Shades Of Gray

©Renee 2012

Shades of Gray. This color thing can go on forever, but for now we will trace gray. It blends into other hues, is the color of sadness, the color for nice gift wrapping in Asia and a military color as well. Family from Scotland carry the name and one was a queen for a few days.

http://www.electricscotland.com/history/nation/gray.htm

GRAY, Baron, a title in the peerage of Scotland, possessed by a family of the same name, descended from the Greys of Chillingham in Northumberland. The surname is originally French, being first borne by Fulbert, great chamberlain of Robert, duke of Normandy, from whom he got the castle and lands of Croy or Gray in Picardy, and hence assumed the surname. He is said to have had a son, John, and a daughter, Arlotta, the mother of William the Conqueror. If so, this Fulbert must have been a banner at Falaise before being elevated to the office of great chamberlain. The first of the name who came to England with William the Conqueror, and from that monarch obtained several lordships, is stated to have been the Conqueror’s kinsman. He was progenitor of several families, who spelled the name Grey, and were raised to high rank in the peerage of England; some of them obtaining a prominent place in history, such as the dukes of Suffolk and Kent, the earls of Stamford and Tankerville, De Grey and Grey, the barons Grey of Codnor, Ruthyn, Wilton, Rolleston, Wark and Chillingham. To the Suffolk family belonged the amiable and accomplished Lady Jane Grey, who fell an innocent victim to the ambition of her father, on February 12, 1554.

Lord Grey of Chillingham is stated to have given the lands of Broxmouth in the county of Roxborough to a younger son of his family, in the reign of William the Lion. In the reign of Alexander the Third, John de Gray (the Scottish way of spelling the name), steward to the earls of March, is witness to many donations to the monastery of Coldstream. Sir Hugh de Gray, a subsequent proprietor of Broxmouth, left three sons; Sir Hugh de Gray, Henry de Gray, and John de Gray. The two elder brothers were among those who swore fealty to Edward the First in 1296; and the eldest, Sir Hugh de Gray, died about 1300.

His son, Sir Andrew Gray, faithfully adhered to Robert the Bruce; and in 1307 was joined with Sir James Douglas and Sir Alexander Fraser in command of a detachment sent against the lord of Lorn. In 1312 he was present at the taking of the castle of Edinburgh, with Randolph, nephew of Robert the Bruce, when Frank or Francis, the guide, was the first that scaled the walls, Sir Andrew Gray followed him, and Randolph himself was the third. For his services he obtained from King Robert a grant of several lands; among the rest the barony of Longforgund, now Longforgan, in Perthshire, which had belonged to Edmund de Hastings. This was the first connection of the Grays with the county of Perth, in which the family ever after had their residence. Sir Andrew Gray married Ada Gifford, daughter of Thomas Lord Yester, and had two sons, Sir David, and Thomas. The latter, in 1346, accompanied King David the Second to the battle of Durham, where he was taken prisoner, and not released till ten years afterwards.

The elder son, Sir David de Gray, fourth baron of Broxmouth, and second of Longforgan, died between 1354 and 1357. His son, Sir John Gray, was one of the twenty young men of quality proposed to be sureties for King David’s ransom in 1354, and after the king’s release in 1357, he was appointed his clerk register, in which office he was continued by Robert the Second. He died in 1376. He had two sons, John and Patrick. John, the elder, was one of the noble Scottish heirs who were sent to England for King David’s ransom in 1357. He died before his father, without issue.

Sir Patrick, the younger son, was in great favour with both King Robert the Second and his successor. He added considerably to his possessions in Perthshire, and from the former monarch he had a pension of £26 13s. 4d sterling. In 1413 he entered into a bond of manrent at Dundee, with the earl of Crawford, that he, the said Sir Patrick, “is becumyn man of special retinue till the said earl, for the term of his life, nane ontaken but amitie and allegiance till our lord the king, for which he shall have in his fee of the said earl, the town of Elithk” &c. He had four sons and three daughters. Sir Andrew, the eldest son, was one of the Scottish nobles who met King James the First at Durham in 1423, to concert measures for his liberation. He was created a peer of parliament, under the title of Lord Gray, before 9th October 1437, when he was one of the lords of the articles in parliament for the peers. He died before July 1445. He was twice married; first, to Janet, a daughter of Sir Roger de Mortimer, with whom he got the lands of Fowlis in Perthshire; and, secondly, to Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Walter Buchanan. By his first wife he had, with seven daughters, a son, Sir Andrew, first Lord Gray, and by his second wife four sons and one daughter.

The eldest son, Andrew, second Lord Gray of Fowlis, was one of the hostages for King James the First, in his father’s lifetime, March 20, 1424; when his annual revenue was estimated at six hundred merks. He obtained liberty to return to Scotland in 1427, and was one of the train of knights who accompanied the princess Margaret of Scotland to France in 1436, on her marriage to the dauphin. He was employed in most of the public transactions of his time, and in 1449 was one of the ambassadors to England who that year concluded a two years’ truce, for which, and for a renewed truce for three years on its expiration in 1451, he was one of the guarantees on the part of Scotland. He obtained the royal license, of date August 26, 1452, to build a castle upon any part of his lands, and, in consequence, he erected in Longforgan the beautiful edifice called Castle Huntly, long the principal residence of the family. The tradition of the country is that he named it after his lady, a daughter of the earl of Huntly, but like most other traditions, it is wrong in its main incident, as his lady’s name was Elizabeth Wemyss, eldest daughter of Sir John Wemyss of Rires in Fife. A subsequent Lord Gray married the daughter of the second earl of Huntly, and this may have given rise to the mistake. In 1615 Castle Huntly, with the estate attached to it, was sold to the Strathmore family, then earls of Kinghorn; and becoming a favourite residence of Earl Patrick, the name was changed to Castle Lyon, and the estate, by charter of Charles the Second in 1672, was erected into a lordship called the lordship of Lyon. This name it retained till 1777, when it was purchased by Mr. Paterson, the father of George Paterson, Esq., who marrying Anne, daughter of the twelfth Lord Gray, restored the name of Castle Huntly. In the beginning of 1455, the second Lord Gray accompanied William, earl of Douglas, and James, Lord Hamilton, on a pilgrimage to Canterbury, for which they got a safe conduct from the English monarch. The same year, he was appointed master of the household by King James the Second, and four years afterwards one of the wardens of the marches. He got charters of a great many lands, and died in 1469. With two daughters, he had two sons, Patrick, master of Gray, and Andrew. The latter had several sons, one of whom, a merchant in Aberdeen, made a considerable fortune, and was ancestor of the Grays of Schives and Pittendrum.

Patrick, master of Gray, was one of the gentlemen of the bedchamber to King James the second; and when that monarch stabbed the eighth earl of Douglas, he seconded the blow with a stroke from his battle-axe. He had a son and three daughters. Predeceasing his father, his son, Andrew, became third Lord Gray. This nobleman was one of the lords of the privy council of King James the Third, and after that monarch’s murder, the hereditary office of sheriff of the county of Forfar was conferred on him, on the forced resignation of David, duke of Montrose and earl of Crawford, 14th December, 1488. He had the office of justice-general north of the Forth, on the forfeiture of Lord Lyle in 1489, and in 1506 he was appointed lord-justice-general of Scotland. He died in February 1513-14. He married, first, Janet, only daughter of John, Lord Keith, and had a son, Patrick, and two daughters; secondly, Lady Elizabeth Stewart, third daughter of John, earl of Athol. Brother uterine of King James the Second, and by her had four sons, namely, Robert, of Litfie, killed at Flodden, without issue; Gilbert, of Buttergask, who carried on the line of the family; Andrew, of Muirtoun; and Edward, an ecclesiastic; and five daughters.

Patrick, fourth Lord Gray, died at Castle Huntly, in April 1541. It was this nobleman who married Lady Janet Gordon, the second daughter of the second earl of Huntly, chancellor of Scotland, and relict of Alexander, master of Crawford. He had three daughters, and dying without issue male, he was succeeded by his nephew, Patrick, eldest of three sons of his brother of the half-blood, Gilbert.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Picardy

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19 Responses to Shades Of Gray

  1. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lady_Jane_Grey
    Lady Jane Grey (1536/1537 – 12 February 1554), married name Jane Dudley,[3] also known as The Nine Days’ Queen,[4] was an English noblewoman and de facto monarch of England from 10 July until 19 July 1553. She was subsequently executed. The great-granddaughter of Henry VII through his younger daughter Mary, Jane was a first cousin once removed of Edward VI.

    In May 1553 Jane was married to Lord Guildford Dudley, a younger son of Edward’s chief minister, John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland. When the 15-year-old King lay dying in June 1553, he nominated Jane as successor to the Crown in his will, thus subverting the claims of his half-sisters Mary and Elizabeth under the Third Succession Act. During her short reign, Jane resided in the Tower of London. She became a prisoner there when the Privy Council decided to change sides and proclaim Mary as Queen on 19 July 1553. She was convicted of high treason in November 1553, though her life was initially spared. Wyatt’s rebellion in January and February 1554 against Queen Mary’s plans of a Spanish match led to her execution at the age of 16 or 17, and that of her husband.

    Lady Jane Grey had an excellent humanist education and a reputation as one of the most learned young women of her day.

  2. Renee says:

    http://synapse.cs.byu.edu/~randy/gen/gray.html
    ——————————————————————————

    REV 28 DEC 1995

    From a Boston Transcript clipping in the Durfee film 804977, “Clarkes Genealogies” and “A History of Wales” by John Davies.

    The name Gray is of local origin, or, it follows the name of a place in Bergundy, France. In the Department of Haute-Saone, there is now a town called Gray. The name was originally Croy. A Norman chief, whose name was Rolf, Rollo or Raoul (son of Rognwald, Jarl of Mori in Norway) invaded France in the 9th century with his Norwegian followers and established himself there. A descendant or member of the same family became Chamberlain to Robert, Duke of Normandy. He received from Robert the Castle and honor of Croy. From this his family assumed the name of DeCroy, which was later changed to DeGray and then to Gray.

    Gray instead of Grey is almost universally used in the different branches in the United States. In England and Ireland Grey is still used, in Scotland it is Gray. This is detail between different branches of the same family all apparently descended from one parent stock and one origin.

    The family of Gray or Grey, says Burke in his peerages, claims descent from Rollo (born 860 A.D.). John, Lord of Gray, whose son Anschetil de Gray was one of William the Conquerors companions in arms at the battle of Hastings, and was recorded in the Domesday Book (a record complied by a royal commission set up by William in 1085-86), as lord of many manors and lordships in the counties of Oxford and Buckingham. Anschetil de Gray had two sons, both named John. The elder John de Gray had a son, Henry de Gray, who was in high favor with King Richard I and King John.

    Henry de Gray had several sons; (I) Robert of Rotherfield, (II) Richard de Gray, (III) John from whom the most illustrious branches of the house of Gray have sprung, (IV) William de Grey and (V) Henry de Grey. Descendants of John included John Lord Grey of Groby who married Elizabeth Wydville, afterward queen of Edward IV; Thomas Grey, created Marquis of Dorset in 1476; and Lady Jane Grey who was queen of England for a few days.

    The Grays were in Wales by 1283 when King Edward created new Marcher Lordships. In that year he gave Rhuthun to Reginald de Grey. In 1402 Owain, a Welch leader, was having a dispute with another Reginald de Grey, and captured Reginald. Owain received 10,000 marks (L6,666) ransom for him. Not an insignificant sum!!

    A Marcher Lordship passed from an Owain to son-in-law John Charleton. From the Charleton family it passed by marriage in 1421 to John Grey. It remained in the hands of the Grey family until the Marcher Lords were abolished in 1536. By 1509 an Edward Grey was one of only three remaining powerful Marcher Lords.

    Among the names inscribed at Battle Abbey, after the Battle of Hastings, as being worthy to be remembered for valiant services rendered, was J. de Gray. According to Nesbits Heraldry: “In an old manuscript of Arms in the Reign of William the Conqueror, are the Amoreal bearings of Paganus de Gray, equitum signifer to King William”. Also, it says, “Gray, Earl of Kent, Chief of the ancient and illustrious house of Gray, so dignified in the reign of Edward IV., from whom are descended and branched the Barons of Rotherfield, Codmore, Wilton, Rhuthun, Groby and Rugemont, the Viscount of Lisle, the Earl of Stamford, the Marquis of Dorset, and the Duke of Suffolk, all of that surname derived from the honor and Castle of Gray, (or Croy as some write), in Picardy, their patrimony before the Conquest.”

    Regarding the Grays of Scotland being of the same family, Nesbits says, “Gray Lord Gray in Scotland, same arms as My Lord Gray of Wark and Chillingham, England, Motto, Anchor Fast Anchor. The first of this line was a son of Gray in Chillingham, Northumberland, England, who came to Scotland in the reign of Alexander II, (about 1130), and gave his allegiance to that King, receiving possessions in Roufield shire of Roxburgh. His issue has continued in Scotland.” His son, Sir Andrew Gray, joined King Robert Bruce when he ascended the throne. The Grays in Ireland, usually described as Scotch-Irish, are doubtless the descendants of that branch of the family.

    The Grays were closely allied with the Royal house of England and were near the throne. Edward IV married Elizabeth Gray, the widow of Sir John Gray who was slain at the second battle of St. Albans, 1461. On the death of King Edward, her son the young Prince Consort, and her son Lord Gray, were both executed in 1483, by the notorious Richard III.

    Burkes Peerage says: “The family of Gray is of great antiquity in Northumberland. Henry de Gray obtained from King Richard I (1190), the manor of Turoc in Essex. Sir John Gray, Knight of Berwick, 1372, was father of Sir Thomas of Berwick and Chillingham. Sir Edward de Gray married daughter and heiress of Henry heir apparent of William.”

    The union of the Grays with the royal line of Tudor was by the marriage of the duke of Suffolk, with Mary, daughter of Henry VII and the sister of Henry VIII. Mary was the widow of King Louis XII of France, who had died January 1, 1515. The tragic fate of their daughter, Lady Jane Gray, who reigned briefly as an unwilling Queen, has attracted the attention and enlisted the sympathies of the world. The story of her pure and beautiful life and of her heroic death will long illuminate the pages of one of the most eventful periods of English history. Her execution, 1554, was soon followed by that of her father, the Duke of Suffolk, and his brothers, Lord John and Lord Thomas Gray.

    The Grays were not restored to their rights and court favor until the accession of James I, 1603. Since then they have repeatedly distinguished themselves in politics, literature, and the learned professions and still continue prominently represented among the titled nobility in England, Scotland and Ireland. In modern times they have contributed poets, statesmen and military commanders in the British realm.

    A.P. Clarke in the “Clarkes Genealogies” quotes from the The Parish Registers of Stapleford Tawney, Essex Co., England, as printed at the private press of Frederick Arthur Crisp, Grove Park, Denmark Hill, London, S.E., 1892, states that John Gray of that place had the following children: Richard, baptized August 1608, buried October 9, 1613. Joshua, baptized November 25, 1610, buried January 20, 1621. John, baptized 1612. Sarah, baptized January 12, 1616, married Thomas Harding May 30, 1642. Rebecca, baptized 1615, married Thomas Perry May 28, 1650. Joan, buried February 12, 1621. Edward, baptized April 15, 1623 (no further mention). Thomas, baptized July 16, 1620 (no further mention). It is to be presumed that John Gray was not native to Stapleford Tawney, but was only a resident of that parish for some years.

    A John Gray was buried May 28, 1658. This could have been either the father or the son. John Gray was married before going to Stapleford, and in Harrow-on-the-Hill church records there is a John Gray baptized February 2, 1589 and married on October 6, 1606 to Elizabeth Ward. These dates would correspond with John of Stapleford, as his eldest child was born in 1608.

    It appears that the Gray family was from Harwich, Essex, as a John and Thomas Gray were living there in 1579. Six of the names in the John Gray family of Stapleford were similar to the names in Edward Grays family. They were John, Elizabeth, Edward, Sarah, Thomas and Rebecca.

    It is believed that John Gray of Stapleford Tawney descended from the Dorset branch of the Gray family. The Dorset Grays are of great antiquity, and were for many generations in high favor with the English kings. Members of this family were for centuries seated in Westminster and in other sections in and about London.

    Edward Gray, son of John of Stapleford, the progenitor of this branch of the family was in Plymouth in 1643. Family legend says that he and brother Thomas were sent to America by relatives who were scheming for the property that Edward and Thomas were to inherit. Edward was a leading citizen and merchant in Plymouth. When he died in June, 1681, he left the largest estate up to that time in Plymouth. His holdings included nine thirtieths of the land company which eventually formed Tiverton and Little Compton, RI. as described in what is called the Grand Deed. Thomas died in Plymouth June 7, 1654.

    Edward, son of Edward of Plymouth, went on to be a founder of Tiverton, Rhode Island. This Edward was a farmer and active in civic affairs. Edward of Tiverton had a son William whose son Robert was the discoverer of the Columbia river in Washington state. Robert also had a commission issued by George Washington as a privateer during the Revolutionary War.

    David Gray of Tiverton was captured by the British during the war and taken to England where he was imprisioned. He escaped and, by traveling at night, was able to get to the coast and over to France where he got money from Benjamin Franklin for passage home.

  3. Renee says:

    http://www.ibydeit.org/about-notable.php
    Distinguished Members of the Nesbitt/Nisbet Clan
    Murdoch Nisbet, of Hardhill, born circa 1470 in the parish of Loudon and shire of Ayr, joined the Lollards, the first name given to the British Protestants and translated Purvey’s Revision of Wycliffe’s New Testament into Scots. The original text was found and purchased in 1889-90 by “Text Society of Edinburgh.” Experts consider it very valuable as it maybe the purest form of Gaelic found to date.

    Captain John Nesbit, born 1627, “Hero of Drumclog”, After the battle of Bothwell Brig, he was denounced as a rebel and a price put on his head. He fled to the hills. His goods and gear was taken by the King and his wife and daughter were killed. Hearing the news, Capt John returned to avenge their death, but was captured and hanged in Glasgow in December of 1685.

    Alexander Nisbet (1657-1725), heraldic writer, studied at Edinburgh University in 1675, and then became a private student of heraldry, making a living as a writer in Edinburgh. Nisbet’s historical significance lies partly in his manuals on Scottish heraldry, but mainly on his comprehensive survey of the heraldry of Scottish families, A System of Heraldry, Speculative and Practical: With the True Art of Blazon. This remains much cited, in part because Nisbet took a clear-headed view of heraldic practice, and partly because the book is a record of arms and family papers long since lost.

    Rev. Dr. Charles Nesbit (1736-1804) studied theology at Divinity Hall. Active, studious, and blessed with a remarkable memory, Nisbet could speak nine languages, and developed a high reputation in Scotland for scholarship. He became a member of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and was outspoken in his defense of strict Calvinism. He was awarded a doctorate of divinity degree from Princeton University in 1783; it was Nisbet who had recommended fellow scotsman John Witherspoon for that institution’s presidency. He become the first president of Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA in 1783, and he did the noble honor of officiating the marriage of the Rev. Jonathan Witherspoon, signer of the Declaration of Independance. He died January 18, 1804.

    John Maxwell Nesbitt, born about 1730 Loughbrickland, County Down, Ireland, was the son of Jonathan Nesbitt. He came to America in 1747 and was apprenticed to learn the shipping trade in Philadelphia. In 1756 he formed a partnership in the shipping firm “Conyngham and Nesbitt” where he later became president. He held many offices in social and businesses of early Philadelphia: President of the Insurance Co. of North America, Board of Directors of The Bank of North America, Warden of the Port of Philadelphia, Paymaster of the State Navy, Founding member of the Hibernian Society of Philadelphia, V.P. of the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, and others. John Maxwell Nesbitt died in 1802, unmarried, and leaving most of his fortune to his business partners at Conyngham and Nesbitt.

    Famous Nesbitt/Nisbets

    Mary Nisbet, Countess of Elgin, born April 18,1778, Dirleton – died July 9, 1855 was the first wife of British diplomat Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin during his term as Ambassador Extraodinare to the Ottoman Empire and one of the most influential and wealthiest heiresses of the late 18th and early 19th century. As the niece of the 3rd Duke of Rutland (who was one of the few individuals invited to witness the birth of the future George IV of the United Kingdom) and first cousin to the current 4th Duke of Rutland, Mary Manners travelled in the very highest of social circles. William Nisbet was a member of the small group of people who controlled the vasts amounts of land in Scotland. Mary Nisbet is one of the central characters in Karen Essex’s novel, Stealing Athena (2008).

    Evelyn Nesbit (December 25, 1884 – January 17, 1967) born in Tarentum, a small village near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was the artists’ model and chorus girl who was at the heart of what at the time was known as the Crime of the Century. Her abusive husband, Pittsburgh millionaire Harry Thaw, murdered 52-year old architect and socialite Stanford White who had taken advantage of a sixteen-year old Evelyn and subsequently become her lover a couple of years before Thaw and she married. The book Ragtime and the musical of the same name revolve around this “Crime of the Century.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evelyn_Nesbit

    http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/notorious_murders/classics/white/3.html

  4. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Coffin_Little
    Charles Coffin Little (25 July 1799 Kennebunk, Maine – 11 August 1869 Cambridge, Massachusetts) was a U.S. publisher. He is best known for co-founding Little, Brown and Company with James Brown.

    [edit] BiographyLittle arrived in Boston early in life.[1] He entered a shipping house,[1] and around 1826-1827 worked with booksellers Hilliard, Gray, Little & Wilkins in Boston, along with William Hilliard, Harrison Gray, and John H. Wilkins.[2][3] He worked there until 1837, when he formed his partnership with James Brown under the style of Charles C. Little and Company. Little and Brown had previously been clerks, and were later partners, in a bookstore in Boston founded in 1784 by Ebenezer Battelle. The name of Little and Brown’s firm was subsequently changed, due to the admission of other partners, to Little, Brown, and Co.

  5. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harrison_Gray_Otis_(publisher)
    Harrison Gray Otis (1837–1917) was the president and general manager of the Times-Mirror Company, publisher of the Los Angeles Times.

    Otis was born near Marietta, Ohio, on February 10, 1837, the son of Stephen and Sara Otis. His father was from Vermont and his mother, a native of Nova Scotia, Canada, came to Ohio from Boston, Massachusetts, with her family. The young Otis received schooling until he was fourteen, when he became a printer’s apprentice.[1]

    Otis and Eliza Ann Wetherby were married in Lowell, Ohio, on September 11, 1859, and they had three daughters, Lillian Otis McPherson, Marian Otis Chandler, who was secretary of Times-Mirror, and Mabel Otis Booth.[1]

    He was a Kentucky delegate to the Republican National Convention that nominated Abraham Lincoln for president in 1860. At the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, he left his job as a compositor in the office of the Louisville Journal to volunteer as a private for the Union army. Otis fought in the 23rd Ohio Infantry. He was promoted through the ranks and was made on officer, a lieutenant, in November 1862 and left the Army in July 1865 as a captain.[1]

    He was wounded twice in battle, was “twice breveted for gallant and meritorious conduct” and was promoted seven times.[2]

    [edit] JournalismAfter the war, Otis was Official Reporter of the Ohio House of Representatives, then moved to Washington, D.C., where he was a government official, correspondent and editor.[1] In 1876, he and his family moved to Santa Barbara, California, which had a population then of about 3,000, and he purchased a local newspaper, the Santa Barbara Press, from C.W. Hollister, effective March 11 of that year.[3] He gave up journalism temporarily in 1879 when he was offered the post of chief government agent or special treasury agent[4] of the Northern Seal Islands, now known as the Pribilof Islands, in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of the newly acquired territory of Alaska. He left that position in 1881 to return to Santa Barbara.[1]

    Otis was editing his newspaper there when he went to Los Angeles — a larger city with a population of some 12,500 — and agreed with the firm of Yarnell, Caystile & Mathes to take over editorial responsibilities at the Los Angeles Daily Times, now the Los Angeles Times. Beginning August 1, 1882, he was to “have the editorial conduct of the Daily Times and Weekly Mirror,” according to an announcement in the Times.[5] Later the company was named Times-Mirror, and on April 6, 1886, it was reorganized, with Albert McFarland and W.A. Spalding as owners and Otis as president and general manager.[6] That was Otis’s official title at the time of his death in 1917. The Times story about his demise noted that the Times-Mirror Company was “publishers [sic] of the Los Angeles Daily Times.” The article called Otis the “principal owner” of the newspaper but never referred to him as publisher.[7][8] Eleven years earlier, however the Associated Press had called him “publisher of the Los Angeles Times.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marian_Otis_Chandler
    She was born as Emma Marian Otis July 1, 1866, in Marietta, Ohio,[1] to Harrison Gray Otis (publisher) and Eliza Ann Wetherby. Marian had three sisters, Mabel, Lilian, and Esther (who died in infancy),[citation needed] and a brother (who died within days of his birth).[citation needed]

    In 1894, Marian married Harry Chandler, who later became publisher of the Times. Their son, Norman Chandler (1899–1973), also became publisher of the newspaper. Their daughter, Helen, was born February 17, 1907, in Los Angeles.

    After the death of her husband in 1944, Mrs. Chandler resigned as secretary; a month later she was elected chairman of the Times-Mirror board. She also was vice president of the Chandis Securities Company and vice-president of the Southwest Land Company and the Southwest Company. She was known for her numerous philanthropies.[1]

    She died on August 9, 1952 in San Marino, California.[2] She was buried in Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Hollywood, California. She left seven children — Mrs. Roger Goodan, Mrs. Earle E. Crowe, Mrs. John J. Garland, Mrs. James G. Boswell, Norman Chandler. Philip Chandler and Harrison Chandler, as well as a sister, Mabel Otis Booth.[1]

    [edit] LegacyThe community of Reseda, California, was originally named Marian, after Mrs. Chandler.[3]
    A freighter ship built in 1917 (originally named War Flame but known as Empire Leopard when torpedoed and sunk November 2, 1942, by the German submarine U-402) was bought in 1929 by the Los Angeles Steamship Company and renamed Marian Otis Chandler, holding that name until it was sold again in 1939.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorothy_Buffum_Chandler

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Chandler

    ***NOTE*** LITTLE***
    Harry Chandler (May 17, 1864 – September 23, 1944) was an American newspaper publisher and investor who became owner of the largest real estate empire in the U.S.[citation needed]

    Contents [hide]
    1 Biography
    2 City Politics
    3 References
    4 Further reading

    [edit] BiographyHarry was born in Landaff, New Hampshire to Moses K. and Emma J. (Little) Chandler.[1] He attended Dartmouth College, and on a dare, he jumped into a vat of starch that had frozen over during winter, which led to severe pneumonia. He withdrew from Dartmouth and moved to Los Angeles for his health.

    In Los Angeles, while working in the fruit fields, he started a small delivery company that soon became responsible for also delivering many of the city’s morning newspapers, which put him in contact with Los Angeles Times publisher Harrison Gray Otis. Otis liked this entrepreneurial young man and hired him as the Times’ general manager. Harry’s first wife had died in childbirth and he went on to marry Otis’s daughter, Marian Otis. Upon Otis’s death in 1917, Harry took over the reins as publisher of the Times, transforming it into the leading newspaper in the West and at times the most successful: for three straight years in the 1920s, under his leadership, the Times led all other American newspapers in advertising space and amount of classified ads.

    Much of his boundless energy and dreams were however directed to transforming Los Angeles. As a community builder and large-scale real estate speculator, he became arguably the leading citizen of Los Angeles in the first half of the 20th century. Chandler was directly involved with helping to found the following: the Los Angeles Coliseum (and bringing the 1932 Summer Olympics to L.A.), the Biltmore Hotel, the Douglas Aircraft Company, the Hollywood Bowl, The Ambassador Hotel, the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), the Automobile Club of Southern California, KHJ radio station, Trans World Airlines, the San Pedro Harbor, the Los Angeles Athletic Club, the California Club, The Pacific Electric Cars, the Los Angeles Art Association, the Santa Anita Park racetrack, the Los Angeles Steamship Company, the Ahwahnee Hotel in Yosemite National Park, and the restoration of downtown’s Olvera Street and Chinatown.

    As a real estate investor, he was a partner in syndicates that owned and developed much of the San Fernando Valley, as well as the Hollywood Hills (Hollywoodland). The Hollywoodland sign was used to promote the development. Chandler’s other real estate projects included Mulholland Drive, much of Dana Point, the Tejon Ranch (281,000 acres (1,140 km²) in Southern California), the Vermejo Park Ranch (340,000 acres (1,400 km²) in New Mexico), and the C&M ranch (832,000 acres (3,370 km²) in northern Baja, Mexico). At one point these investments made him the largest private landowner in the U.S., while at the same time, he was an officer or director in thirty-five California corporations, including oil, shipping, and banking.

    Harry Chandler was a notable eugenicist during his time as President of the Los Angeles Times, and was a member of the Human Betterment Foundation, an organization headed by Ezra Gosney.[2]

    He and Marian had eight children;, his oldest son, Norman, followed him as publisher of the Times.

    Harry Chandler died on September 23, 1944 from a heart attack. He and Marian are buried at Hollywood Forever Cemetery on Santa Monica Boulevard. Harrison Gray Otis’s memorial is nearby.

    Chandler Boulevard, a major street in the San Fernando Valley, is named for Harry Chandler.

  6. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virginia_Grey
    Virginia Grey (March 22, 1917 – July 31, 2004)[1] was an American actress.

    She was born in Los Angeles, California, the daughter of director Ray Grey. One of her early babysitters was movie star Gloria Swanson. Grey debuted at the age of ten in the silent film Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1927) as Little Eva. She continued acting for a few more years, but then left movies in order to finish her education.[1]

    Grey returned to films in the 1930s with bit parts and extra work, but she eventually signed a contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and appeared in several films, including The Hardys Ride High (1939), Another Thin Man (1939), Hullabaloo (1940), and The Big Store (1941).[1] She left MGM in 1942, and signed with several different studios over the years, working steadily. During the 1950s and 1960s, producer Ross Hunter frequently included Grey in his popular soap melodramas, such as All That Heaven Allows, Back Street and Madame X.[1]

    She had an on again/off again relationship with Clark Gable in the 1940s. After his wife Carole Lombard died and he returned from military service, Clark and Virginia were often seen at restaurants and nightclubs together. Many, including Virginia herself, expected him to marry her. The tabloids were all expecting the wedding announcement. It was a great surprise when he hastily married Lady Sylvia Ashley in 1949. Virginia was heartbroken. They divorced in 1952, but much to Virginia’s dismay their brief romance was never rekindled. Her friends say that her hoping and waiting for Clark was the reason she never married.[1]

    She was a regular on television in the 1950s and 1960s, appearing on Playhouse 90, General Electric Theater, The DuPont Show with June Allyson, Your Show of Shows, Wagon Train, Bonanza, Marcus Welby, M.D., Love, American Style, Burke’s Law, The Virginian, Peter Gunn and many others.

    Ray Grey (February 19, 1890, San Diego, California – April 18, 1925, Glendale, California) was an American film director and film actor and the father of actress Virginia Grey.

    Grey got his start as an actor in Mack Sennett’s Keystone Studios films. His debut was in A Movie Star (1916). In the early 1920s, he switched off between being the main director of features and being a second unit or assistant director, such as with the film Molly O’ (1921).

    Primary directed such films as Among Those Present (1919), Andy Takes a Flyer (1925), and Between Meals (1926). The last film was released after Grey’s early death at age 35 from pneumonia.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ross_Hunter

    Ross Hunter (May 6, 1920 – March 10, 1996) was a Hollywood film producer.

    Hunter was born in Cleveland, Ohio as Martin Fuss. After serving in Army intelligence during World War II, he signed a movie contract with Columbia Pictures and acted in a number of B-movie musicals. Success followed when he became a film producer attaining a staff producer post at Universal-International in 1953 on the strength of his previous credits as a theatrical producer and director. A gay man,[1] Hunter was known for producing what were considered ‘light’ films starring actresses including Doris Day, Debbie Reynolds (the Tammy films) and (later) Julie Andrews. He was also known for producing Douglas Sirk melodramas such as Imitation of Life with Lana Turner and several with Rock Hudson.

    In 1970 he had a major box office hit with Airport. After the 1973 version of Lost Horizon flopped, he worked for Paramount Pictures on a string of television movies.

    He died in Los Angeles, California in 1996.

    [edit] Quote”The way life looks in my pictures is how I want life to be. I don’t want to hold a mirror up to life as it is”.[1]
    [edit] Selected filmographyNaked Alibi (1954) (producer)
    Magnificent Obsession (1954) (producer)
    Taza, Son of Cochise (1954) (producer)
    All That Heaven Allows (1955) (producer)
    Captain Lightfoot (1955) (producer)
    Battle Hymn (1957) (producer)
    My Man Godfrey (1957) (producer)
    Tammy and the Bachelor (1957) (producer)
    This Happy Feeling (1958) (producer)
    The Restless Years (1958) (producer)
    Imitation of Life (1959) (producer)
    Pillow Talk (1959) (producer)
    Midnight Lace (1960) (producer)
    Portrait in Black (1960) (producer)
    Back Street (1961) (producer)
    Tammy Tell Me True (1961)
    Flower Drum Song (1961) (producer)
    If a Man Answers (1962) (producer)
    Tammy and the Doctor (1963)(producer)
    The Thrill of It All (1963) (producer)
    The Chalk Garden (1964) (producer)
    I’d Rather Be Rich (1964)(producer)
    The Art of Love (1965)(producer)
    Madame X (1966) (producer)
    Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967) (producer)
    Rosie! (producer)
    Airport (1970) (producer)
    Lost Horizon (1973) (producer)
    [edit] References^ a b David Shipman “Obituary: Ross Hunter”, The Independent, March 13, 1996
    [edit] External links Biography portal
    Ross Hunter at the Internet Movie Database
    Ross Hunter at Find a Grave

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ross_Perot

  7. Renee says:

    She had children with her plantation owner Mr THOMPSON*

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clementine_Hunter

    I am not their biggest FAN…
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hunter_Douglas

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McDonnell_Douglas

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kirk_Douglas

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Buydens
    *ROBINETTE*
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Biden

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diana_Dill

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catherine_Zeta-Jones

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hunter_S._Thompson

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomson_Reuters

    Thomson Reuters Corporation is a Canadian media and financial-data firm based in New York City. It was created by the Thomson Corporation’s purchase of Reuters Group on 17 April 2008.[3] The Woodbridge Company, a holding company for the Thomson family of Canada, owns 53% of the group,[4] which operates in 100 countries, and has 60,000 employees. Thomson Reuters was ranked as Canada’s “leading corporate brand” in the 2010 Interbrand Best Canadian Brands ranking.[5] It is headquartered at 3 Times Square, Manhattan, New York City.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Woodbridge_Company

    The Woodbridge Company Limited is a Canadian private holding company and the principal and controlling shareholder (55 percent) of Thomson Reuters. Thomson Reuters was formed in 2008, when The Thomson Corporation acquired Reuters.

    The company also owns the largest (85 percent) interest in The Globe and Mail Inc. In late 2010, Woodbridge sold its 40-percent interest in CTVglobemedia, a Canadian multimedia company with ownership of CTV, to BCE Inc.[1]

    Woodbridge is the primary investment vehicle for members of the family of the late Roy Thomson, the first Lord Thomson of Fleet. David Thomson and his brother, Peter Thomson, became chairmen of Woodbridge upon the death of their father, Kenneth Thomson in 2006. Woodbridge is based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Geoff Beattie is president of the company.

    [edit] See alsoTorstar
    Metroland Media Group
    Star Media Group
    Quebecor Media
    Sun Media
    Postmedia Network – successor to Canwest and Southam Newspapers
    [edit] References^ Canada (2010-09-10). “Woodbridge Acquires Direct Ownership of The Globe and Mail”. CNW. http://www.newswire.ca/en/releases/archive/September2010/10/c8647.html. Retrieved 2011-01-05.
    [edit] External linksProfile of The Woodbridge Company

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Thomson_Corporation
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lord_Thomson_of_Fleet

    Thomson was born on June 5, 1894 in Toronto, Ontario. He was the son of Herbert Thomson, a telegraphist turned barber who worked at Toronto’s Grosvenor Hotel, and English-born Alice Coombs. Herbert was born in Toronto to parents Hugh Thomson and Mary Nichol Sylvester. His father was one of ten children of George Thomson, son of Archibald Thomson, brother of David Thomson, first settler of Scarborough, Ontario. He left Canada following the disappearance of George Thomson to New York City and returned later to settle in Toronto permanently.

    [edit] CareerDuring World War I, Roy Thomson attended a business college, and owing to bad eyesight he was rejected by the army. He went to Manitoba after the war to become a farmer, but was unsuccessful. Thomson travelled to Toronto again, where he held several jobs at different times; one of which was selling radios. However, he found selling radios difficult because the only district left for him to work in was Northern Ontario. In order to give his potential customers something to listen to he undertook to establish a radio station. By quite a stroke of luck, he was able to procure a radio frequency and transmitter for $201. CFCH officially went on the air in North Bay, Ontario on March 3, 1931. He sold radios for quite some time after that, but his focus gradually shifted to his radio station, rather than the actual radios.

    In 1934, Thomson acquired his first newspaper. With a down payment of $200 he purchased the Timmins Daily Press, in Timmins, Ontario. He would begin an expansion of both radio stations and newspapers in various Ontario locations in partnership with fellow Canadian, Jack Kent Cooke. In addition to his media acquisitions, by 1949 Thomson was the owner of a diverse group of companies, including several ladies’ hairstyling businesses, a fitted kitchen manufacturer, and an ice-cream cone manufacturing operation. By the early 1950s, he owned 19 newspapers and was president of the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers Association, and then began his first foray into the British newspaper business by starting up the Canadian Weekly Review to cater to expatriate Canadians living in Britain.

    Thomson’s ancestors were small tenant farmers on the estates of the Dukes of Buccleuch at Bo’ness, in the parish of Westerkirk, Dumfriesshire, Scotland. Thomson’s ancestor, Archibald Thomson (born May 1749), migrated to British North America in 1773, marrying Elizabeth McKay, of Quebec. The family eventually settled in Upper Canada, but retained a sentimental attachment to their country of origin. As a result, Thomson himself made the decision to move to Edinburgh where in 1952 he purchased The Scotsman newspaper.

    In 1957, he launched a successful bid for the commercial television franchise for Central Scotland, named Scottish Television, which he was to describe as a “licence to print money”. In 1959 he purchased the Kemsley group of newspapers, the largest in Britain, which included The Sunday Times. Over the years, he would expand his media empire to include more than 200 newspapers in Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom. His Thomson Organization became a multinational corporation, with interests in publishing, printing, television, and travel. In 1966, Thomson bought The Times newspaper from members of the Astor family.

    In the 1970s, Thomson joined with J. Paul Getty in a consortium that successfully explored for oil in the North Sea.

    A modest man, who had little time for pretentious displays of wealth, in Britain he got by virtually unnoticed, riding the London Underground to his office each day. Nonetheless, he made his son Kenneth promise to use the hereditary title that he had received in 1964, if only in the London offices of the firm.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenneth_Thomson,_2nd_Baron_Thomson_of_Fleet

    Kenneth Thomson was born on September 1, 1923 in North Bay, Ontario. He was the son of the late Roy Thomson. The family moved from the United Kingdom to Canada when Roy Thomson was young. The elder Thomson was the founder of the Thomson Corporation, a forerunner of Thomson Reuters. Thomson Corporation was formerly best known as a newspaper company whose properties included The Times, but has since Roy’s death divested almost all its traditional newspaper assets in favour of electronic information services and products, save The Globe and Mail daily.

    Kenneth Thomson was educated at Upper Canada College in Toronto and at St. John’s College of the University of Cambridge in the UK (he received his degree in Economics and Law). During World War II, he served in the Royal Canadian Air Force. Following the war, he completed his education and entered the family business. In 1956, he married Nora Marilyn Lavis, with whom he had three children: David, Peter, and Lynne (now known as Taylor).

    [edit] Media ownerOn his father’s death, Thomson succeeded as 2nd Lord Thomson of Fleet. However, Thomson never used his noble title in Canada and never took up his seat in the House of Lords. In a 1980 interview with Saturday Night magazine he said “In London I’m Lord Thomson, in Toronto I’m Ken. I have two sets of Christmas cards and two sets of stationery. You might say I’m having my cake and eating it too. I’m honouring a promise to my father by being Lord Thomson, and at the same time I can just be Ken.”[3]

    He also succeeded his father as chair of what was then a media empire made up of extensive newspaper and television holdings. The Thomson media empire added the prestigious Globe and Mail in Toronto to The Times and Sunday Times in Britain and The Jerusalem Post in Israel. Under Lord Thomson of Fleet, the Thomson Corporation sold its North Sea oil holdings and sold The Times to Rupert Murdoch’s News Corporation and the Jerusalem Post to Conrad Black’s Hollinger Inc. The Globe and Mail was combined with BCE’s cable and television assets (including CTV and The Sports Network) to form Bell Globemedia, controlled by BCE with Thomson as a minority shareholder. The company then sold all of its community newspapers to become a financial data services giant and one of the world’s most powerful information services and academic publishing companies. Today, the company operates primarily in the United States from its headquarters in Stamford, Connecticut. In 2002, The Thomson Corporation was listed on the New York Stock Exchange as “TOC”.

    According to Forbes Magazine in 2005, the Thomson family is the richest in Canada, and Lord Thomson of Fleet was the fifteenth richest person in the world, with a personal net worth of US $17.9 billion. Between the time of that report and his death, he jumped six positions to ninth with assets of almost $22.6 billion.

    Over the past fifty years, Thomson distinguished himself as one of North America’s leading art collectors and has been a major benefactor to the Art Gallery of Ontario. In 2002 he paid the highest price ever for a Canadian painting when he purchased Canadian artist Paul Kane’s Scene in the Northwest: Portrait of John Henry Lefroy.[4] At a Sotheby’s auction that year, Thomson purchased Peter Paul Rubens’ painting The Massacre of the Innocents for £49.5 million (CAD $117 million).[4]

    [edit] Personal lifeIn 1956, Thomson married Nora Marilyn Mavis, a model. They had three children: David (b. 1957), Peter (b. 1959), and their daughter (originally called Lynne or Lesley) Taylor (b. 1965).

    ***NOTE* Shirley Thompson ***

    http://www.advpubgrp.com/
    Baker & Taylor Publishing Group
    Baker & Taylor Publishing Group specializes in adult trade, promotional and juvenile books, delighting readers of all ages.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baron_Thomson_of_Fleet

    Mothers name was Fanny June Taylor *
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katherine_Dunham

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Taylor_Homes
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valerie_Jarrett
    Jarrett was born in Shiraz, Iran to American parents James E. Bowman and Barbara Taylor Bowman. Her father, a pathologist and geneticist, ran a hospital for children in Shiraz in 1950, as part of a program where American physicians and agricultural experts sought to help jump-start developing countries’ health and farming efforts.

    When she was five, the family moved to London for one year, returning to Chicago in 1963.[3]

    In 1966 her mother was one of four child advocates that created the Erikson Institute. The Institute was established to provide advanced knowledge in child development for teachers and other professionals working with young children.[4]

    As a child she spoke Persian and French.[5]

    Jarrett graduated from Northfield Mount Hermon in 1974. She earned a B.A. in Psychology from Stanford University in 1978, and a Juris Doctor (J.D.) from the University of Michigan Law School in 1981.[6]

    In 1983 Jarrett married William Robert Jarrett, son of famed Chicago Sun-Times reporter Vernon Jarrett. She attributes her switch from a private to a public career to their daughter Laura’s birth and her own desire to do something that would make the daughter proud.[7]

    To one reporter’s e-mailed question about her divorce, she replied, “Married in 1983, separated in 1987, and divorced in 1988. Enough said.”[7] In a Vogue profile, she further explained “We grew up together. We were friends since childhood. In a sense, he was the boy next door. I married without really appreciating how hard divorce would be.”[7] William Jarrett died of a heart attack en route to the hospital November, 1993

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Taylor

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conrad_Hilton,_Jr.
    Conrad Nicholson “Nicky” Hilton, Jr. (July 6, 1926 – March 31, 1969) was an American socialite, hotel heir, businessman, and TWA director. He was one of the sons of Conrad Hilton (founder of Hilton Hotels).

    Contents [hide]
    1 Early life
    2 Personal life
    3 References
    4 Further reading

    [edit] Early lifeHilton was born in Dallas, Texas. His father was Conrad Nicholson Hilton, founder of Hilton Hotels, and his mother was Mary Adelaide (Barron). Hilton grew up with three siblings: William Barron Hilton, Eric Michael Hilton, and Constance Francesca Hilton. He was the great-uncle of Paris and Nicky Hilton, the latter sharing his nickname. He attended New Mexico Military Institute.

    [edit] Personal lifeHilton had an affair with his step-mother, Zsa Zsa Gabor, in 1944.[citation needed] He was Elizabeth Taylor’s first husband (May 6, 1950 – January 29, 1951) with the marriage ending in divorce.

    In 1958, Hilton married oil heiress Patricia “Trish” McClintock. They had two sons: Conrad Nicholson Hilton III and Michael Otis Hilton.[citation needed]

    Hilton died of a heart attack at the age of 42, brought about by many years of heavy alcohol consumption. He is interred in Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City.

  8. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomson_Corporation
    Again*

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apax_Partners
    Apax Partners LLP is a global private equity and venture capital firm, headquartered in London. The company also operates out of eight other offices in New York, Hong Kong, Mumbai, Tel-Aviv, Madrid, Stockholm, Milan and Munich. The firm, including its various predecessors, have raised approximately $35 billion (USD) dating back to 1969. Apax Partners is one of the oldest and largest private equity firms operating on an international basis, ranked the seventh largest private equity firm globally.[1]

    Apax invests exclusively in certain business sectors including: telecommunications, information technology, retail and consumer products, media, healthcare and financial and business services. As of the end of 2007, Apax had invested in approximately 340 companies in all stages of development.

    Apax raises capital for its investment funds through institutional investors including corporate and public pension funds, university and college endowments, foundations and fund of funds. One of the firm’s co-founders, Alan Patricof, was an early investor in Apple Computer and America Online (AOL).

    Contents [hide]
    1 History
    1.1 Patricof & Co. and MMG
    1.2 Apax in the 1980s, 1990s and the 21st century
    1.3 Saunders Karp & Megrue
    2 Investments
    3 References
    4 External links
    5 See also

    [edit] HistoryHistory of private equity
    and venture capital

    Early history
    (Origins of modern private equity)

    The 1980s
    (LBO boom)

    The 1990s
    (LBO bust and the VC bubble)

    The 2000s
    (Dot-com bubble to the credit crunch)

    v · t · e
    Apax Partners Worldwide is the product of the combination of three firms:

    Patricof & Co., founded in 1969 in New York by pioneering venture capitalist Alan Patricof;
    Multinational Management Group (MMG), founded in 1972 by Sir Ronald Cohen and Maurice Tchénio;[2]
    Saunders Karp & Megrue, founded in 1988 by Thomas A. Saunders III and Allan W. Karp and joined by John Megrue in 1992.
    [edit] Patricof & Co. and MMGIn 1969, Alan Patricof founded Patricof & Co. a firm dedicated to making investments in “development capital” later known as “venture capital,” primarily in small early-stage companies. Patricof, one of the early venture capitalists, was involved in the development of numerous major companies including America Online, Office Depot, Cadence Design Systems, Apple Computer and FORE Systems.[3] In 1975, Patricof launched 53rd Street Ventures, a $10 million vehicle.

    Meanwhile, in 1972, Sir Ronald Cohen and Maurice Tchénio, along with two other partners, founded Multinational Management Group (MMG) with offices in London, Paris, and Chicago. MMG initially was established as an advisory firm, working with small emerging companies, rather than an investment firm. However, MMG initially struggled to gain traction amid the negative economic conditions, particularly in the UK in the mid-1970s.

    By 1977, two of the original four founding partners had left MMG, leaving Cohen and Tchénio in need of a partner to help rejuvenate their firm. In that year, Cohen approached Alan Patricof to join them and run the new firm’s investments in the U.S. The new firm would be known as Alan Patricof Associates (APA) and ultimately come to be known as Apax Partners (based on a play on Patricof’s name: Alan Patricof Associates Cross (x) Border). Following the merger, MMG abandoned its advising business, and the new APA shifted its focus exclusively to investing in start-up companies.

    [edit] Apax in the 1980s, 1990s and the 21st centuryThroughout the 1980s, the firm grew steadily raising capital under a series of separate funds. As the 1980s progressed, the firm introduced its first later stage venture fund in 1984, its first growth capital fund in 1987 and its first dedicated European leveraged buyout fund MMG Patricof European Buy-In Fund in 1989.[4] In response to the changing conditions, in the venture capital industry in the 1980s Apax (and other early venture capital firms including Warburg Pincus and J.H. Whitney & Company) began to transition away from venture capital toward leveraged buyouts and growth capital investments, which were in vogue in that decade.[5][6] This trend was more prevalent in Europe than the U.S. where Patricof preferred to continue focusing on venture investments.

    In 1991, Apax Partners became the official name for all of its European operations however the U.S. business still operated under the Patricof & Co. name. By the mid-1990s Apax had become one of the larger private equity firms globally.

    In 2000, Patricof & Co. adopted the Apax Partners branding and formalized its affiliation with its European business. The U.S. business would operate as Apax Partners, Inc.[2] The following year, Patricof stepped back from day-to-day management of Apax Partners, Inc., the US arm of the firm to return to his original focus on making venture capital investments in small early-stage companies. In 2006, Patricof left Apax to form Greycroft Partners which focuses on small early-stage venture capital investments.[7]

    Despite the closer relations between the U.S. and European teams, the firm still operated separate fund entities for each geography. The European side of the business began to pull away in terms of capital commitments, raising more than $5 billion for its 2004 vintage European fund but just $1 billion for its 2006 U.S. vintage fund.[4]

    [edit] Saunders Karp & MegrueIn 2005, Apax announced it would acquire middle market leveraged buyout firm Saunders Karp & Megrue to augment its buyout business in the United States Saunders Karp, formerly based in Stamford, Connecticut, was founded in 1989 by Thomas A. Saunders III and Allan W. Karp. John Megrue, who today heads Apax’s operations in the U.S., had worked as a principal at Patricof & Co. before joining Saunders Karp in 1992.[8] Saunders Karp had received capital commitments from institutional investors including AT&T Corporation, the General Electric Pension Trust, Goldman Sachs Private Equity Group, HarbourVest Partners, JP Morgan Fleming Asset Management, New York State Common Retirement Fund and Verizon, among others.

    Baron Thompson of Fleet connects to:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conrad_Black
    Conrad Moffat Black, Baron Black of Crossharbour, PC, OC, KCSG (born August 25, 1944) is a Canadian-born member of the House of Lords, a convicted felon, a historian, a columnist and publisher, who was for a time the third-largest newspaper magnate in the world.[2] Lord Black controlled Hollinger International, Inc. Through affiliates, the company published major newspapers including The Daily Telegraph (UK), Chicago Sun Times (U.S.), The Jerusalem Post (Israel), National Post (Canada), The Sydney Morning Herald (Australia), and hundreds of community newspapers in North America.

    Black is also an author, having written two memoirs (A Life in Progress and A Matter of Principle) and biographies of Maurice Duplessis, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and Richard Nixon. He writes a regular column for Canada’s National Post and contributes to The American Spectator, National Review Online, The Huffington Post and The Catholic Herald.

    Beginning in 2004, Black was the subject of a highly publicized prosecution in the United States. Black has publicly maintained his innocence since the original indictment.[3][4] He was convicted of three counts of fraud and one count of obstruction of justice in a U.S. court in 2007[5] and sentenced to six and a half years’ imprisonment. Two of the charges were overturned on appeal and in 2011 he was resentenced on the one remaining count of mail fraud and on the one count of obstruction of justice to a prison term of 42 months and a fine of US$125,000.[6] Black was released on May 4, 2012.[7]

    Contents [hide]
    1 Early life and family
    1.1 Education
    1.2 Marriages
    1.3 Religion
    2 Career
    2.1 Corporate ownership through holding companies
    2.2 Dominion pension dispute
    2.3 Industrial holdings shifted to publishing
    2.4 Growth and divestment of press holdings
    2.5 Fate of Hollinger
    3 Lifestyle
    4 Criminal fraud conviction and Supreme Court review
    5 SEC ruling
    6 Peerage controversy and citizenship
    7 Order of Canada
    8 Books and other publications
    9 Biographies and portrayal in popular culture
    10 References
    11 External links

    [edit] Early life and familyBlack was born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, to a wealthy family originally from Winnipeg, Manitoba. His father, George Montegu Black, Jr., C.A., was the president of Canadian Breweries Limited, an international brewing conglomerate that had earlier absorbed Winnipeg Breweries (founded by George Black Sr.). Conrad Black’s mother was the former Jean Elizabeth Riley, a daughter of Conrad Stephenson Riley, whose father founded the Great-West Life Assurance Company, and a great-granddaughter of an early co-owner of the Daily Telegraph.

    Biographer George Toombs said of Black’s motivations: “he was born into a very large family of athletic, handsome people. He wasn’t particularly athletic or handsome like they were, so he developed a different skill – wordplay, which he practised a lot with his father.”[8] Black has written that his father was “cultured [and] humorous” and that his mother was a “natural, convivial, and altogether virtuous person.”[9] Of his older brother George Montegu Black III (Monte), Black has written that he was “one of the greatest natural athletes I have known,” and that though “generally more sociable than I was, he was never a cad or even inconstant, or ever an ungenerous friend or less than a gentleman.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollinger_Inc.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_Thomson,_1st_Baron_Thomson_of_Fleet

    Born Roy Herbert Thomson
    (1894-06-05)June 5, 1894
    Toronto, Canada
    Died August 4, 1976(1976-08-04) (aged 82)
    London, England
    Known for Successful newspaper and other media entrepreneur.
    Children Kenneth Roy Thomson ,Irma Thomson Brydson, Audrey Campbell

    *NOTE***CAMPBELL*

  9. Renee says:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomson_Organization

    http://us.linkedin.com/pub/dir/J/Thompson
    http://www.linkedin.com/in/rebeccajthompson
    Current Senior Contracts Compliance Administrator at Bell Helicopter
    Past Contracts Manager at Vought Aircraft
    Compliance and Reporting Manager at Northrop Grumman Corporation
    Proposal Development at Northrop Grumman Corporation
    Product Manager at Sprint
    Financial Management Analyst at Anteon Corporation
    Contracts Manager at AIAG
    Graduate Gemologist/Sales Associate at Carlyle and Company and Gordon Corporation
    Business Development Manager at The Nathan Hale Group
    Business and Financial Analyst (Rebecca J. Trainor) at NAVAIR Consultant
    see less

    see all
    Education Radford University
    Radford University
    Recommendations 1 person has recommended Rebecca J.
    Connections 500+ connections
    Rebecca J. Thompson’s Summary
    A senior level business management and marketing professional with an experience base recognized for high organizational capabilities and insight, resulting in effective programs successfully exceeding their specific performance, cost, and schedule requirements.

    Specialties
    Proposal Development/Management, Business Development, SOX Compliance and Reporting, Knowledge Management, Product Management, Contracts Administration, Technical Writing, SharePoint site administration, Technology Change Agent

    Radford University (Rebecca J. Trainor) – BA – Business Marketing and Management 1981

    GIA Graduate Gemologist (G.G.) certification (Rebecca J. Hensel) – September 1993

    Bell Media *NOTE*
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bell_Globemedia

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