Continuing from part one.
Lets look here again;
Arthur Guinness (1724 or 1725 – 23 January 1803) was an Irish brewer and the founder of the Guinness brewery business and family. He was also an entrepreneur, visionary and philanthropist.
At 27, in 1752, Guinness’s godfather Arthur Price, the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Cashel, bequeathed him £100 in his will. Guinness invested the money and in 1755 had a brewery at Leixlip, just 17 km from Dublin. In 1759, Guinness went to the city and set up his own business. He took a 9,000 year lease on the 4-acre (16,000 m2) brewery at St. James’s Gate from Sir Mark Rainsford for an annual rent of £45.
Arthur Guinness was born into the Irish Protestant Guinness family, claimed to descend from the Gaelic Magennis clan of County Down. Recent DNA evidence however suggests descent from the McCartans, another County Down clan, whose spiritual home lay in the townland of Guinness near Ballynahinch, County Down.
Guinness’s place and date of birth are the subject of speculation. His gravestone in Oughterard, County Kildare says he died on 23 January 1803, at age 78, indicating that he was born some time in 1724 or very early in 1725. This contradicts the date of 28 September 1725 chosen by the Guinness company in 1991, apparently to end speculation about his birthdate. The place of birth was perhaps his mother’s home at Read homestead at Ardclough County Kildare.
In 2009 it was claimed he was born in nearby Celbridge where his parents lived in 1725 and where his father later became land steward for the Archbishop of Cashel, Dr. Arthur Price, and may have brewed beer for the other workers on the estate. In his will, Dr. Price left £100 each to Arthur and his father in 1752.
In 1761 he married Olivia Whitmore in St. Mary’s Church, Dublin, and they had 21 children, 10 of whom lived to adulthood. From 1764 they lived at Beaumont House, which he had built on a 51-acre (21 ha) farm, which is now a part of Beaumont Convalescent Home, behind the main part of Beaumont Hospital, between Santry and Raheny in north County Dublin. Beaumont (meaning beautiful hill) was named by him and the later Beaumont parish copied his original name. In his latter years he lived at Mountjoy Square in Dublin, which was then in the process of being built in the style of elegant Georgian architecture. Three of his sons were also brewers, and his other descendants eventually included missionaries, politicians and authors.
He was buried in his mother’s family plot at Oughterard, County Kildare in January 1803.
 PoliticsGuinness supported Henry Grattan in the 1780s and 1790s, not least because Grattan wanted to reduce the tax on beer. He was one of the four brewers’ guild representatives on Dublin Corporation from the 1760s until his death. Like Grattan, Guinness was publicly in favour of Catholic Emancipation from 1793, however, he was not a supporter of the United Irishmen during the 1798 rebellion. In general, the Guinness family became Irish Unionists and Arthur Guinness accepted the system, with Arthur “directly opposed to any movement toward Irish independence” and wanting “Ireland to remain under English control”. The reality for an 18th-century Dublin merchant was more complex, as Irish politics changed markedly after the closure of the Dublin parliament in 1801. Grattan’s policy from 1780 had secured a technically-independent Irish parliament by 1782 under the British crown, but this operated imperfectly; in 1800 Grattan led the opposition to the Act of Union with Britain.
 Brewer of porter
The 9,000 year lease on displayGuinness leased a brewery in Leixlip in 1755, brewing ale. Five years later he left his younger brother in charge of that enterprise and moved on to another in St. James’ Gate, Dublin, at the end of 1759. Visitors to the brewery can see the 9,000 year lease he signed for it, effective from 31 December 1759. By 1767 he was the master of the Dublin Corporation of Brewers. His first actual sales of porter were listed on tax (excise) data from 1778, and it seems that other Dublin brewers had experimented in brewing porter beer from the 1760s. His major achievement was in expanding his brewery in 1797–99. Thereafter he brewed only porter and employed members of the Purser family who had brewed porter in London from the 1770s. The Pursers became partners in the brewery for most of the 19th century. By his death in 1803 the annual brewery output was over 20,000 barrels. Subsequently Arthur and/or his beer was nicknamed “Uncle Arthur” in Dublin.
Group Captain Thomas Loel Evelyn Bulkeley Guinness OBE (9 June 1906 – 31 December 1988) was a British Conservative politician, Member of Parliament (MP) for Bath (1931–1945), business magnate and philanthropist. Guinness also financed the purchase of the Calypso for the famous oceanic explorer Jacques-Yves Cousteau and his movie The Silent World (1956).
Grave of Bridget Henrietta Frances Williams-Bulkeley, the mother of Thomas “Loel” Guinness, in Mougins, FranceRaised in the United States and England, Loel Guinness was a son of Benjamin Solomon Guinness (1868–1947), a lawyer from whom he inherited a fortune, and Bridget Henrietta Frances Williams-Bulkeley (d.1931). He was descended from Samuel Guinness, a Dublin goldsmith (1727–1795) and the younger brother of the Guinness brewery’s founder Arthur Guinness.
He also had two sisters:
Meraud Michelle Wemyss Guinness (1904–1993) who married Alvaro Guevara (1894–1951) in 1929.
Tanis Eva Bulkeley Guinness (1908–1993) who married:
The Honourable William Drogo Sturges Montagu (m.1931-1937), son of George Charles Montagu, 9th Earl of Sandwich.
Howard Dietz (m.1937-1951).
Lieutenant Commander Charles Edward Harold John Phillips, whom she married in 1951.
He was educated at Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He gained the rank of Lieutenant in the service of the Irish Guards. In 1929, after taking flying lessons, Mr. Guinness became one of the first private citizens in England to own an airplane and soon he was a member of the County of London’s Auxiliary Air Force. He later served as president of Air Work Ltd., an aircraft-parts supplier, and of British United Airways.
 First marriageUsually known as Loel Guinness, was most well known for his first marriage to the Honourable Joan Barbara Yarde-Buller (1908–1997), a daughter of the 3rd Lord Churston, who left him for Prince Aly Khan, the eldest son of the Aga Khan III. (Aly later married the actress Rita Hayworth ; Princess Joan Aly Khan married thirdly the 2nd Viscount Camrose and died as the Dowager Viscountess Camrose or Joan Berry, Viscountess Camrose). By Joan, he had a son:
Patrick Benjamin Guinness (1931–1965) who would later marry his stepsister in 1955.
Princess Ingrid of Sweden (1910–2000) was a godmother at christening of Patrick Benjamin, the infant son of Mr. and the Hon. Mrs. Loel Guinness at St Margaret’s, Westminster on 15 July 1931. The other godparents were Richard Francis Roger Yarde-Buller, 4th Baron Churston (1910–1991), Sir Philip Sassoon, 3rd Baronet (1888–1939), Mr. Walter Rosen (1875–1951), Judith Blunt-Lytton, 16th Baroness Wentworth (1873–1957), and Mrs. Richard Guinness (née Beatrice Mackay, formerly Mrs. Nico Jungman).
‘Ednyfed Fychan (c. 1170 – 1246), full name Ednyfed Fychan ap Cynwrig, was a Welsh warrior who became seneschal to the Kingdom of Gwynedd in Northern Wales, serving Llywelyn the Great and his son Dafydd ap Llywelyn. He was a descendant (9th in descent) of Marchudd ap Cynan, Lord of Rhos, Lord Protector of Rhodri Mawr, King of Gwynedd and an ancestor of Owen Tudor and thereby of the Tudor dynasty.
As is usual with medieval orthography, a variety of spellings were used for his name in medieval sources, such as Vychan and Idneved Vachan. Fychan, meaning literally “small” but also “junior” or “younger”, is the origin of the common Welsh personal name, Vaughan.
1 As a warrior
2 As seneschal
3 Later years and legacy
4 Ednyfed in legend: Ednyfed Fychan’s Farewell
 As a warriorEdnyfed is said to have first come to notice in battle, fighting against the army of Ranulph de Blondeville, 4th Earl of Chester, who attacked Llywelyn at the behest of King John of England. Ednyfed cut off the heads of three English lords in battle and carried them, still bloody, to Llywelyn, who commanded him to change his family coat of arms to display three heads in memory of the feat.
 As seneschalIn 1215, he succeeded Gwyn ab Ednywain as seneschal (“distain” in Welsh) of Gwynedd, roughly equivalent to Chief Councillor or Prime Minister. His titles included Lord of Bryn Ffanigl, Lord of Criccieth, and Chief Justice. He was involved in the negotiations leading to the Peace of Worcester in 1218 and represented Llywelyn in a meeting with the king of England in 1232.
Ednyfed had estates at Bryn Ffanigl Isaf near Abergele and at Llandrillo-yn-Rhos, now a suburb of Colwyn Bay. These were the palace of Llys Euryn, on the hill of Bryn Euryn, and Rhos Fynach, on the seashore below it. He also held lands in Llansadwrn and presumably also on Anglesey, where his son had his seat.
Ednyfed was married twice, first to Tangwystl Goch ferch Llywarch of Menai (but perhaps of Rhos?), the daughter of Llywarch ap Brân, then to Gwenllian, daughter of the prince Rhys ap Gruffydd of Deheubarth (order incorrect?).
Ednyfed probably went on a crusade to the Holy Land around 1235, although the evidence is not conclusive.
 Later years and legacyGwenllian died in 1236. On Llywelyn the Great’s death in 1240, Ednyfed continued as seneschal in the service of Llywelyn’s son, Dafydd ap Llywelyn, until his own death in 1246. One of his sons was captured and killed by the English in the war of 1245.
Ednyfed was buried in his own chapel, now Llandrillo yn Rhos Church, Llandrillo-yn-Rhos (Rhos-on-Sea), North Wales, which was enlarged to became the parish church after the previous one (Dinerth Parish Church) had been inundated by the sea during Ednyfed’s lifetime. His tombstone, was reputed to lie near the altar of Llandrillo Church, now in a vertical position in one of the arches., but this is disputed as the name inscribed is an Ednyfed ap Bleddyn ‘quondam vicarius’ (sometime vicar) of the parish in the 16th century.
Two other sons were successively seneschals of Gwynedd under Llywelyn the Last. After Llywelyn’s death in 1282, the family made its peace with the English crown, though a descendant joined the revolt of Madog ap Llywelyn in 1294-5, acting as Madog’s seneschal after his proclamation of himself as prince of Wales. Ednyfed’s son Goronwy gave rise to the Penmynydd branch of the family in Anglesey, from whom Owen Tudor and later Henry VII were descended.
Sir Owen Meredith Tudor (Welsh: Owain ap Maredudd ap Tewdwr pronounced [ˈəuain ap maˈrɛdɨð ap ˈtɛudʊr]; c. 1400 – 2 February 1461) was a Welsh soldier and courtier, descended from a daughter of the Welsh prince Rhys ap Gruffudd, “Lord Rhys”. However, Owen Tudor is particularly remembered for his role in founding England’s Tudor dynasty – including his relationship with, and probable secret marriage to, Catherine of Valois, widow of King Henry V of England.
1 Early life
3 Catherine of Valois
5 Participation in the Wars of the Roses
8 External links
 Early lifeOwen’s father Maredudd ap Tudur (English:Meredith) had been (together with his two brothers Rhys and Gwilym) stalwarts of Owain Glyndŵr’s uprising of 1400. When that uprising ebbed away Maredudd lost most of his land to the English Crown. He saw his chance to better his position in society by moving to London and changing his son’s name from Owain ap Maredydd to Owain Tudor. This is one of the first instances where a surname is used by Welshmen. Had he taken his father’s name (rather than his grandfather) the royal English Dynasty that ruled England for the next hundred years would have been called The Meredith Dynasty.
In London, Owen (or Owain) became the ward of his father’s second cousin, Lord Rhys. At the age of seven he was sent to the English court of Henry IV as page to the King’s Steward. He went on to fight for the English at Agincourt in 1415, and appears to have been promoted to squire for his efforts. After Agincourt he was granted “English rights” and permitted to use Welsh arms in England. (King Henry IV had deprived Welshmen of many civil rights).
Coat of arms of Owen Tudor Ednyfed Fychan
Goronwy ab Ednyfed
(also known as Tudur ap Goronwy)
Goronwy ap Tudur Hen
Elen ferch Tomos
(mother of Owain Glyndŵr) Marged ferch Tomos Tudur ap Goronwy
Maredudd ap Tudur
d.1406 Rhys ap Tudur
d. 1409 Gwilym ap Tudur
Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond
d. 1456 Jasper Tudor
Henry VII of England
Owen was a descendant of Rhys ap Gruffydd (1132–1197) via the lineages that follow:
Rhys had a daughter, Gwenllian ferch (daughter of) Rhys, who was married to Ednyfed Fychan, Seneschal of the Kingdom of Gwynedd (d. 1246).
Ednyfed Fychan and Gwenllian ferch Rhys were the parents of Goronwy, Lord of Tref-gastell (d. 1268). Goronwy was married to Morfydd ferch Meurig, daughter of Meurig of Gwent. (Meurig was the son of Ithel, grandson of Rhydd and great-grandson of Iestyn ap Gwrgant. Iestyn had been the last King of Gwent (reigned 1081–1091) before its conquest by the Normans.)
Goronwy and Morfydd were parents of Tudur Hen, Lord of Penmynydd (d. 1311). Tudur Hen later married Angharad ferch Ithel Fychan, daughter of Ithel Fychan ap Ithel Gan, Lord of Englefield. They were the parents of Goronwy ap Tudur, Lord of Penmynydd (d. 1331).
Goronwy ap Tudur was married to Gwerfyl ferch Madog, daughter of Madog ap Dafydd, Baron of Hendwr. They were the parents of Tudur Fychan, Lord of Penmynydd (d. 1367).
Tudur Fychan married Margaret ferch Thomas of Is Coeod,of the native and Ancient Royal Houses of Wales, Margaret and her sister Ellen and Eleanor were descended from Angharad ferch Llywelyn, daughter of Llewellyn the Great. (Margaret was the daughter of Thomas ap Llewelyn, Lord of Is Coed, South Wales, and his wife Eleanor ferch Philip. Margaret was descended independently from King John and his legitimised daughter Princess Joan, King John and his son Henry III and grandson Edward I. Margaret’s sister Ellen ferch Thomas was the mother of Owain Glendoŵr (the last native “Prince of Wales”). Her sister Eleanor ferch Thomas was the ancestor of the Newport family and the Earl of Bradford and the Lingen family and Baron Lingen of Lingen. Margaret’s paternal grandfather was Llewelyn ab Owain, Lord of Gwynnionydd. Her maternal grandfather was Philip ab Ifor, Lord of Is Coed.)(ref Visitation of Shropshire 1623,R Tresswell. Somerset Herald)
Tudur and Margaret were parents to
Maredudd ap Tudur (died 1406); Maredudd married Margaret ferch Dafydd. (Margaret was the daughter of Dafydd Fychan, Lord of Anglesey, and his wife, Nest ferch Ieuan.)
Maredudd ap Tudur and Margaret ferch Dafydd were the parents of Owen Tudor.
There is little doubt that Owen was of gentle birth. Queen Catherine, upon being denied permission by her son’s regents to wed John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, allegedly said upon leaving court, “I shall marry a man so basely, yet gently born, that my lord regents may not object.” (The objection to Somerset was that he was a second cousin of Henry V through the legitimised Beaufort line sired by John of Gaunt).
 Catherine of ValoisOwen entered the service of Queen Catherine of Valois as keeper of the Queen’s wardrobe, (essentially her major-domo) after the death of her husband Henry V of England on 22 August 1422. The Queen initially lived with her infant son, King Henry VI, before moving to Wallingford Castle early in his reign and taking Tudor with her. Catherine left court when her son’s regents, John of Bedford and Humphrey of Gloucester (brothers of Henry V) denied her permission to marry John Beaufort, Duke of Somerset and scion of a legitimised Plantagenet line. Ironically, Somerset became Henry VII’s other grandfather. No documentation survives of her marriage to Owen Tudor in 1429. Parliament passed a resolution in 1428 forbidding dowager queens to remarry without the king’s permission, so the marriage of Catherine and Owen Tudor may not have been legally valid. Still, they were communicants, and kept a chaplain. Henry VI in due time gave his two oldest Tudor half-brothers the rank of Earl though, as a signal recognition of their rank, they ranked above Marquesses and immediately below non-royal Dukes. Henry VI also issued an edict that the legitimisation of his two Tudor half-brothers was unnecessary. Henry VI knighted his stepfather Owen, made him Warden of Forestries, and appointed him a Deputy Lord Lieutenant. Prior to his creation as a Knight Bachelor, Owen, though excused from duty, was appointed an Esquire to the King’s Person. Ironically, many years later, in order that he could command Henry VI’s forces at Mortimer’s Cross, Owen was made a Knight Banneret.
 ChildrenOwen and Catherine had at least six children:
Thomas Tudor (6 November 1429 – Westminster Abbey, London, 1501, buried there). He became a Monk at Westminster Abbey. Known as Edward Bridgewater while a Monk.
Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond (1430 – 1 November 1456). He married Lady Margaret Beaufort, and fathered Henry Tudor, the future king. He died shortly before his son’s birth.
Jasper Tudor, 1st Earl of Pembroke and 1st Duke of Bedford (1431 – 21/26 December 1495). He married Catherine Woodville, daughter to Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg. Interestingly, Jasper married Catherine, the sister-in-law of Edward IV, in 1485, immediately after Henry VII married her niece Elizabeth of York, several months after Bosworth Field. Jasper had no legitimate children but did have two illegitimate children. One was Joan Tudor, an ancestor of Oliver Cromwell.
Owen Tudor (1432–1510). He became a Monk at Westminster Abbey.
Tacinda Tudor (b. 1433). She married Reginald Grey, Baron Grey of Wilton (1420/1421 – 22 February 1494), and had issue.
(Daughter) Tudor (b. c. 1435). She became a Nun. Only shown in Europäisch Stammtafeln Band II tafel 63.
Margaret (Catherine) Tudor (b. Abbey of St Saviour, Bermondsey, London, January 1437). Died there shortly after birth.
Owen Tudor had at least one illegitimate child:
Sir David Owen (1459–1528), knighted in 1485 by his nephew, King Henry VII, at Milford Haven. He married firstly Anne Blount, daughter of William Blount, and secondly before 1488 Mary (de) Bohun (born 1459), daughter of Sir John (de) Bohun, of Midhurst and Anne Arden, and had:
Sir Henry Owen, who married and had:
Anne Owen, married Sir Arthur Hopton
After Queen Catherine’s death, Owen Tudor was imprisoned at Newgate Prison, but later released.
 Participation in the Wars of the RosesOwen Tudor became an early casualty of the Wars of the Roses (1455–1487) between the House of Lancaster and the House of York. On 2 February 1461, as a man of advanced years, Owen led the Lancastrian forces at the Battle of Mortimer’s Cross against Edward, Earl of March. They were defeated. Owen was subsequently executed, beheaded at Hereford along with other prisoners, and buried there. He is said to have expected a reprieve because of his relationship with the former royal family. Owen reportedly was not convinced of his approaching death until the collar was ripped off his doublet by the executioner. At this point he is alleged to have said that “the head which used to lie in Queen Catherine’s lap would now lie in the executioner’s basket”.
 DescendantsHenry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, Owen Tudor’s Welsh grandson, became King Henry VII of England, founding the Tudor dynasty, when his supporters defeated those of Richard III at Bosworth Field in 1485. While the Wars of the Roses effectively ended at Tewkesbury in 1471, Richard III’s alleged murder of the Princes in the Tower, coupled with his invalidation by Act of Parliament, subsequently repealed, of the marriage of Edward IV to Elizabeth Woodville caused the English people to rally behind the last reasonably legitimate British adult male descendant of Edward III, Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond.
Sir Owen’s descendants include Charles I of England and Oliver Cromwell; King Juan Carlos of Spain and Elizabeth II, the current Queen regnant of the United Kingdom and of 15 other independent states.
Jasper Tudor, 1st Duke of Bedford, 1st Earl of Pembroke, KG (Welsh: Siasbar Tudur) (c. 1431 – 21/26 December 1495) was the uncle of King Henry VII of England and the architect of his successful conquest of England and Wales in 1485. He was from the noble Tudor family of Penmynydd, North Wales.
Jasper Tudor bore the arms of the kingdom, with the addition of a bordure azure with martlets or (that is, a blue border featuring golden martlets).
1 Family and early life
2 Wars of the Roses
3 Marriage and children
3.1 Illegitimate issue
4 Death and burial
 Family and early lifeJasper was the second son of Owen Tudor and the former Queen Catherine of Valois, widow of King Henry V. Hence he was a half-brother to King Henry VI, who, on attaining his majority, made Jasper Earl of Pembroke (sometime in 1452 or 1453). Through his father, Owen Tudor, he was a direct descendant of Ednyfed Fychan, Llywelyn the Great’s renowned Chancellor; this added greatly to his status in Wales.
Jasper was married on 7 November 1485 to Catherine Woodville (c. 1458–1509).
Catherine was the daughter of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg, and thus was sister to (among others) Edward IV’s queen Elizabeth Woodville, Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers and Richard Woodville, 3rd Earl Rivers. She was also the widow of Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham.
They may have had one stillborn son c. 1490. Catherine survived Jasper and later married Sir Richard Wingfield of Kimbolton Castle.
 Illegitimate issueJasper reportedly had two illegitimate daughters:
Helen Tudor (by Mevanvy or Myvanwy ferch N (b. Wales, d. bef. 1485), born c. 1459), wife of a cloth merchant William Gardiner, of London, sometimes spelled William Gardynyr for his Welsh descent (born c. 1450), having by him: Stephen Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester (c. 1490 – 12 November 1555); Richard Gardiner (1486–1548); and William Gardiner, (1488–1549)
Joan Tudor, wife of William ap Yevan, son of Yevan ap William or Yevan Williams and Margaret Kemoys, and reported mother of Morgan ap William (or Williams) (born Lanishen, Glamorganshire, Wales, 1479), later married at Putney Church, Norwell, Nottinghamshire, in 1499 to Catherine or Katherine Cromwell, born Putney, London, c. 1483, an older sister of Tudor statesman Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex. They were fourth-generation ancestors to Oliver Cromwell.
Pembroke. Uncle of Prince Charles;
Owain Glyndwr The Prince Of Wales wn.com/OWAIN_GLYNDWR_THE_PRINCE_OF_WALES
Owain Glyndwr The Prince Of Wales on WN Network delivers the latest Videos … EDIT: I’ve disabled the comments so that I have to approve them before they ….. the duchess of pembroke in her own right and married the last Prince of Wales …… father’s “Uncle Dickie”, Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma: “In a …
Patricia Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma – … en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patricia_Knatchbull,_2nd_Countess_Mountba… – Patricia Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma – …
Lady Brabourne was in the boat which was blown up by the IRA off the shores … advice on dating and the selection of a future consort from his father’s “Uncle Dickie” … Although the Queen offered the Prince of Wales no direct counsel during that period, ….. Shrewsbury, Waterford & Talbot · Derby · Huntingdon · Pembroke & …
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Admiral of the Fleet The Right Honourable
The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
KG GCB OM GCSI GCIE GCVO DSO PC FRS
Governor General of India
15 August 1947 – 21 June 1948
Monarch George VI
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
Preceded by Himself (Viceroy of India)
Succeeded by Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
Viceroy of India
12 February 1947 – 15 August 1947
Monarch George VI
Preceded by The Viscount Wavell
Succeeded by Himself (Governor General of India)
Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Governor General of Pakistan)
Born Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas George Mountbatten
25 June 1900
Frogmore House, Windsor, Berkshire
Died 27 August 1979(1979-08-27) (aged 79)
Mullaghmore, County Sligo, Republic of Ireland
Spouse(s) Edwina Ashley
Children Patricia Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma
Lady Pamela Hicks
Alma mater Christ’s College, Cambridge
Profession Admiral of the Fleet
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch Royal Navy
Years of service 1913-1965
Rank Admiral of the Fleet
Commands HMS Daring (1934)
HMS Wishart (1934-1936)
HMS Kelly (1939-1941)
HMS Illustrious (Aug.-Oct 1941)
Chief of Combined Operations (1941-1943)
Supreme Allied Commander, South East Asia Command (1943-1946)
Commander, cruiser squadron, Mediterranean Fleet (1948-1950)
Fourth Sea Lord (1950-1952)
Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet (1952-1954)
First Sea Lord (1955-1959)
Chief of the Defence Staff (1959-1965)
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight of the Garter
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Order of Merit
Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India
Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
Distinguished Service Order
Admiral of the Fleet Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas George Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma KG GCB OM GCSI GCIE GCVO DSO PC FRS (born Prince Louis of Battenberg; 25 June 1900 – 27 August 1979), was a British statesman and naval officer, an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and second cousin once removed to Elizabeth II. He was the last Viceroy of India (1947) and the first Governor-General of the independent Union of India (1947–48), from which the modern Republic of India emerged in 1950. From 1954 until 1959 he was the First Sea Lord, a position that had been held by his father, Prince Louis of Battenberg, some forty years earlier. Thereafter he served as Chief of the Defence Staff until 1965, making him the longest serving professional head of the British Armed Forces to date. During this period Mountbatten also served as Chairman of the NATO Military Committee for a year.
In 1979 Mountbatten was assassinated by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), who planted a bomb in his yacht, the Shadow V, at Mullaghmore, County Sligo, in the Republic of Ireland.
2 Early life
3.1 Early career
3.2 Second World War
3.3 Last Viceroy and first Governor-General
3.4 Career after India and Pakistan
3.5 Alleged plots against Harold Wilson
4 Personal life
4.2 Daughter as heir
4.3 Leisure interests
4.4 Mentorship of Prince of Wales
5 Television appearances
9 Styles from birth to death
10 Rank promotions
13 Dramatic portrayals
14 Places and institutions named after him
15 See also
17 Further reading
18 External links
Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, Prince Louis of Battenberg and their four children Princess Alice of Battenberg, Louise, George and Louis.Lord Mountbatten was born as His Serene Highness Prince Louis of Battenberg, although his German styles and titles were dropped in 1917. He was the youngest child and the second son of Prince Louis of Battenberg and his wife Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine. His maternal grandparents were Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse, and Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, who was a daughter of Queen Victoria and Albert, Prince Consort. His paternal grandparents were Prince Alexander of Hesse and Princess Julia of Battenberg. His paternal grandparents’ marriage was morganatic, because his grandmother was not of royal lineage; as a result, he and his father were styled “Serene Highness” rather than “Grand Ducal Highness”, were not eligible to be titled Princes of Hesse and were given the less exalted Battenberg title. His siblings were Princess Alice of Greece and Denmark (mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh), Queen Louise of Sweden, and George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven.
His father’s 45-year naval career reached its pinnacle in 1912 when he was appointed as First Sea Lord in the Admiralty. However, two years later in 1914, due to the growing anti-German sentiments that swept across Europe during the first few months of World War I, Prince Louis was removed from his position and publicly humiliated by King George V and Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill. Though both men professed ‘sadness’ at having to do this, private conversations and letters show them both perfectly happy to sacrifice their “blue-eyed German”. This forced retirement of his father was devastating to Louis. In 1917, when the Royal Family stopped using their German names and titles and adopted the more British-sounding “Windsor”, Prince Louis of Battenberg became Louis Mountbatten, and was created Marquess of Milford Haven. His second son acquired the courtesy title Lord Louis Mountbatten and was known as Lord Louis informally until his death notwithstanding his being granted a viscountcy in recognition of his wartime service in the Far East and an earldom for his role in the transition of India from British dependency to sovereign state.
Owen Tudor ?
Cass Elliot (September 19, 1941 – July 29, 1974), born Ellen Naomi Cohen and also known as Mama Cass, was an American singer and member of The Mamas & the Papas. After the group broke up, she released five solo albums. In 1998, Elliot, John Phillips, Denny Doherty, and Michelle Phillips were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame for their work as The Mamas & the Papas.
Ellen Cohen was born to Philip and Bess Cohen in Baltimore, Maryland, where she grew up. The family then moved to Alexandria, Virginia (a suburb of Washington, D.C.). She adopted the name “Cass” in high school—possibly, as Denny Doherty tells it, borrowing it from the actress Peggy Cass—but in any case, it was “Cass”, not “Cassandra.” She assumed the surname Elliot sometime later, in memory of a friend who had died.
While still attending George Washington High School, she became interested in acting and was cast in a school production of the play The Boy Friend. She left high school shortly before graduation and relocated to New York City to further her acting career, and toured in the musical The Music Man, but lost the part of Miss Marmelstein in I Can Get It for You Wholesale to Barbra Streisand in 1962.
After the breakup of The Mamas & the Papas, Elliot embarked on a solo singing career. Her most successful recording during this period was 1968’s Dream a Little Dream of Me from her solo album of the same name, released by Dunhill Records though it had originally been released on the album The Papas & the Mamas Presented By The Mamas and the Papas earlier that year.
 Las Vegas incidentIn October of 1968, Elliot made her live solo debut headlining in Las Vegas at Caesars Palace. Scheduled for a three week engagement at $40,000 per week with two shows per night, Elliot went on a six month long crash diet before the show, losing 100 of her 300 pounds. According to Elliot, the weight loss led to a stomach ulcer and throat problems, which she treated by drinking milk and cream (and gaining back 50 pounds in the process). For three weeks before the first performance, a nervous Elliot was confined to her bed as the musical director, the band and the production supervisor attempted to put together a show in her absence. Although scheduled to rehearse for a full three days before the show opened, Elliot managed to get through only part of one run through with the band before claiming that she was losing her voice. She skipped the remainder of rehearsals and drank tea and lemon, hoping to recover and pull herself together for opening night.
On the evening of Tuesday, October 16th, an audience of 950 people, including Sammy Davis, Jr., Peter Lawford, and Jimi Hendrix, filled the Circus Maximus theatre. Joan Baez and Mia Farrow had sent flowers to Elliot’s dressing room. But backstage, a shivering Elliot had developed a raging fever and her vocal chords were hemorrhaging. Friends attempted to urge her manager to cancel the show, but he felt it was too important and insisted that she perform. Sick and having barely rehearsed, Elliot began to fall apart as she was performing. Her voice was weak and barely audible, and despite the celebrity well-wishers, the large crowd was not sympathetic. At the end of the show, she returned to the stage to apologize to the audience stating “This is the first night and it will get better”, then sang “Dream a Little Dream of Me” and left the stage as the audience applauded half-heartedly. She returned later that night to perform the second show, but her voice was worse and many of the audience noisily walked out.
Reviews were harsh. Esquire magazine called the show “a disaster” that was “heroic in proportion, epic in scope.” The Los Angeles Free Press called the show “an embarrassing drag.” And Newsweek compared the show to the Titanic disaster: “Like some great ocean liner embarking on an ill-fated maiden voyage, Mama Cass slid down the ways and sank to the bottom.” The show closed after only one night and Eliot was flown back to Los Angeles for what was described as “a tonsillectomy.”
Within hours, rumors began to spread that Elliot had been taking drugs in the weeks before the performance. In her biography, “Dream a Little Dream of Me,” author Eddi Fiegel wrote that Cass later admitted to a boyfriend that she had shot up on heroin immediately before going on stage. Embarrassed by the debacle, Elliot plunged into a deep depression
Elliot was married twice, the first time in 1963 to James Hendricks, her groupmate in The Big 3 and The Mugwumps. This was reportedly a platonic arrangement to assist him in avoiding being drafted into the army during the Vietnam War; the marriage reportedly was never consummated and was annulled in 1968. In 1971, Elliot married journalist Baron Donald von Wiedenman who was heir to a Bavarian barony. Their marriage ended in divorce after a few months.
Elliot gave birth to a daughter, Owen Vanessa Elliot, on April 26, 1967. She never publicly identified the father, but many years later, Michelle Phillips helped Owen locate her biological father. Owen grew up to become a singer as well and toured with Beach Boy Al Jardine.
At the height of her solo career in 1974, Elliot performed two weeks of sold-out concerts at the London Palladium. She telephoned Michelle Phillips after the final concert on July 28, elated that she had received standing ovations each night. She then retired for the evening, and died in her sleep at age 32. Sources state her death was due to a heart attack. Elliot died in a London flat, No. 12 at 9 Curzon Place, Shepherd Market, Mayfair, which was on loan from singer/songwriter Harry Nilsson. Four years later, The Who’s drummer Keith Moon died in the same flat at the same age.
Elliot was entombed in Mount Sinai Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles. After her death, Elliot’s younger sister, Leah Kunkel, received custody of Cass’ daughter Owen, then just seven years old. Kunkel is also a singer and charted in 1984 as a member of the Coyote Sisters on the single “Straight From The Heart (Into Your Life)”. Kunkel was interviewed by VH1 in 1997 and discussed her sister for the “Mamas & Papas” episode of the network’s documentary series Behind The Music.
* Baron Donald von Wiedenman*
Again from wiki above on Jasper Tudor
Illegitimate issueJasper reportedly had two illegitimate daughters:
Helen Tudor (by Mevanvy or Myvanwy ferch N (b. Wales, d. bef. 1485), born c. 1459), wife of a cloth merchant William Gardiner, of London, sometimes spelled William Gardynyr for his Welsh descent (born c. 1450), having by him: Stephen Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester (c. 1490 – 12 November 1555); Richard Gardiner (1486–1548); and William Gardiner, (1488–1549)
etc..go to this name
(Muna Sutton m. King Hussein of Jordan*)
Percy Sutton lawyer for Malcolm X* (Malcolm Little)
Related to Wallis Simpson. Note * Bowles*
Erskine Boyce Bowles (/ˈɜrskən ˈboʊlz/; born August 8, 1945) is an American businessman and political figure from North Carolina. He served from 2005 to 2010 as the President of the University of North Carolina system. In 1997–98 he served as White House Chief of Staff and he also ran unsuccessfully for a North Carolina United States Senate seat in 2002 and 2004.
Bowles is best known for his appointment in 2010 as the Democratic co-chair of President Barack Obama’s National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform with Alan K. Simpson.
Alan K. Simpson * NOTE the Simpson name again *
Soundex Code for Ferch = F620
Other surnames sharing this Soundex Code:
FAIRES | FARGO | FARIS | FARISH | FARRIS | FERRIS | FIRCH | FORCE | FORGEY | FORSHEE | FOWERS | FRAZE | FRAZEE | FREAS | FREASE | FRECK | FREESE | FREEZE | FREGOE | FRICK | FRICKE | FRIES | FRISCH | FROCK | FROGGE | FRUGE | FRUISH |
Soundex Code for fitch = F320
Other surnames sharing this Soundex Code:
FIDDES | FITCH | FITTS | FITZ | FOUTCH | FOUTS | FOUTZ | FUDGE | FUTCH |
The Great Historic Families of Scotland
The Erskine family, which has produced a remarkable number of eminent men in every department of public life, derived their designation from the barony of Erskine in Renfrewshire, situated on the south bank of the Clyde. A Henry de Erskine, from whom the family trace their descent, was proprietor of this barony so early as the reign of Alexander II. A daughter of his great-grandson, Sir John de Erskine, was married to Sir Thomas Bruce, a brother of King Robert, who was taken prisoner and put to death by the English; another became the wife of Walter, High Steward of Scotland. The brother of these ladies was a faithful adherent of Robert Bruce, and as a reward for his patriotism and valour, was knighted under the royal banner on the field. He died in 1329. His son, Sir Robert de Erskine, held the great offices of Lord High Chamberlain, Justiciary north of the Forth, and Constable of the Castles of Edinburgh, Stirling, and Dumbarton. He was six times ambassador to England, was also sent on an embassy to France, was Warden of the Marches, and heritable Sheriff of Stirlingshire. He took an active part in securing the succession of the House of Stewart to the throne, on the death of David Bruce. In return for this important service he received from Robert II. a grant of the estate of Alloa, which still remains in the possession of the family, in exchange for the hunting-ground of Strathgartney. Sir Thomas, the son of this powerful noble by his marriage to Janet Keith, great grand-daughter of Gratney, Earl of Mar, laid the foundation of the claim which the Erskines preferred to that dignity, and the vast estates which were originally included in the earldom. Though their claim was rejected by James I., the family continued to prosper; new honours and possessions were liberally conferred upon them by successive sovereigns, and they were elevated to the peerage in 1467. The second Lord Erskine fought on the side of King James III. against the rebel lords at Sauchieburn. Robert, third Lord Erskine, fell at the battle of Flodden with four other gentlemen, his kinsmen. The grandson of that lord, the Master of Erskine, was killed at Pinkie. For several generations the Erskines were entrusted with the honourable and responsible duty of keeping the heirs to the Crown during their minority. James IV., James V., Queen Mary, James VI., and his eldest son, Prince Henry, were in turn committed to the charge of the head of the Erskine family, who discharged this important trust with great fidelity. John, the fourth Lord Erskine, who had the keeping of James V. during his minority, was employed by him in after life in important public affairs, was present at the melancholy death of that monarch at Falkland, and after that event afforded for some time a refuge to his infant daughter, the unfortunate Mary, in Stirling Castle, of which he was hereditary governor. On the invasion of Scotland by the English, he removed her for greater security to the Priory of Inchmahome, an island in the Lake of Menteith, which was his own property. His eldest son, who fell at the battle of Pinkie during his father’s lifetime, was the ancestor, by an illegitimate son, of the Erskines of Shieldfield, near Dryburgh, from whom sprang the celebrated brothers Ebenezer and Ralph Erskine, the founders of the Secession Church.
JOHN, fifth Lord Erskine, though a Protestant, was held in such esteem by Queen Mary that she bestowed on him the long-coveted title of Earl of Mar, which had been withheld from his ancestor a hundred and thirty years earlier. He maintained a neutral position during the protracted struggle between the Lords of the Congregation and the Queen Regent, Mary of Guise; but when she was reduced to great straits, he gave her an asylum in the castle of Edinburgh, where she died in 1560. The young Queen Mary put herself under his protection when about to be delivered of her son, afterwards James VI. The infant prince was immediately committed to the care of the Earl, who conveyed him to the castle of Stirling, and in the following year he baffled all the attempts of Bothwell to obtain possession of the heir to the throne. When James was subsequently crowned, though only thirteen months old, the Parliament imposed upon the Earl of Mar the onerous and responsible duty of keeping and educating the infant sovereign, which he discharged with exemplary fidelity. James seems to have spent his youthful years very happily as well as securely in the household of the Earl, pursuing his studies, and enjoying his sports in the company of Mar’s eldest son. Mar’s sister was the mother, by James V., of Regent Moray, [She afterwards married Sir William Douglas of Loch Leven. In Sir Walter Scott’s Abbot, Lady Douglas is represented as a harsh custodian of Queen Mary. She was in reality very friendly to that illustrious Princess, and was not resident in Loch Leven Castle when Mary was imprisoned there.] and the Earl was himself chosen Regent of Scotland in 1571, on the death of the Earl of Lennox; but he sank beneath the burden of anxiety and grief occasioned by the distracted state of the kingdom, and died in the following year. The family attained its highest lustre under the Regent’s son, JOHN, second Earl of Mar of the name of Erskine, the famous ‘Jock o’ the Sclaits’ (slates), [It is supposed that this sobriquet was given by James to his class-fellow from his having been intrusted by George Buchanan with a slate, whereon to record the misdeeds of the royal pupil during the pedagogue’s absence.] a name given him by James VI., his playfellow and a pupil along with him and his cousins, sons of Erskine of Gogar, of the learned and severe pedagogue, George Buchanan, under the superintendence of the Countess of Mar. He was one of the nobles who took part in the Raid of Ruthven in 1582, and was, in consequence, deprived of his office of Governor of Stirling Castle—which was conferred on the royal favourite Arran—and was obliged to take refuge in Ireland. An unsuccessful attempt to regain his position in 1584 made it necessary for the Earl to retire into England; but in November of the following year, he and the other banished lords re-entered Scotland, and, at the head of eight thousand men, took possession of Stirling Castle and the person of the King, and expelled Arran from the Court.
From this time forward the Earl of Mar was one of the King’s most trusty counsellors and intimate friends, down to the end of his career. In July, 1595, he was formally entrusted by James with the custody and education of Prince Henry, by a warrant under the King’s own hand, being the fifth of the heirs to the throne who had been committed to the charge of an Erskine. He was sent ambassador to England in 1601, and by his dexterous management contributed not a little to facilitate the peaceable accession of James to the English throne. A quarrel took place between the Earl and Queen Anne respecting the custody of Prince Henry, but James firmly maintained the claim of his friend in opposition to the angry demand of his wife, who never forgave the Earl for resisting her wishes. Mar, in return, steadily supported the policy of the King in his quarrels with the Scottish clergy, and voted for the ‘Five Articles of Perth,’ though he was well aware how obnoxious they were to the people of Scotland. In 1616 the Earl was appointed to the office of Lord High Treasurer, which he held till 1620, and became the most powerful man in the kingdom.
After the death of his first wife, Anne, daughter of David, Lord Drummond, the Earl fell ardently in love with Lady Mary Stewart, the daughter of the Duke of Lennox, the ill-fated royal favourite, and cousin of the King. As he was older than this French beauty, and had already a son and heir, she at first positively refused to marry him, remarking that ‘Anne Drumrnond’s bairn would be Earl of Mar, but that hers would be just Maister Erskine.’ ‘Being of a hawtie spirit,’ says Lord Somerville, ‘she disdained that the children begotten upon her should be any ways inferior, either as to honour or estate, to the children of the first marriage. She leaves nae means unessayed to advance their fortunes.’ [Memoirs of the Somervilles. Lord Somerville is mistaken in representing Lord Mar as an old man at this time. He was little more than thirty years of age.
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