Aleppo, Syria

©Renee 2012 I keep finding this spot on the globe in reading current affairs as well as historical works so I thought we could sort of travel there here and explore the area, it’s history and it’s people. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aleppo Aleppo (Arabic: حلب‎ / ALA-LC: Ḥalab, IPA: [ˈħalab], other names), located in northwestern Syria 310 kilometres (193 miles) from Damascus, is the largest city in Syria and serves as the capital of Aleppo Governorate, the most populous Syrian governorate. With an official population of 2,132,100 (2004 census), it is also one of the largest cities in the Levant. For centuries, Aleppo was Greater Syria‘s largest city and the Ottoman Empire‘s third, after İstanbul and Cairo. Aleppo is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world; it has been inhabited since perhaps as early as the 6th millennium BC. Excavations at Tell as-Sawda and Tell al-Ansari, just south of the old city of Aleppo, show that the area was occupied since at least the latter part of the 3rd millennium BC; and this is also when Aleppo is first mentioned in cuneiform tablets unearthed in Ebla and Mesopotamia, in which it is noted for its commercial and military proficiency. Such a long history is probably due to its being a strategic trading point midway between the Mediterranean Sea and Mesopotamia. The city’s significance in history has been its location at the end of the Silk Road, which passed through central Asia and Mesopotamia. When the Suez Canal was inaugurated in 1869, trade was diverted to sea and Aleppo began its slow decline. At the fall of the Ottoman Empire after World War I, Aleppo ceded its northern hinterland to modern Turkey, as well as the important railway connecting it to Mosul. Then in the 1940s it lost its main access to the sea, Antioch and Alexandretta, also to Turkey. Finally, the isolation of Syria in the past few decades further exacerbated the situation, although perhaps it is this very decline that has helped to preserve the old city of Aleppo, its medieval architecture and traditional heritage. Until recently, Aleppo had been experiencing a noticeable revival and was slowly returning to the spotlight. It recently won the title of the “Islamic Capital of Culture 2006”, and has also witnessed a wave of successful restorations of its historic landmarks. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maronite http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Rezko Antoin “Tony” Rezko (born 1955) is an American businessman. He lived in Chicago, and was convicted on several counts of fraud and bribery in 2008. He was a fundraiser for Illinois Democratic and Republican politicians since the 1980s. After becoming a major contributor to Rod Blagojevich‘s successful gubernatorial election, Rezko assisted Blagojevich in setting up the state’s first Democratic administration in twenty years. Rezko was able to have business associates appointed onto several state boards. Rezko and several others were indicted on federal charges in October 2006, for using their connections to the state boards to demand kickbacks from businesses that wanted to do business with the state. While the others pleaded guilty to the charges, Rezko pleaded not guilty and was found guilty of 16 of the 24 charges filed against him. On November 23, 2011, Rezko was sentenced to 10 1/2 years in prison. Rezko was born in 1955 in Aleppo, Syria, to a prominent Syriac Catholic family. After graduating from college there, Rezko moved to Chicago and earned an undergraduate and a master’s degree in civil engineering from the Illinois Institute of Technology in the late 1970s. He joined an engineering company, designing nuclear power plants, then left to design roads for the state Transportation Department, making $21,590 in his first year there. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Ronald_Cohen Sir Ronald Cohen (born 1945) is an Egyptian-born British businessman and political figure, known as “the father of British venture capital and “the father of social investment. Cohen was born in Egypt; his family are Sephardi Jews, originally from Aleppo, Syria, though his mother, Sonia Douek, is English by nationality. In 1957, following the Suez Crisis, Cohen’s family was forced to abandon all their assets and flee Egyptian President Nassar‘s persecution of Jews, The family (including younger brother Andre) moved to England. Though initially speaking only a few words of English, Cohen went to Orange Hill grammar school in North London, now part of Mill Hill County High School where despite describing it as “a school of very doubtful reputation” he excelled. Cohen won a scholarship to Oxford University, where he became President of the Oxford Union, and earned a degree in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at Exeter College. He subsequently attended Harvard Business School, where he was a member of the Harvard Business School Rugby Club.

After leaving Harvard Business School, Cohen worked as a management consultant for McKinsey & Company in the United Kingdom and Italy. In 1972, along with two former business school colleagues as partners, he founded Apax Partners, one of Britain’s first venture capital firms. The company grew slowly at first, but expanded rapidly in the 1990s, becoming Britain’s largest venture capital firm, and “one of three truly global venture capital firms”.[3] Apax provided startup capital for over 500 companies, and provided money for many others, including AOL, Virgin Radio, Waterstone’s, and PPL Therapeutics, the company that cloned Dolly the sheep. In 1996 Cohen helped establish Easdaq, a technology focused stock exchange intended to be the European counterpart to the American Nasdaq. He is the recipient of a Jubilee Award for services to Israeli business, awarded by Benjamin Netanyahu and the BVCA’s Lifetime Achievement Award. He is a member of the Harvard Board of Overseers and is also a fellow of Exeter College, Oxford.

Also see more connections to Syria and ISIS here:

https://thesandymonocle.wordpress.com/2014/06/25/isis-a-horror-carnival/

Now some background on Mercer Island High School where Obama’s mother went. The same school where the yearbooks came up missing for the years she attended before the 2008 elections…

http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&file_id=8897

http://www.zoominfo.com/CachedPage/?archive_id=0&page_id=2022766107&page_url=//www.evergreenpolitics.com/ep/2007/06/baracks_mom_and.html&page_last_updated=2009-03-10T19:45:50&firstName=Jim&lastName=Wichterman

And Edward Maloof who was a coach at Mercer Island High School and sold real estate there. Hummm…

http://www.mi-reporter.com/news/30585969.html

Now, Frederick Maloof was Stanley Armour Dunham’s C.O. in the military. That is Stan, Obama’s grandfather of the ARMOUR family.  Father to Stanley Ann Dunham. That is interesting..

Then we have another Maloff (Elie) that connects to ANTOINE “Tony” Rezko:

http://washingtonexaminer.com/chapter-ix-the-arab-american-network-behind-obama/article/2508425%C2%A0

Fortunee Massuda, another Rezko associate, donated $2,000 in January 2004 shortly after winning her assignment to the key panel.

Other Rezko allies who were not on the health board also contributed to Obama. Elie Maloof was granted immunity by federal prosecutors after he told U.S. attorneys he funneled two $10,000 contributions to Obama through Rezko. Prosecutors noted Maloof’s assertion in their opening arguments at Rezko’s trial, but no additional charges were filed.

Rezko business partner Abdelhamid Chaib donated $10,000 to Obama, then was convicted on federal corruption charges in 2010 after trying to pressure a Chicago hospital executive to steer contracts to Rezko companies.

Another Rezko partner, Ali Ata, was a key witness during Rezko’s 2008 federal corruption trial. He donated $5,000 to Obama’s campaign and claimed to have given an additional $10,000 in “straw donations.”

Ata was a former president of the Chicago Chapter of the Arab-American Anti-Discrimination Committee.

Another Rezko supporter was Mustafa Abdalla, who donated $1,000 to Obama. Abdalla put up property as collateral for Rezko’s bail.

*NOTE* again:

Another Rezko partner, Ali Ata, was a key witness during Rezko’s 2008 federal corruption trial. He donated $5,000 to Obama’s campaign and claimed to have given an additional $10,000 in “straw donations.”

Ata was a former president of the Chicago Chapter of the Arab-American Anti-Discrimination Committee.

Atta ? Like Sept. 11 Atta ?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohamed_Atta

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maalouf

Back to ANTOINE/ ANTONE family, Loretta Fuddy, Subud and again “Tony” REZKO: :above:

https://thesandymonocle.wordpress.com/2013/12/29/loretta-fuddy-antone-dohrn-augustus-bowman-and-dowling/

Hummm..And the wheels of the bus go round and round…

Now we come back to Syria and cowards in hoods chopping heads…

https://thesandymonocle.wordpress.com/2014/06/25/isis-a-horror-carnival/

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12 Responses to Aleppo, Syria

  1. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamal_Abdel_Nasser
    Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein (Arabic: جمال عبد الناصر حسين‎, IPA: [ɡæˈmæːl ʕæbdenˈnɑːsˤeɾ ħeˈseːn]; 15 January 1918 – 28 September 1970) was the second President of Egypt from 1956 until his death. A colonel in the Egyptian army, Nasser led the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 along with Muhammad Naguib, the first president, which overthrew the monarchy of Egypt and Sudan, and heralded a new period of modernization, and socialist reform in Egypt together with a profound advancement of pan-Arab nationalism, including a short-lived union with Syria.

  2. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Arab_Republic
    The United Arab Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية المتحدة‎ Al-Gumhuriyah Al-Arabiyah Al-Muttahidah, Al-Jumhuriyah Al-Arabiyah Al-Muttahidah), often abbreviated UAR, was a sovereign union between Egypt and Syria. The union began in 1958 and existed until 1961, when Syria seceded from the union. Egypt continued to be known officially as the “United Arab Republic” until 1971. The President was Gamal Abdel Nasser. During most of its existence (1958–1961), it was a member of the United Arab States, a confederation with North Yemen.

    The UAR adopted a flag based on the Arab Liberation Flag of the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, but with two stars to represent the two parts. This continues to be the flag of Syria. In 1963, Iraq adopted a flag that was similar but with three stars, representing the hope that Iraq would join the UAR. The current flags of Egypt, Sudan, and Yemen are also based on the Arab Liberation Flag of horizontal red, white, and black bands.

    Beginning in 1957, Syria was close to a communist takeover of political power; it had a highly organized Communist Party and the army’s chief of staff, Afif al-Bizri, was a Communist sympathizer.[3] Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser told a Syrian delegation, including President Shukri al-Quwatli and Prime Minister Khaled al-Azem, that they needed to rid their government of communists, but the delegation countered and warned him that only total union with Egypt would end the “communist threat”.[3] According to Abdel Latif Boghdadi, Nasser resisted a total union with Syria, favoring instead a federal union. However, Nasser was “more afraid of a Communist takeover” and agreed on a total merger.[3] The increasing strength of the Syrian Communist Party, under the leadership of Khalid Bakdash, worried the ruling Ba’ath Party, which was also suffering from an internal crisis from which prominent members were anxious to find an escape.[3] Syria had had a democratic government since the overthrow of Adib al-Shishakli’s military regime in 1954, and popular pressure for Arab unity was reflected in the composition of parliament.[3]

    When Bizri led a second Syrian delegation composed of military officers on January 11, 1958, and personally discouraged Syro-Egyptian unity, Nasser opted for a total merger. Only Syrian advocates of unity, including Salah al-Din Bitar and Akram El-Hourani had prior knowledge of the delegation; Quwatli and Azem were notified a day later and considered it tantamount to a “military coup”.[4][5] Established on February 1, 1958, as a first step towards a pan-Arab state, the UAR was created when a group of political and military leaders in Syria proposed a merger of the two states to Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser. Pan-Arab sentiment was very strong in Syria, and Nasser was a popular hero-figure throughout the Arab world following the Suez War of 1956. There was thus considerable popular support in Syria for union with Nasser’s Egypt. The protocols were signed by leading Egyptian and Syrian officials, although Azem did so reluctantly.[6] Nasser became the republic’s president and very soon carried out a crackdown against the Syrian Communists and opponents of the union which included dismissing Bizri and Azem from their posts.

  3. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Naguib
    Muhammad Naguib (Arabic: محمد نجيب‎, Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [mæˈħæmmæd næˈɡiːb]) (19 February 1901 – 28 August 1984) was the first President of Egypt, serving from the declaration of the Republic on June 18, 1953 to November 14, 1954. Along with Gamal Abdel Nasser, he was the primary leader of the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, which ended the rule of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty in Egypt and Sudan. Disagreements with Nasser led to his forced removal from office, and subsequent 18 year house arrest until his release by President Anwar El-Sadat in 1972.

    Naguib worked as a guard in Cairo, but in 1924, he was moved again because of a political association deemed unacceptable by the authorities. He married in 1927, pursuing his legal studies while continuing a career in the army. By 1931, he was ready to resign from the army, but as a result of an unexpected promotion he decided to turn his attention to his military career once again.

    In 1934, he remarried and was transferred to the Coast Guard, where he was employed to chase smugglers across the Sinai desert, mixing with the bedouin and helping treat their illnesses. In 1940, he was again promoted. However, despite generally favorable relations between Naguib and King Farouk, Naguib refused to kiss the king’s hand. A brisk hand shake was the best Naguib could offer.

    Any illusions Naguib might have had about the nature of Farouk’s rule evaporated on 4 February 1942 after a standoff at Abdeen Palace in Cairo between the British and the king. In protest at Farouk’s concessions to the British, allowing them to choose the prime minister, Naguib sent in his resignation, saying that “since the army was not called upon to defend Your Majesty, I am ashamed to wear this uniform and ask your permission to resign.”. On this occasion, Farouk turned down Naguib’s resignation. He again attempted to resign in 1951 when Hussein Serri Amer, widely thought to be corrupt, was made head of the Coast Guard. Again, the resignation was refused.

    Meanwhile Naguib had continued to climb the military ladder, serving in Palestine during the Palestine War in 1948. While on active service in Palestine, Naguib would dedicate 30 minutes every morning to reading the Qur’an, a habit he picked up in childhood, to strengthen his resolve in times of adversity.

    • Renee says:

      And another Hussein and Naquib-Najeeb connection ?
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Noor_of_Jordan
      Queen Noor of Jordan (Arabic: جلالة الملكة نور‎) (born Lisa Najeeb Halaby; 23 August 1951) is the last wife and widow of King Hussein of Jordan. She was queen consort of Jordan between 1978 and 1999. Since her husband’s death in 1999, she has been queen dowager of Jordan. She carries the style and title of HM Queen Noor of Jordan.

      A United States citizen by birth, and of Syrian,[1] English, and Swedish descent, she acquired Jordanian citizenship and renounced her American citizenship at the time of her marriage. As of 1995, she is president of the United World Colleges movement and an advocate of the anti-nuclear weapons proliferation campaign, Global Zero.

      Queen Noor was born Lisa Najeeb Halaby in Washington, D.C. She is the daughter of Najeeb Halaby (Arab American) and Doris Carlquist (Swedish descent). Her father was an aviator, airline executive, and government official. He served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense in the Truman administration, before being appointed by John F. Kennedy to head the Federal Aviation Administration. Najeeb Halaby had a successful private-sector career, serving as CEO of Pan American World Airways from 1969 to 1972. The Halabys had two children following Lisa; a son, Christian, and a younger daughter, Alexa. They divorced in 1977.

      Noor’s paternal grandfather, Najeeb Elias Halaby, a Syrian immigrant, was a petroleum broker, according to 1920 Census records.[2] Merchant Stanley Marcus, however, recalled that in the mid-1920s, Halaby opened Halaby Galleries, a rug boutique and interior-decorating shop, at Neiman-Marcus in Dallas, Texas, and ran it with his Texas-born wife, Laura Wilkins (1889–1987, later Mrs. Urban B. Koen). Najeeb Halaby died shortly afterward, and his estate was unable to continue the new enterprise.[3]

      According to research done in 2010 for the PBS series Faces of America by Professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr., of Harvard University, her great-grandfather, Elias Halaby, came to New York around 1891, one of the earliest Syrian immigrants to the United States. He had been a Christian and provincial treasurer (magistrate) in the Ottoman Empire. He left Syria with his two eldest sons. His wife Almas and remaining children joined him in the USA in 1894. He died three years later, leaving his teenage sons, Habib, and Najeeb (her paternal grandfather), to run his import business. Najeeb moved to Dallas around 1910 and fully assimilated into American society.

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