, 1947 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States) is an American jazz and pop singer known for her unique vocalising and her impressive interpretative and improvisational skills. Early in her career, her name was spelled as Jean Carn before she added an e under the advice of a numerologist.

    Carn is a vocalist credited with a five octave vocal range.[1] She is recognised for her unique vocal ability and has proven herself to be a vocalist of unlimited depth and dimension.[2]

    She began her recording career with her then-husband, pianist Doug Carn, founder of Black Jazz Records.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Jazz_Records
    Black Jazz Records was a jazz record label founded in Oakland, California [1] during the early 1970s by jazz pianist Gene Russell.[1]

    Russell founded the label as an alternative to traditional jazz invoking a more political and spiritual tone[2] often with funk overtones.[3] Black Jazz released various types of music including, funk, free jazz and soul jazz. According to a 1974 Billboard Magazine, one of the label’s more successful artists, Doug Carn, sold more records than Dave Brubeck and Ramsey Lewis.[2] The label existed for six years during its first run and ended following the death of Russell.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramsey_Lewis
    Ramsey Lewis was born in Chicago, Illinois, to Ramsey Lewis, Sr. and Pauline Lewis.[1] Lewis began taking piano lessons at the age of four. At 15 he joined his first jazz band, The Cleffs. The seven-piece group provided Lewis his first involvement with jazz; he would later join Cleffs drummer Isaac “Redd” Holt and bassist Eldee Young to form the Ramsey Lewis Trio. Lewis is a graduate of DePaul University.

    The trio started as primarily a jazz unit and released their first album, Ramsey Lewis And The Gentlemen of Swing, in 1956. Following their 1965 hit “The In Crowd” (the single reached No. 5 on the pop charts, and the album No. 2) they concentrated more on pop material. Young and Holt left in 1966 to form Young-Holt Unlimited and were replaced by Cleveland Eaton and Maurice White. White left to form Earth, Wind & Fire was replaced by Morris Jennings in 1970. Later, Frankie Donaldson and Bill Dickens replaced Jennings and Eaton; Felton Crews also appeared on many 1980’s releases.

    By 1966, Lewis was one of the nation’s most successful jazz pianists, topping the charts with “The In Crowd”, “Hang On Sloopy”,[2] and “Wade in the Water”. All three singles each sold over one million copies, and were awarded gold discs.[3] Many of his recordings attracted a large non-jazz audience. In the 1970s, Lewis often played electric piano, although by later in the decade he was sticking to acoustic and using an additional keyboardist in his groups.[4]

    In 1994, Lewis appeared on the Red Hot Organization’s compilation album, Stolen Moments: Red Hot + Cool, alongside other prominent jazz artists, Herbie Hancock and Roy Ayers. The album, meant to raise awareness and funds in support of the AIDS epidemic in relation to the African American community, was heralded as “Album of the Year” by Time Magazine.

    In addition to recording and performing, Lewis hosts the weekly syndicated radio program Legends of Jazz, created in 1990. He also hosted the Ramsey Lewis Morning Show on Chicago “smooth jazz” radio station WNUA (95.5 FM). In December 2006, this morning show became part of Broadcast Architecture’s Smooth Jazz Network, simulcasting on other smooth jazz stations across the country until its cancellation in May 2009, when WNUA switched over to a Spanish format.[5]

    In 2006, a well-received 13-episode Legends of Jazz television series hosted by Lewis was broadcast on public TV nationwide and featured live performances by a variety of jazz artists including Larry Gray, Dr. Lonnie Smith, Joey Defrancesco, Dave Brubeck, Chick Corea, Kurt Elling, Benny Golson, Pat Metheny and Tony Bennett.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dr._Jeckyll_%26_Mr._Hyde_(group)

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenneth_Gamble

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamble_and_Huff

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Harris
    Norman Harris (October 14, 1947 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – March 20, 1987 in Philadelphia) was an American guitarist, producer, arranger and songwriter associated with Philly soul. He was a founding member of MFSB and one-third of the production trio of Baker-Harris-Young. He produced First Choice, Loleatta Holloway, Eddie Holman, the Salsoul Orchestra, and Love Committee for Salsoul Records, as well as The Trammps, Carl Bean, Blue Magic, 21st Creation, and his cousin, former member of The Delfonics Major Harris. He died of Cardiovascular disease.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronnie_Baker

    Ronnie Baker (born 1947, died 1990) was a famous record producer, bassist, arranger and songwriter. He participated on many Gamble and Huff recordings[1][2] and was one-third of the production team of Baker-Harris-Young. He was one of The Trammps,[3] who had a #5 UK/#35 US hit with Hold Back The Night.

  19. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doug_Carn
    Doug Carn (born July 14, 1948)[1] is an American jazz musician from St. Augustine, Florida, formerly married to Jean Carne and known for his several albums released for Black Jazz Records.[2]

    He studied oboe and composition at Jacksonville University from 1965 to 1967, then finished his education at Georgia State College in 1969.[2] He also taught piano and jazz improvisation at Jacksonville University for several years.

    He, along with alligator wrestler Chris Lightburn and Rev. H. L. Patterson of St. Mary’s Baptist Church, founded the Lincolnville Restoration and Development Commission in his home town of St. Augustine in 1978. One of the group’s projects was the organizing, in 1979, of the annual Lincolnville Festival, which has continued into the 21st century and become one of the Ancient City’s leading cultural events.

    Carn recorded several albums on the Black Jazz Records label during the 1970s that have since achieved cult classic status, including Infant Eyes, Adam’s Apple, and Revelation. He worked with Nat Adderley, Earth, Wind & Fire, Shirley Horn, Lou Donaldson, Stanley Turrentine, and Irene Reid.[2] Most recently, he was featured on drummer Cindy Blackman’s (of Lenny Kravitz fame) latest release, Another Lifetime.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanley_Turrentine

  20. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_Bishop_(musician)
    Bishop was born in San Diego, California, and attended Will C. Crawford High School.[1] He had a major hit in 1977 with the song “On and On”, which was a Number 11 hit in the U.S.; his other hits include “Save It for a Rainy Day”, “Everybody Needs Love”, “Something New in My Life” and “It Might Be You”, the theme from the movie Tootsie. He has also performed many movie themes, including the theme from National Lampoon’s Animal House which he sang in falsetto. He also provided his talent to the theme song in the Christmas movie All I Want for Christmas.

    His song “Separate Lives”, sung by Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin from the movie White Nights, was nominated for an Academy Award in 1985, losing to “Say You, Say Me” from the same film. Bishop wrote the song about his breakup with actress Karen Allen, who also appeared in Animal House. Bishop said: “I write much better when I’m heartbroken and sad or melancholy.”[2]

    Bishop also wrote the theme to the 1984 remake of the movie Unfaithfully Yours, entitled “One Love (Unfaithfully Yours)”. The song received regular airplay during this period, usually on soft rock / adult contemporary radio stations. Despite moderate radio success, a soundtrack for the movie was never released. The song eventually appeared on Bishop’s best-of compilation album Best of Bish. The only other known pressing of this song is on a promotional vinyl 45.[3]

    In 1989 he released his fifth album, called Bowling In Paris (mixed with the Sleeping With Girls sessions) with Phil Collins (co-producer and musician on some songs), Eric Clapton, Sting, Steve Lukather, Ronnie Caryl, Michael Omartian (producer and musician on several tracks), Mo Foster, Adrian Lee, and more. In 1987, the Norwegian swing/pop duo Bobbysocks! recorded “Walking on Air” (as “Walkin’ on Air”) on their LP Walkin’ on Air.

    Bishop’s songs which have tracked on the Billboard Hot 100 chart are “It Might Be You”. which peaked at Number 25 in 1983; “Save It For a Rainy Day” (#22, 1977); “On and On” (#11, 1977); and “Everybody Needs Love” (#32, 1978).

    In addition to singing the theme song off-screen, Bishop had a cameo role in National Lampoon’s Animal House as the aspiring folk singer whose guitar John Belushi smashes. Bishop still keeps the smashed guitar as a memento. He appeared in another John Landis movie, The Blues Brothers as the “charming trooper” who breaks his watch during the mall chase. Bishop also had a cameo in The Kentucky Fried Movie (1977), appearing as a hustler in the infamous “Catholic High School Girls in Trouble” segment. He was the musical guest on the March 11, 1978, episode of NBC’s Saturday Night Live. Bishop also contributed the song The Heart Is So Willing for the 1986 remake of the film Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House, called The Money Pit, starring Tom Hanks and Shelley Long. He also sung the end credit song, “We Can Do Anything”, from Barney’s Great Adventure. Patrick Bateman, the fictional anti-hero from Bret Easton Ellis’ American Psycho, is an avowed fan of Bishop. He also provided soundtrack music for the Michael Douglas movie The China Syndrome.. Somewhere in Between.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phil_Collins

    http://wtpotus.wordpress.com/2010/02/14/amy-bishop/

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